This is the global news podcast from the BBC World Service. I'm Valerie Saunderson, and in the early hours of Friday, the 4th of September, these are our main stories. The Democrats candidate for the US presidency, Joe Biden, has visited the city of Kenosha and spoken by phone to Jacob Blake, whose shooting by police triggered days of unrest. Facebook says it will introduce new measures to reduce misinformation and interference in the American presidential election. Chinese police are offering rewards to catch demonstrators in the region of Inner Mongolia who oppose an extension of teaching in Mandarin.
Also in this podcast, this palace perched on high ground would have had a fine view of Jerusalem and it may have been owned either by a Jewish king or a wealthy, noble family.
Israeli archaeologists discovered the ruins of a palace built 2700 years ago.
We start in the United States, where the Democratic Party presidential candidate, Joe Biden has been visiting Kenosha in Wisconsin. There he met the family of Jacob Blake, a local black man shot seven times in the back by a white police officer and left paralyzed. He also spoke to Mr. Blake himself by phone. Following that private meeting with the family. Mr. Biden held a public gathering in the city's Grace Lutheran Church, where he met local residents and took part in a communal prayer for Mr.
Blake. The former vice president then outlined his vision for a post-election America if he wins in November.
I think we've reached an inflection point in American history. Our honest to God believe we have an enormous opportunity now that the screen, the curtain has been pulled back and just what's going on in the country to do a lot of really positive things.
Mr. Biden's visit to Wisconsin comes two days after President Trump toured the city to inspect the destructive aftermath of the shooting. He didn't meet the Blake family, saying he backed off because attorneys got involved. I asked our correspondent, Ally McBeal, who's in Kenosha, what Joe Biden hoped to achieve by meeting the family.
After all the violence of last week, of course, two people ended up being killed, shot by a teenage vigilante who'd come from the neighboring state. A lot of politicians had said that both Donald Trump and Joe Biden shouldn't come here and stir up emotions. Certainly, we saw those emotions being stirred earlier in the week when Donald Trump came here. Joe Biden said he felt he had to come here because so many people had asked him to do that, because Donald Trump's message had been very much on one side of this debate, have been focused on law and order, have been about condemning the rioting, condemning the looting, and not, for example, condemning the 17 year old who shot dead two people for talking about racial injustice.
So he felt he needed to fill that void and come here and in his words, bring healing.
And what was the reaction to Joe Biden's visit?
It wasn't quite the same as Donald Trump in that he wasn't as rabble rousing. He was much calmer, quieter, some would say, flatter than than Donald Trump remembering that this did all start with the shooting in the back several times of a black man here. Joe Biden wanted to focus much more on that. And certainly Black Lives Matter protesters have been taken to the streets. Did tell us that they were pleased that he came here. We also, as it happened, met the nephews of George Floyd, who decided that they wanted to come and console the family and wanted to stand alongside the Black Lives Matter protesters here.
They were surrounded by people thanking them for starting a movement three months ago.
But their message now is that people needed to vote out Donald Trump because, of course, we are now in these weeks really febrile weeks of the run up to the election at the beginning of November. Do you think law and order has taken over as the issue, whereas before it was perhaps the coronavirus?
Certainly that is where Donald Trump is driving things in these last nine weeks ahead of the election, Democrats Joe Biden had been wanting to focus on the coronavirus and as they see it, Donald Trump's mismanagement of the crisis and the the deaths that that may have led to. But they've been forced, in a sense, to to make this central to their election platform as well.
Ally McBeal in Kenosha in Wisconsin, Facebook says it'll block new political adverts in the last week before the US election as part of a series of measures aimed at reducing misinformation and interference. It said it would also act against posts that try to dissuade people from voting in November. Here's our Silicon Valley correspondent, James Clayton.
This is a real, I think, moment where Mark Zuckerberg really decided this is going to be a really poisonous election. There'll be all sorts of accusations against Biden and Trump. And does Facebook really want to be at the very center of that? And I think really this is all about the lack, the lack that it takes from a political ads that goes up to then being able to take it down. And, you know, the danger is that one side can put up a misleading ad or any kind of ad really, or stay up for six hours, 12 hours.
