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Hello, this is the global news podcast from the BBC World Service with reports and analysis from across the world. The latest news, seven days a week. BBC World Service podcasts are supported by advertising. This is the Global News podcast from the BBC World Service.


I'm Jacki Lyden. In the early hours of Monday, the 5th of October, these are our main stories. President Trump, wearing a face mask, has taken a short car trip in his motorcade to wave at supporters waiting outside the hospital where he's spending a third night. Paris is to be placed on maximum alert from Tuesday to combat a surge in coronavirus cases, with bars forced to close and restrictions imposed on restaurants and universities. And Azerbaijan has demanded that Armenia give a deadline for withdrawing from the disputed region of Nagorno Karabakh as a condition for ending Azeri military action.


Also in this podcast on the run towards the winning line, Surakarta Theatre of Ethiopia wins.


The man who finished in seventh place back in 2016 takes the victory in 2020 in cold, wet conditions and under covid-19 restrictions.


The London Marathon has taken place. President Trump has taken a short car trip to wave at supporters gathered outside the hospital where he's being treated for covid-19. Mr. Trump appeared in the back of his armored SUV wearing a facemask and waving at well-wishers outside Walter Reed Medical Center. Shortly before, he tweeted a video of himself saying he had learnt a lot about covid.


And then he added, I also think we're going to pay a little surprise to some of the great patriots that we have out on the street. And they've been out there for a long time and they've got Trump flags and they love our country. So I'm not telling anybody but you, but I'm about to make a little surprise visit.


Earlier on Sunday, doctors treating President Trump said he was continuing to recover well from covid-19 and might be discharged from hospital as early as Monday. Mr. Trump's personal doctor, Sean Connelly, acknowledged giving an overly optimistic evaluation of his condition. A day earlier, Dr. Connelly revealed that Mr. Trump had had a high fever on Friday and had received oxygen at the White House as well as again during the day on Saturday.


Another member of the medical team, Dr. Brian Garibaldi, gave more details of the president's treatment in response to transient low oxygen levels, as Dr. Connelly has discussed. We did initiate dexamethasone therapy and he received his first dose of that yesterday. And our plan is to continue that for the time being today. He feels well, he's been up and around. Our plan for today is to have him to eat and drink beer out of bed as much as possible to be mobile.


And if he continues to look and feel as well as he does today, our hope is that we can plan for a discharge as early as tomorrow to the White House, where he can continue his treatment course.


I spoke to our U.S. correspondent, David Willis, and asked him first about the president's car ride.


The president teased it with that video on his Twitter feed praising the work of the doctors and the nurses at the Walter Reed Medical Center and then saying of his supporters, they've been out there a long time and are not telling anyone but you. But I'm about to pay a surprise visit. Where upon the presidential motorcade left the hospital, the president waving to the crowd. The motorcade traveled about half a mile down the street before doing a U-turn and heading back into the hospital.


It's a sign, perhaps, that the president wants to send his own message that he is better than perhaps some believe him to be at the moment. He's been apparently unhappy with what his doctors have been saying, what his chief of staff, Mark Meadows, has been having to say. And he added in that video address posted on Twitter that it's been an interesting journey. I've learned a lot about covid. This is the real score. I get it and I understand it.


Now, his doctors have generally been pretty upbeat, haven't they, about his treatment and about his condition, but did also have to clarify some of the things that they'd said before.


Absolutely. Jackie, the doctor said earlier that President Trump was doing really well and that they were looking to discharge him to continue his treatment at the White House. But there's been speculation that his condition is worse than the medical team has made it appear, not least because of the revelation that his blood oxygen level had twice dropped suddenly in recent days, that something that had not been mentioned in statements yesterday, the fact that the doctors wouldn't be drawn as well today on whether lung scans had revealed any damage.


The virus, of course, can cause pneumonia and other lung damage that can be visible and scans before a patient starts to really feel sick. And the fact that he's now been given a steroid called dexamethasone, which is usually used on those who are severely ill with the coronavirus, and that is being used in addition to a single drop of an experimental drug and a five day course of Ramdas of there, which curbs the virus's ability to multiply. So pressed about the conflicting information surrounding the president's condition, Dr.


Sean Connelly acknowledged that he tried to present a rosy description of President Trump's condition and, in his words, was trying to reflect the upbeat attitude of the team. I have to say, it doesn't clear up a lot of the confusion.


That was David Willis bars in the French capital Paris will be closed from Tuesday as part of new restrictions to tackle the spread of coronavirus. Hugh Schofield reports from the city.


