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This is the Global News podcast from the BBC World Service.


I'm Nick Miles. And it's 13 hours on Monday, the 28th of September. These are our main stories. India now has six million confirmed cases of covid-19 at a near record infection rate. President Trump's opponents in the US have strongly condemned him for his financial arrangements after the New York Times revealed the apparent extent of his tax avoidance.


We had to Washington, D.C.. Armenia has accused Turkey of providing direct military support to Azerbaijan as fighting continues for a second day in the disputed region of Nagorno Karabakh.


Also in this broadcast, we here are warning that the English football league system could be facing financial collapse and we have overrun it and now are realizing how much we are dependent upon the natural world.


The veteran naturalist and now Instagram king David Attenborough speaks to all generations about the battle to preserve our world.


Health officials in India say the number of people infected with the coronavirus has risen to more than six million, 82000 new cases were reported on Monday. So let's look at where the pandemic is heading there. Which areas are doing well and why? The BBC's Amerindo Mukherjee in Delhi has been helping us decipher the statistics.


The rate of increase over the last few days has been more than India has seen in the recent past. So while India recorded 82000 cases in the last 24 hours, seeing over a thousand deaths, total casualty figures of over 95000, the last one million coronavirus cases in India came in just 11 days. That is the worrying aspect because it gives a sense of how fast the pandemic continues to spread in India, rising at an alarming rate. So in the next few weeks, the big worry is India is likely to overtake the US to become the worst hit country in the world.


Now, if we break down these numbers and we go a little deeper into the various regions in India, the western state of Maharashtra, which is crucial because it is home to India's financial capital, Mumbai, along with four southern states, have seen the highest number of cases. Despite these figures, the government continues to ease lockdown restrictions, obviously with an eye on reviving the economy. But experts are worried that with increased mobility, cases will continue to rise at an alarming rate.


You mentioned that some areas of the country are doing better than others. Are people putting that down to particular policies that have been put in place or is it not clear?


It isn't clear, honestly. And that has been one of the major complaints in the way in which the Indian government has handled the pandemic. Many have questioned the government figures saying that it could be hugely underreported, even as we've seen over 80000 cases a day. Testing has been another huge challenge over the last few days. We've seen a testing plateau to a certain extent, which also has had an effect on the overall numbers that are coming out. Even the government has acknowledged that India has not seen the worst yet.


In fact, the health minister of the country just a few days ago, which said that India is far from reaching even herd immunity. So therefore people must be cautious and follow all government protocol while trying to control the virus.


The hospitals have got a double problem of new cases of covid coming in. And then also people who've had covered for some time having secondary health issues like deep vein thrombosis, these kinds of things. So how is the health care system coping?


That is another huge aspect of the health infrastructure is severely stressed. Many had hoped that the lockdown that India had initiated in the initial days of the pandemic, when India was not seeing as many cases on a daily basis, and that was a lockdown which attracted worldwide attention because it went on for over two months. Many had hoped that India would ramp up its health care infrastructure using that time. But that, unfortunately, hasn't happened on the ground. Hospitals continue to be extremely stretched, as do hospital workers, doctors and staff.


They haven't really had a break, in a sense, from seeing a numbers plateau. So that continues to be a huge concern. Many have also questioned what is the messaging that the government is really giving out to the public. You're continuing to open up the economy. You're withdrawing restrictions for people. So movement is increasing. So you're seeing a larger number of cases now. So there is a false sense of security which is getting percolated down into the public that things are actually improving when they're actually not.


Well, that's the situation in India. Meanwhile, in Spain, the capital, Madrid, and its surrounding region have become the centre of the country's second wave of coronavirus.


A further eight districts are being brought into lockdown today to tackle the worst coronavirus transmission rates in the European Union. The new measures come amid a political row over how to deal with the situation. Guy Hedgecoe reports from Madrid.


Okabe, the. For the last week, an imaginary border has been in place in Madrid. It separates areas that are under restrictions from those that are not. Each morning, these workers in the south of the capital crossed that frontier, travelling by train from inside a restricted zone to their workplace. These commuters have mixed views about the measures, which only affect parts of the city with infection rates of more than 1000 cases per 100000 inhabitants.


Carlos Historias Nieto. Again, all the studies show that in these areas, the virus is much more prevalent.