And it can take days sometimes to take these ads down. And by the time it's taken down, when it's a day, two days to go to the election, it's too late. And that's what Mark Zuckerberg is really worried about here.
James Clayton reporting. Nearly a month after a powerful blast devastated the Lebanese capital of Beirut, rescuers on Thursday began searching through the rubble of a residential building amid reports a person could still be alive. Gillian. Rescuers detected signs of life beneath the rubble after a sniffer dog initially indicated someone was possibly trapped. One rescuer explained how the situation unfolded.
Hornish have not been constructed. When we passed by here yesterday, we saw the building was very damaged. The Chilean rescue team let the dog out to sniff and it gave the signal of a person. Today, when we came back, we got the sensor. There's only two in the world. It indicates if there's breathing, pulse or anything still moving underground, it indicated there is a pulse, eight breaths a minute. So these, along with a temperature sensor, means there is a possibility of life.
According to the sensors, last month's explosion killed nearly 200 people and injured 6000 more. I got more details from the BBC's international correspondent, Orla Guerin, who's in the city, and he watched the rescue operation.
Well, what we had today was a flicker of hope, and it's certainly something that many Lebanese were desperately trying to cling on to. It came from a rescue team from Chile. They arrived here on the 1st of September. They searched during the day several times. They called for complete quiet, holding up their hands, telling all of us, present all of the journalists and cameramen to turn off our phones. And everyone stood in complete silence while scanning equipment, very sensitive scanning equipment was used.
They were trying to get to the location, to the exact location, and they were working in teams of seven. They said they could only send that number into the rubble at a time because of the fear that everything that that is remaining there would collapse. As the evening wore on, they were making certain progress. But at a key moment, they decided they had to pull out because they were very concerned that a remaining wall in this structure was going to come right down.
So at that stage, the Chilean team said they would finish for the evening and come back tomorrow and try and find a solution for that. And they left. But I have to say, the mood changed here on the street quite quickly. Local people gathered a small number, but very, very angry, screaming and begging for the search to continue shouting at Lebanese security forces who were securing the site that they shouldn't be standing around. They should actually be searching if there was any chance of a survivor inside.
Now, I should say that one of the senior rescuers from the Chilean team spoke to us earlier. He said, look, we do not know for certain if there are remains inside, if there is a survivor inside. But we have had an indication from our scanning equipment and we have to reach that point before we can know one way or another. And he said why there is even a one percent chance. Then we will continue the search.
And meanwhile, all extraordinarily of four more tons of ammonium nitrate, the same chemical that caused the blast last month. They found more of that near the port.
You know, I think it's an extraordinary thing for outsiders. It's not really being seen as an extraordinary thing by people here. You get a sort of a shrug of the shoulders and a sense of, well, this is what we're living with all the time. There is a tremendous sense here. And you hear it from many people of frustration, of anger with the authorities, such as they are a sense that the whole political system here is not only corrupt but inept on a given in Beirut.
The Polish prime minister has issued the strongest statement yet condemning Russia for the nerve agent attack on the opposition campaigner Alexei Navalny. In a tweet, Matthew should of yet she listed Russia's foreign interventions and attacks. He asked how many wake up calls the West needs before it releases its dealing with a hostile regime to which dialogue, compromise and partnership are alien words. Mr. Navalny is in an induced coma in a Berlin hospital. The German chancellor, Angela Merkel, said the next move depended on Russia's response.
Senior members of her government want her to consider stopping work on the Nord Stream gas pipeline from Russia. I asked our correspondent in Berlin, Jenny Hill, about Mrs Merkel's options.