The main new measure that kicks in from Tuesday is the closure of bars and cafes. However, restaurants and bistros that serve food as well as alcohol can stay open as long as they register contact details from customers and shut their doors at 10 o'clock. The number of covid cases across the country is continuing to grow. On Saturday, nearly 17000. Cases were reported, the government says it doesn't want to order another nationwide lockdown, but will enforce tougher measures in those cities where the virus is concentrated.


Hugh Schofield in Paris. President Ilham Aliyev of Azerbaijan has asked Armenia to set a timetable for withdrawing from the disputed region of Nagorno Karabakh as a condition for ending military action.


In a televised address, Mr Aliyev also demanded an apology from Armenia, Azerbaijan, patris or have a condition.


Let them leave our lands and stop this confrontation, not in words, but in deeds. Armenian Prime Minister Buchannon must say, I recognize the integrity of Azerbaijan as a basic principle. But Union must say I will withdraw my troops from the occupied territories. He must say, I apologize to the people of Azerbaijan and he must say Karabakh is not Armenia.


His statement came as fighting intensified between the two sides. The Azeris accuse Armenian forces of killing at least 20 civilians in missile attacks on the country's second city, Gunya.


The BBC managed to reach Elveden Beketov, a resident of the city, the morning I was just leaving my house to visit my parents in a different city. But suddenly I saw that the missiles flew over our building and hit somewhere in ganja. And I'm just very worried and called every people what happened then my students called me that the missile just hit their neighborhood. I hated this civil home in their neighborhood. And then I heard the other four missiles, the voice of the four missiles.


One is just targeted the schoolyard. Fortunately, nobody heard in the schoolyard and the other hated the civil halls and four injured and one killed. They say this was the street just behind our house. And then they hit the other parts of our city. And everybody here is just, you know, little attention, but everything is OK. And we know that this is a war situation. But there are you know, they do this in order to make it chaos in our city.


But they do this because of the anti terror operations in Karabakh.


The ethnic Armenian authorities in Nagorno Karabakh say they were responsible for launching the attack on ganja. But why? James Menendez spoke to David Barbizon, foreign affairs adviser to the self-declared president of Arzak, as Armenians, their call Nagorno Karabakh. He asked him to confirm that the missile attack on ganja came from a direct order from his president.


The settlements have been bombarded by many military objects, and it was today it was just a necessity that we hit military airport in Kandahar, one of the most important hubs transporting military equipment and jets which are coming and bombarding Nagorny Karabakh republic, killing many civilians so we don't target civilian objects. It's a war imposed on us and we have the legitimacy to target such kind of military objects, including military airport in Kandahar, one of the biggest in Azerbaijan.


You may have targeted that, but you ended up, according to the defense ministry in Azerbaijan, civilian buildings, homes and ancient historical buildings, according to their statement.


Well, I don't think that it's true. So we were going to, of course, target military objects, but we informed Azerbaijani citizens to go out from home so that they will not be targeted and they will not be somehow wounded.


Do you accept, though, that you may have hit people's homes? You see, even if there was some kind of shell or whatever, this was not a deliberate targeting. We would deliberately target civilian population. We are not fighting against Azerbaijani people. Azerbaijani people are hostages of this, Efrain Aliyev and Erdogan, the two most important terrorists.


Now, more than 200 people have died since the latest fighting erupted a week ago. The BBC's Rayhan Dimitri is monitoring events from neighboring Georgia, and she began by putting the Azeri president's comments in context.


It wasn't just the timetable for withdrawal. The Azeri president laid out his demands. It was broadcast on state television, his recorded address to the nation, and he laid out the following demands. He said that Armenia should recognize Azerbaijan's territorial integrity. It should apologize. To the Azeri people and set out the timetable for withdrawal of his troops from Nagorno Karabakh, and if these conditions are met, President Aliyev said in that case, Azerbaijan will cease fighting. But these are just the Azeri terms.


And one of the reasons why this conflict is so protracted, it's been going on for almost three decades is because there's never been any compromise and these conditions seem uncompromising conditions. Plus, what about the people who live in Nagorno Karabakh itself? Those are ethnic Armenians and Armenia and the Karabakh Armenians. They've been talking about the right for self-determination. So it's unlikely that Armenia would accept this terms.


And meanwhile, there has been an escalation of fighting, hasn't there? Talk us through what happened.


There has been an escalation, a serious escalation of fighting, because it appears that on Sunday, the fighting moved outside the conflict zone. There was an attack on Azeri second largest city of ganja from the Armenian side and also the capital of Nagorny Karabakh. Stepanek has been under constant bombardment from Dasari forces from Friday, October the 2nd. And we've been seeing pictures of quite serious damage inflicted on a number of civilian buildings and local residents. They've all been forced to on the ground.