So I think this is a good idea or about why confi only some areas and not all Madrid or all of Spain?


That seems strange to me.


Meanwhile, Madrid spiraling infection rate has triggered a political dispute was premature.


We are very worried by the situation in the region of Madrid, said Spanish Health Minister Salvador. Madrid represents a serious health risk for its own inhabitants and those of other surrounding regions. He added. It's time to act with determination to take control of the pandemic in Madrid and flatten the curve at the conservative. Local government is now extending the existing restrictions to a handful of other areas as of this week, affecting a total of around one million people. But Mr.


EU and the leftist central government want to see broader and stricter measures introduced in Madrid, and they might soon take action to make sure that happens. I'm on.


Pablo Neruda and Pablo Neruda Street in southern Madrid. And this is one of the areas where restrictions have already been in place for the last few days now. On the other side of the road from here, these restrictions are not in place. And so bars and restaurants there can close almost as late as they like. But on this side of the road, all establishments have to close by 10:00 PM because they are under those new restrictions. The etiquette, the queen bar only has a few customers seated at the tables outside Louisa Stefan Kuwata says this is understandable that people aren't going out as much around here because that's 10 p.m. Everything is closed.


And so people think, what's the point? He also explains why he and his colleagues obey the restrictions.


And we follow the rules for our own good. We don't do it to avoid being fined. We're doing this for our own safety. If we don't. All this is going to get much worse.


As its shutters come down, it's another early night for this bar, but many people are wondering if these measures are working and whether more tougher ones might be on the way. Guy Hedgecoe reporting from Madrid.


And staying in Spain, the justice minister, Juan Carlos Campo, has admitted that the government stopped King Philippe attending the swearing in of Catalan judges in Barcelona last week out of fears for his safety. Conservative commentators called the revelation a disgrace. Mike Sanders reports.


By convention, the Spanish monarch is a guest when top judges are sworn in. But Juan Carlos Campos said the government blocked plans for King Philippe to go to Barcelona. He said there were concerns about an imminent Supreme Court decision that could bar the regional leader, Kim Toora, from office. It's also coming up to the third anniversary of the unauthorized independence referendum for Catalonia. Several Catalan leaders are in jail or exile. As a result, the king has expressed regret that he couldn't go.


A Barcelona MP accused him of an unconstitutional intervention.


Democrats in the United States have strongly condemned Donald Trump's tax arrangements after the New York Times reported that the president had paid no federal income tax in 10 of the 15 years before he took office, the speaker of the House of Representatives, Nancy Pelosi, said the president had taken extraordinary measures to avoid paying his fair share of taxes while hard working Americans were doing so. The New York Times says it has obtained Mr. Trump's tax returns, which has long fought to keep private.


The president has dismissed the report as fake news. But Alysha Hand, who lives in California and pays a 700 dollar a month health care provision, told the BBC she was angry about what she's been hearing.


To find out that, you know, I pay once a month for health care, the same amount he paid in taxes. But that doesn't include my co-pays. It doesn't include surgeries. It doesn't include medications. So everyone is having a hard time right now struggling. He's actually in court right now trying to take away our health care. So this is just something to throw on the pile that he's not paying the taxes and he's taking our health care away during the pandemic.


It's just it's not like how it used to be.


So what's the general tone in Washington? I asked our correspondent there, Barbara Platania.


I would say from the conservative strategists and commentators, the general line is that tax evasion is illegal and and tax avoidance is legal. And most people try it, that we all take advantage of tax loopholes. President Trump's been upfront about this. He thinks it makes him look smart, that he's able to manipulate the system. So that sort of line, I think, you know, no one's surprised because the general belief was that he was avoiding taxes is, you know, he's even personally said it was smart to do so.


I think the surprise is by how much the figures that you talked about not paying one in 10, no taxes in 10 out of the past 15 years. You're also getting commentary about it shows how corrupt the system is, how much of an advantage it gives wealthy people. And I think what is also surprising, perhaps, are the hard figures on how much money he's losing. His golf clubs and hotels, apparently, according to The New York Times, have lost three hundred and fifteen million dollars since 2000.


So hemorrhaging money. And Democratic commentators have been saying he's a showman, not a businessman.