This situation does present a bit of a political dilemma for Mrs Merkel. On the one hand, this attempted assassination goes up against every value for which Mrs Merkel likes to stand. On the other hand, she's very keen always to maintain a fairly careful relationship with Russia. That's for several reasons. One, of course, is that Germany has economic ties to Russia. But perhaps more importantly than that, Angela Merkel is fully aware that she's one of the very few Western leaders with whom Vladimir Putin is willing to engage.
And that is potentially advantageous when it comes to discussing issues like climate change or, for example, trying to forge. In Ukraine, so Angela Merkel has always walked a bit of a tightrope. Now, this poisoning didn't happen on her country's soil, of course, but Mr. Navalny was brought here by a German NGO for treatment. That means, in effect, Angela Merkel has to lead the charge.
But some members of her government aren't. They are pushing her to consider stopping work on the Nord Stream gas pipeline from Russia. How big a deal is Nord Stream?
Frankly, Merkel, it's a pretty big deal, big enough certainly to push ahead with it, despite a fair amount of resistance from, as you say, people within her own ranks, but also from the Americans. The U.S. does not like Nord Stream two one little bit. And one of the reasons that it's not been completed yet is because they've put sanctions against some of the companies involved in the project. Why is Mrs. Merkel keen to push ahead? My suspicion and is a view that's shared by others, too, is that she thinks it's a good way, a joint project like this and a good way to keep ties with Russia open.
It's a communication channel as well as one through which gas might eventually.
You mentioned earlier that President Putin does listen to her. How much support will she get from EU partners and NATO in this latest challenge, the relationship between Germany and Russia?
Well, so far, all the signs are that EU member states certainly will fall in behind her, whatever it is she wants to do. I think that the message from Berlin at the moment is that they very much want this to be a coordinated response. And I suppose that's because Russia's activities aren't limited to what's happened here in Berlin. We've seen similar cases actually. Now, the dissident turned up here a year or so back, having been apparently poisoned, the doctors here said.
And just last summer, a Chechen man, a man that the Russian authorities don't like at all, was shot dead in broad daylight in a Berlin park. And the authorities say they're pretty certain it was a state sponsored assassination. So this is perhaps something which here in Berlin, political figures would say is an issue which needs to be discussed and dealt with on a wider level than simply unilaterally.
Jenny Hill in Berlin. Well, meanwhile, the Kremlin spokesman, Dmitry Peskov, has again urged Germany not to jump to conclusions regarding the Navalny incident in the face of growing international pressure. Our correspondent Steve Rosenberg considers how Moscow is likely to respond denial under Vladimir Putin.
That's almost become the national sport in Russia. Whenever Moscow is accused of something by the West, the Kremlin replies it wasn't us.
And so again today, in your opinion, Putin Gogol Bordello renewed his call for president. Putin's spokesman, Dimitry Peskov, said there was no reason to accuse Russia over the poisoning of Alexei in the and no need to rush in with more sanctions. The foreign ministry here had already said there were no facts, no evidence that Mr. Navalny had been poisoned by chemical nerve agent.
I feel exactly a year or two in the headlines on Russian TV. There was no news about Navalny or Novacek, no room in the bulletin for the story. Putin critic attacked by chemical weapon. Of course, no coverage doesn't mean no pressure on the Russian government. More Western sanctions may well be on their way, but would they force the Kremlin to change course? I suspect not by annexing Crimea, by meddling in the 2016 US election and through the Novacek poisoning in SAULSBERRY, the Russian state has displayed to the world its brazenness and its determination to act however it likes, whatever the consequences.
Steve Rosenberg in Moscow. Police in Germany are waiting to question the mother of five children who were found dead in an apartment in the western city of Zarghun. The children were aged between one and eight. But his spokesman, Stefan Vianne, told journalists that officers only had one suspect in mind.
At the moment, we assume that the 27 year old mother was responsible. She threw herself in front of a train in Dusseldorf and badly injured. She's being treated in hospital as one more child who survived. Further background and details are not known at this point, and that is what we are trying to find out.
The 11 year old boy who survived was found at the home of his grandmother, who is reported to have alerted the emergency services. France has set out the details of a plan to spend 100 billion euros over the next two years to try to resurrect an economy battered by the coronavirus pandemic. 40 percent of it will be financed by European Union borrowing. Much of the focus will be on climate change and technology. But Ohlemeyer is the French finance minister, so they get more conviction on personal.
My personal conviction is that we're going to succeed when we come out of this crisis. France will be stronger than when it began with a more competitive economy, a greener economy and an economy that serves all of our citizens better for more years.
Hugh Schofield in Paris.
For the French government, the era of deregulation, globalization and unrestricted free markets is over. After covid, the task is to direct state money into the correct sectors so that the economy will eventually rebound, doesn't just recover, but is also poised for the future. That, above all, means a lot of investment in this plan, in greening the economy, boosting the railways, for example, and insulating buildings, public and private. There's 20 billion euros, too, in lower taxes on companies in the hope that when the time comes for them to build more factories, they build them in France.
He scourfield in Paris. The decision by the authorities in Beijing to have core school subjects in the Chinese region of Inner Mongolia taught in Mandarin instead of Mongolian, has led to protests. Now the police have offered rewards to help catch more than 100 people following demonstrations against the move.
I asked our Asia Pacific editor, Michael Bristow, about the government's change of policy in schools or what they've done from this year is made it compulsory for children who go to schools in Inner Mongolia, these schools that used to teach in just Mongolian. Now they're going to have to learn more subjects in Mandarin Chinese. These subjects start off with literature, but over the coming years, it's going to be increasing number of subjects, including history, law and morality.
So Mongolian in these schools is going to change from being a language of instruction to like a foreign language, almost studies as a foreign language.
And tell us more about Inner Mongolia. How many people are Mongolian? How many ethnic Chinese?
Well, Inner Mongolia is in the north of China. It's right next to the independent country, Mongolia. The amount of Mongolians in Inner Mongolia is about 20 percent in most Han Chinese. But in many areas there are an absolute majority of people and they have until now had the opportunity to go to Mongolian instruction schools who of course, Han Chinese schools, where Mandarin has been the method of instruction for some time. But there's also been these Mongolian schools and there's been a real reaction against this policy.
You know, tens of thousand people in various different towns, cities, villages, have protested. In some video clips. You can see students themselves protesting outside schools. And some parents have actually, once they got their children to the schools, found out about this change in policy, actually went back into the schools and took their children out.
And tell us a. Beijing's attitude to minorities, I mean, this isn't the first time this kind of thing has happened, is it? No.
And this particular issue on language policy, previously it pursued a policy where certain minorities, Tibetans, we as Koreans, Mongols, could have their own schools in their own language. That's changed under Xi Jinping. If people can talk to each other in the same language, this is what Xi Jinping thinks they'll be able to understand each other. Of course, many of the minorities believe it's a way for Beijing to try and control what they do, what they think, how their lives have progressed.
And in Xinjiang, particularly where the reeducation camps are, one of the things people have been sent there will be made to do is learn Mandarin Chinese so that they can better understand what Beijing is trying to do or better receive their control. Michael Bristow.
Still to come in the podcast, at a time when the value of domestic television rights for the Premier League has fallen, China has become a hugely important growth market for the top 20 English clubs in football.
The English Premier League has terminated a 750 million dollar deal with China, its most lucrative foreign market. Online and in real life to viral conspiracy theories are increasingly coming together, on one hand, there's the swirling mass of pseudoscience claiming that coronavirus doesn't exist. On the other hand, there's Kuhnen. I spoke to BBC anti disinformation reporter Marijana Spring, who told me how these two ideas are creating a conspiracy mash up and about Kuhnen.
Kuhnen is a far right conspiracy theory that essentially believes President Donald Trump is fighting against a deep state of satanic paedophiles who are in all kinds of different positions of power, whether that's in the media or in government. We first saw it come out of the 2016 election when Hillary Clinton, who was running for president, was targeted with false claims suggesting that she ran a human trafficking ring out of a pizza restaurant in Washington that was called Pizza Gate. But since then, we've seen Kuhnen slowly and steadily gain a following online, particularly as President Trump has been president.