Barbara, we always talk about swaying the independent voter. That person, Alicia, had said she was independent. She's not going to vote for Donald Trump. Now, we don't know why, but she's not going to do that. Is there any sense that this race is going to change independent voters minds, do you think?


I mean, that's the big question, isn't it? They talk to you about the October surprise, some sort of devastating event or a revelation that could change the course of the vote. And is this tax bombshell such a thing? You know, we have to say President Trump has survived many devastating events. Also, frankly, most voters have made up their minds. And ABC poll recently said only five percent of people could say their minds would be changed.


So we'll see. But the point here is that the tax allegations go to the very heart of his appeal. He has presented himself as a successful businessman who looks out for the little guy, the average Joe, and that was particularly persuasive to white blue collar voters in Midwest swing states, which Joe Biden is trying to win back. So the Democrats are going to use this to their full advantage to try to do so already. You know, they've they've got stickers on their online campaign store that say I pay less income taxes than Donald Trump.


And that certainly resonated with the voter that you were speaking with, Barbara Platania.


Now more on the coronavirus and its economic impact.


Empty football stadiums are, of course, sad for fans, but there potentially life ending for a lot of clubs.


Plans for some supporters to return to crowds across England from October the 1st was scrapped last week because of the rising number of coronavirus. Cases now, several present and former football leaders have warned that England's professional lower league clubs are in danger of collapsing and they're asking for financial support from the government. Our sports news correspondent Alex Capstick told us more about the pressure on clubs.


This is an issue which has been simmering away for the past few months and has really gathered pace since the government abandoned plans to allow crowds back into the stadiums.


It doesn't involve clubs from the Premier League, the English Football League, which is the championship, then leagues one and two, but also the National League, the fifth tier of English football. These are fully professional clubs. They include some famous names. Notts County, formed in 1862, the oldest professional team in the world, Chesterfield, Halifax, Wrexham. These are clubs with a with a long and proud history and with deep roots in their in their local communities.


And it's crunch time, especially for the National League, because their season is due to start this week. But many club chairmen are saying that without support, that's simply not viable.


Yeah, they've got deep roots, but not deep pockets. What are the pressures on these clubs?


Well, these clubs depend to a large extent on ticket sales. They need those gate receipts. They need the cash that fans spend at the bars, at the food and merchandise stalls. They've also lost revenue from hiring out their facilities to groups beyond football. They don't have a lucrative broadcast deal to keep them afloat. So for many, it just doesn't make financial sense to to stage football matches with all the costs involved when there's no money coming in. But but even higher up in the championship where, you know, they do have a TV deal there.


That is peanuts compared to the Premier League gets. They also need fans coming through the turnstiles. And in the strongly worded letter signed by two former bosses of the football association, Greg Dyke and Lord Cheeseman, they point to the fact that the arts industry got a two billion dollar rescue fund from the government while they've had nothing in terms of compensation now that they say needs to be rectified urgently.


And briefly, Alex, is there any sign that the much more flush English Premier League club's arsenal, Chelsea and the like are going to dip into their own resources to help out?


Well, this weekend, the culture secretary, Oliver Dowd, made it clear that he does expect the Premier League to help out with the Premier League, they also desperately want fans to return, but they seem reluctant to dip into their pockets unless they get some sort of guarantee that supporters will be allowed back. And some premier club, Premier League clubs also believe they're being unfairly singled out because in other industries, the more successful aren't being squeezed to bail out those that are struggling.


And the authors of there to sympathize with the Premier League, they believe the responsibility here lies with the government and the problem shouldn't be shifted elsewhere. Alex Capstick.


Still to come, I realized that I could not be able to give people money or drive foods to sustain their stay during the lockdown. So I decided if I cooked for them, I'd serve more people.


We hear the story of a young woman in Zimbabwe who set up a soup kitchen to help her community.


Heavy fighting between Armenia and Azerbaijan has continued for a second day in the disputed region of Nagorno Karabakh. There's no sign that either side is backing down.


Well, those are Israeli troops firing mortars, artillery and anti-aircraft guns near the disputed area. There's concern from neighboring Iran and Russia, as well as the E.U., which relies on gas and oil pipelines in the area.


Turkey's President Erdogan, a strong ally of Azerbaijan, has said Armenia must withdraw from the area, calling it an invasion. Rayhan Dimitri is our correspondent in the region.