Obviously, there have been legitimate examples of human trafficking and child trafficking allegations made, for instance, the case of Jeffrey Epstein and these kinds of incidents add fuel to the fire.
The problem with Kuhnen conspiracy theorists, though, is that they plug totally unfounded claims and disinformation that seeks to undermine any kind of truthful narrative about what's actually happening in the world right now.
And there's a mash up now, isn't there, between Kuhnen and those who believe that the pandemic isn't really happening? Yes.
So last weekend we saw lots of protests happening in different countries where protesters were holding signs. And not only were they supporting the Kuhnen conspiracy theory, but they were suggesting a coronaviruses a hoax that's false or that vaccines are a means of microchips or even killing people.
Again, those are false claims.
We're not that these two conspiracy theory groups have started to bleed into one another. That's not so surprising, given that it's an uncertain time. Lots of people are feeling very frightened, very worried, and they want some sense of control. So if you believe one conspiracy theory that links into the pandemic, perhaps you're going to turn your attention to different kinds of conspiracy theories.
And are those the conditions in which conspiracy theories flourish, that people feel they aren't in control and actually social structures perhaps are breaking down?
Definitely, when there are incidents of social upheaval or really difficult times as we've experienced this pandemic, it's common for people to turn to conspiracy theories, to try to make sense of what's going on around them and to try and regain some sense of control. But in the age of social media, obviously, that means that people can turn to very outlandish claims. They can find lots of others. As, for instance, we've seen here Kuhnen conspiracy theorists finding those who believe coronavirus conspiracy theories and they can join forces.
Marijana spring meat packing factories have been hot spots for coronavirus outbreaks in the United States, with thousands of workers infected across the country in the latest outbreak. At a Foster Farms chicken processing plant in Mercede County in California, eight workers have died and nearly 400 have tested positive for the virus. The BBC's Reagan Morris reports from Los Angeles.
What does this Muscadin what does what does Morris how many more people need to die before they take action? How many more how many more people used to die on?
Marta Vera's husband was a truck driver for Foster Farms for 27 years. They said think he died of coronavirus, along with seven other workers at the company's chicken plant as coronavirus surges through California's agricultural heartland.
He told me that your people were infected and they were still coming to work. You're not listening to this.
I'm nosotros the company to start thinking about the workers. You care about the money. Foster Farms says that is not true.
In a written statement, the company says they are facing the near insurmountable challenge of continuing to provide chicken to American consumers while protecting their employees. The company says they recognize their efforts have not been sufficiently successful, but that it's not due to a lack of effort or motivated by financial gain. The plant was ordered closed this week by Mercede County officials for six days of deep cleaning and testing of employees when an outbreak was first declared at the plant in July. Workers and union officials say they were not informed and they went to work as usual.
In July 20 20, less than 10 percent of the workers had been tested, even though positivity rates for those tests that were performed soared above 25 percent. We requested testing of all workers at the Foster Farms facility, and the company declined.
United Farm Workers organizer Elizabeth Stator says the union will call for a consumer boycott of Foster Farms chicken if safety conditions do not improve. Meat industry workers are vulnerable to coronavirus because they work long shifts and close proximity to each other at Foster Farms in California. The majority of the workers are Latino and Punjabi Sikh. Mandeep Singh is a community organizer with Chikara Movement, which advocates for agricultural workers.
I mean, there are these coalitions that we need to figure out why are these coalitions are working against the interests of their workers, the people that they call essential. But, you know, like as someone said earlier, they treat them as expendable.
The Jaka movement and other community organizers say local, state and federal institutions have consistently failed to protect the people who keep America's food chain running.
There are people that are in those positions that do care about the workers, but as institutions, they've obviously like failed completely. Right. And we need to figure out how are we going to get together? How are we going to organize these workers that we don't need to go begging to other people to ask, hey, can you do this for us? Can you do this for us that we can just demand it ourselves? Then we're going to withhold what we value, which is our labor.
But this is a starting point, and we are hoping that foster farms will come back in good faith to the workers.
And whipsawing ending that report from Reagan Morris in Los Angeles. India has reported almost 84000 cases of coronavirus in a single day, the highest daily rise for any country so far. There were 17000 cases in one state alone, Maharashtra, bringing to more than three point eight million the total number of confirmed cases in the country. Analysts suggest the real number could be even higher because testing is limited. Researchers here in the U.K. have found that children with coronavirus may display a huge variety of symptoms at present, people here can request a test if they have a new continuous cough, fever or loss of taste or smell.
But a study by Queens University, Belfast has found that diarrhea and vomiting are more common than a cough in children with covid-19. While preliminary findings by King's College London show that skin rashes, headaches and fatigue are among the other signs that could indicate an infection. Our medical editor Fergus Walsh reports.
Whilst Coronavirus poses very little threat to children's health, it's important to avoid outbreaks spreading in schools and perhaps into the wider community. So this raises the question how to spot the infection in children. A study by Queens University, Belfast, which looked for evidence of previous infection in children, found 68 of around 2000 children had antibodies to the virus. Half of those who tested positive reported having no symptoms at all. Of those that did fever was the most frequent symptom, while diarrhea and vomiting were more common than cough or loss of taste or smell.
Dr. Tom Waterfield led the research based on the data that we found.
I think the gastrointestinal symptoms of diarrhea and vomiting in particular should be added to the testing strategy for children. I think we can reassure families that symptoms such as a sniffly nose to sneezing were blocked, whereas it's not associated with covid-19 those children shouldn't need a test.
Around four million people have signed up to the covid Symptoms Tracker app from King's College, London. The team there has found a vast range of symptoms in children with coronavirus. These include headache, fatigue, sore throat, loss of appetite and skin rashes. The researchers at King's suggest that children with these non-specific symptoms should be kept off school until they feel better in order to minimise the risk of coronavirus spreading.
Fergus Walsh, the English Premier League has terminated a 750 million dollar deal with China, its most lucrative foreign market. A three year contract granting a Chinese firm IPTV rights to broadcast live matches has been ended two years early. Sports editor Dan Ronan reports.
At a time when the value of domestic television rights for the Premier League has fallen. China has become a hugely important growth market for the top 20 English clubs. The Bompard deal with PTV represented a significant proportion of the league's four billion pound income from overseas TV rights between 2019 and 2022. And with clubs already facing an unprecedented financial crisis over the loss of matchday revenue as a result of the coronavirus pandemic, forcing games behind closed doors, the termination of such an important contract is another major blow.
The league has been locked in a legal dispute with the Chinese broadcaster since it withheld a 160 million pound payment in March, just one year into a three year deal, and then offered an extension on reduced terms. But amid tensions between the Chinese and UK governments, it's been suggested that politics as well as finances, may have played a role in the collapse of the league's most lucrative overseas media rights contract.
Dan Ronan. Israeli archaeologists have discovered the ruins of a palace that was built on a hill just south of Jerusalem 2700 years ago. Alan Johnston reports.
This palace, perched on high ground would have had a fine view of Jerusalem, and it may have been owned either by a Jewish king or a wealthy, noble family. It was built in what would have been a confident time just after the city had survived a siege by the Assyrian empire. The experts believe the building was eventually destroyed when the Babylonians sacked Jerusalem, but someone deliberately buried and preserved stonework from the palace that's marked with palm trees, symbols. They would have decorated doorways and pillars.
This finely carved masonry has now been unearthed.
Alan Johnston. And that's it from us for now. But there'll be an updated version of the Global News podcast later. If you want to comment on this podcast, all the topics covered in it, you can send us an email. The address is Global Podcast at BBC Dot 08 UK. I'm Valerie Anderson and next time, bye bye.