The fighting is ongoing. It started on Sunday. Armenia has reported 31 of its servicemen dead and over 100 wounded. Azerbaijan says that six civilians were killed. And it's not disclosing any information about casualties among the military. Azerbaijan has suspended international and domestic flights, so its main airport in Baku is not receiving any flights due to martial law, which both Armenia and Azerbaijan declared on Sunday.


So right now, we're getting reports that this conflict seems to be embroiling other actors from outside the region. Armenia is now accusing the Turks of getting involved. What do we know about them?


That's definitely what's happening. I'm just looking at the latest statement from the Armenian Foreign Ministry, and they are saying in this statement that the Turkish military experts are fighting side by side with Azerbaijan. They're claiming that Turkish weapons are being used and warplanes. So that is for now just words coming from Armenia, but also the Armenian backed Nagorno Karabakh government officials, they held a press conference late last night and they made similar claims. They said that, for example, F-16 fighter jets that were brought to Azerbaijan in August for a joint Turkish Azeri military drills never left Azerbaijan and are now being used.


But of course, we cannot independently verify this information that is being provided. A lot of Turkish officials have been using social media to express their support to Azerbaijan.


Rayhan Demitri, Zimbabwe is facing a major food crisis in the wake of a prolonged drought and economic woes that have been exacerbated by the covid-19 pandemic. But amid the hardship, a young lawyer in one small town stepped in to help the hungry by setting up a community kitchen, as Hattar Mohammad Noor reports. Just a few minutes drive from Zimbabwe's capital, Harare, the Chitungwiza community kitchen is teeming with activity. There are long queues of people standing with bowls as they wait for their serving on the breakfast menu.


Today is porridge, a mix of maize, flour and water due to increasing hyperinflation. The price of maize, the staple cereal, more than doubled in June. The founder, Samantha Marcosi, says what started out as a small act to help some of the vulnerable people in our community has turned into a full time job.


A week into the lockdown, I had a lot of people coming home asking for assistance, for food, for money or anything that I could give them because they had already exhausted what they had in the first week. So I realized that I could not be able to give people money or dry food to sustain this stay during the lockdown. So I decided if I cooked for them, I'd serve more people.


The initiative, which began in May this year, has now grown into a large soup kitchen, which feeds around 2000 people a day. Were Rákosi, a lawyer by profession, says she funded the project out of her own pocket at first. But after her story was shared widely on social media in Zimbabwe, others began chipping in. She says running a community kitchen during the pandemic has its difficulties.


The greatest challenge is operating in an environment where, you know there's a contagion and any mistake that you make can cause people to get sick or can maybe hike the rate of the spread of covid-19. That's a huge challenge. And every day waking up, praying that I'm not responsible for the spread of the disease.


The kitchen has ensured all safety measures have been implemented. Putting food on the table is a hard task for many families in Chitungwiza due to economic hardship and the mortgage crisis and the breakfast line. I spoke to Shepparton boy during the time of covid.


It's been very difficult, you know, to provide for my family since you know that. Ask a doctor to stay at home and to stop whatever activities that they've been doing because of the lockdown.


Samantha's kitchen contribution may seem like a drop in the ocean, but InSitu whether it is filling a vital gap. Artier, Mohammed Noor reporting now the taxi service Uber has won its court appeal against a decision not to renew its license to operate in the U.K. capital, Transport for London had refused to grant the Silicon Valley based company a new permit last year because of what it called a pattern of failures.


A court has now ruled, though, that Uber is fit and proper to hold a license, despite the previous failings on safety standards. Our business correspondent Theo Leggett has more details on the ruling.


Transport for London said last year that it didn't consider Uber to be a fit and proper operator in the city of London. And it said this was because of a succession of historical failings, including systems which allowed people to upload new photos to existing Uber driver accounts and basically allowed unauthorized drivers to pose as legitimate drivers and carry passengers, which meant that some passenger journeys took place with unlicensed drivers who might have had their licenses revoked. There were issues with insurance as well, and another failure allegedly allowed people who had been suspended by Uber to upload new driver profiles and start carrying passengers again.


And in this ruling, the judge said he realised that these failures had occurred. He'd taken them into account. But he concluded that since then the company had made efforts to improve its standards and it could now be considered fit and proper to operate in London.


Very briefly, the Londoners, of course, is not the only city around the world who have tried to deny Uber a licence, often on the grounds of passenger safety.


Is it that straightforward that it's not always that straightforward, but or at least it depends who you talk to? So authorities around the world have shown a certain amount of resistance to Uber. Uber obviously came in as a different kind of transport operator a few years ago. It wasn't like the original heavily licensed clothes shop taxi systems that were present in many cities around the world. So when it came in and started acting as what it described as a middleman connecting drivers with passengers, there was an awful lot of opposition as well from people with vested interests of established taxi operators and some of those established taxi operators, according to Uber, at least have a fair amount of political clout.


So if you talk to people who dislike Uber, they will say, well, this is a company which has been shown to have suffered failures repeatedly. If you talk to people who are more in favour of the operator, they'll say, well, actually, there are also other vested interests which have influence at play here.


Theo Leggett, it is just two and a half weeks before Britain and the European Union are supposed to reach a post Brexit trade deal that would come into effect at the start of next year. Some progress has been reported, but there are still big differences. A crucial week of talks is getting underway in Brussels to try to overcome them. Our correspondent Nick Beke told us about the remaining sticking points.


And we can, you know, sort of boil it down to two big areas of disagreement. The first one is fishing, specifically the amount of fish that EU boats can go into UK waters and catch. The problem is that the UK says it's you know, it's left the EU. It's an independent, independent coastal state. It can pick up as much fish as it wants to. It wants to an annual review of the amount of fish that the EU boats catch.


That, as you can imagine, is really unpopular among the seven or eight fishing nations in the EU. So that's a difficult one. The other thing that they they're still a long way apart on are competition regulations. It's the so-called level playing field. Specifically how much in the future UK companies can subsidise companies in the UK?


So, I mean, there's lots of disagreement on those two next week in Brussels. And finally, to end this podcast, we hear from the 94 year old broadcaster and naturalist David Attenborough, who it's probably fair to say is known and respected right across the world.


When he joined Instagram last week, he broke records, becoming the fastest person to reach a million followers. Now he's been talking to the BBC about how he coped with covid lockdown and his hopes and fears about our planet's future.


This report from Charlotte Galaga.


I am David. I've had the most extraordinary life, the world has changed for all of us in the last year, with many of us living under lockdowns and coping with restrictions on our daily lives. David Attenborough was forced to abandon his travels and said he spent much of lockdown's sitting in his garden listening to birds. He added he'd been lucky, as it had been a relatively painless experience for him. But as you'd expect, he'd also been reflecting on the damage humans are doing to the planet.


And we have overrun it. And now we are realizing what appalling damage we've done after realizing the damage. We are realizing how much we are dependent upon the natural world for everything we do. I mean, every breath of air we take, every mouthful of food we eat comes from the natural world. Ultimately, if we damage it shows the enforced break.


Also saw him join one of the world's most popular social media sites.


Hello, my name is David Attenborough and I've been appearing on radio and television for the past six years. But this is my first time on Instagram and the broadcaster said his message was so important he'd use any method to get it out.


He told the BBC he felt privileged that younger people listened and were influenced by him. But he said he didn't agree with the overtly aggressive tactics used by environmental groups like Extinction Rebellion.


We have to treat the people we share our community with with respect. Disturbing their lives to such an extent that innocent people can't get about their own business is a serious thing to do and and could disenchanting a lot of people.


He was vocal about President Trump, too, saying his election win had been disastrous from a conservationist point of view. That was Charlotte Gallagher.


And that is all from us for now. But there will be an updated version of the Global News podcast later. If you want to comment on this podcast or the topics we've covered in it, you can send us an email. The address is Global podcast at BBC dot com dot UK. I'm Nick Miles. The studio manager is Holly Palmer, the producer Tracy Gordon, and the editor is Karen Martin. Until next time.


Goodbye. Hi, I'm Kathy Kay, and I'm Carlos Watson. I'm a journalist and host for BBC World News based in Washington, D.C. and I'm an entrepreneur and journalist based in California, which is rather what I'd like to be instead.


Together, we are the hosts of a brand new podcast called When Kathie Met Carlos.


You know, at this crucial time in American history, we're going to be picking apart some of the issues that are facing the country right now. When Kathy met Carlos from the BBC World Service, an Aussie media just search for when Harry met Carlos, wherever you get your podcasts.