You know, they are hiding in shelters. So it is quite a serious escalation. And prior to this kind of laying out this conditions, President Aliyev once again talked about the territories that have been recaptured on Sunday. That is a city of Jebril, which is in adjacent areas to Nagorny Karabakh and the number of villages.


And what about international pressure on these two countries to find a solution?


Well, the weekend has been quiet, so we haven't really heard any statements from the regional powers. But there have been repeated calls from the international community, from the three leaders that are co-chairs in the so-called Minsk Group. This is the peace negotiators. It's Russia, France and the United States. They have called for an immediate ceasefire. But as we're seeing on the ground, the fighting is ongoing.


That was Rayhan, Demitri. Now to the United Arab Emirates. Prisons there have often come under the spotlight for all the wrong reasons, with Human Rights Watch criticizing the conditions and treatment of inmates. But one project hopes to give a different perspective. A group of prisoners in a weird central penitentiary in Dubai has contributed a collection of personal essays to a book. Our reporter, Georgia Tallie, was allowed into the prison, situated in the desert to attend the launch.


Welcome to the launch of Tomorrow I Will Fly. This is a very unusual event. It's a book launch, but all the contributing authors are inmates at Dubai's Alafair Central Prison and most of the guests are prison officers.


Alloway occupies a square kilometer plot on the outskirts of Dubai. It's home to several thousand prisoners of both genders who have committed crimes from murder to drug smuggling to failing to pay their debts, which is a criminal offense in the UAE. We've just come through the main prison gates and the first thing that strikes you is just how green it is. There's sprinklers watering the lawns and there's birdsong. Of course, this is just the reception area. The actual cells are further into the complex and I'm not going to be allowed to go there.


For two years, authors visiting Dubai's annual literature festival have visited the prison to talk to inmates about books and the process of writing. British crime writer Claire Mackintosh and Dubai expat Annabel Cantarella wanted to do more to organise a writing course. Neither of them really expected to get the go ahead, in part because of red tape and because the UAE prison system is so opaque. The 27 inmates who were not allowed to talk to me about their crimes or conditions in the prison were equally surprised at first.


To be honest, I thought, and just another propaganda thing can't even begin to express how shocked them, how happy I am that we're published, that they did that for us, you know, and it means so much for people like us. Marginalized people don't think about people in jail and to have a voice to have been given a platform to speak.


Nothing compares a lot of things which were kept without sharing with anybody. But they'll see your first year happy, yet you are bleeding inside. So this opportunity made me feel light writing my tomorrow. It made me feel energized, powerful, happy, excited. And it took away the fear of the uncertainty that we face in tomorrow.


According to the United Nations, less than nought point one percent of the population of the UAE is in prison and 88 percent of inmates are foreign nationals. Studies, including one by the European Commission, have shown that educational programs in prisons reduce reoffending and the UN's rules for the treatment of prisoners recommends that provisions should be made for the education of all inmates. I've been to an awful lot of book launches. I don't think I've ever been to anything quite as incredible as that.


Clare and Annabel was stunned at the impact their writing course had on the prisoners for so long.


They're lumped together as the inmates, the prisoners, the convicts. And actually they've all got different stories to tell. And this process has empowered them as it's given them a voice. When the ladies first submitted, they applied using their prison numbers and that's how they introduced themselves. And then I think it was just so different for them to be called by a name and treated as a person. This writing course is claimed to be the first that has ever been run in the Middle East to prisons, have gained a certain level of notoriety.


A book written recently by a Briton imprisoned for drug smuggling describe the jails as violent and squalid. But Major Mohamed ElBaradei, the director of the Department of Training and Education of Inmates at Dubai prisons, defend the system. He insists the facilities are up to international standards.


And I say we do our best to provide the best service possible. Our doors are open, we are transparent. Any human rights organisation, they can come and visit us and see with their own eyes. This is a recommendation from our leadership to turn prisons into correctional facilities. Our role is not to read judge the inmate. Our job is to help them learn from their mistakes and reintroduce them into society. Metalized Lanson.


So that report was by George Atalay in Dubai. Still to come, Kenzo Takada was the first designer from Japan to make it in the competitive world of French fashion. He settled in France in the 1960s and gained respect with striking colours in floral prints.


The Japanese designer, Kenzo Takada, has died in Paris at the age of 81. Now to Nigeria, where the special anti robbery squad has been ordered by the inspector general of police to stop carrying out stop and search operations amid growing anger at routine harassment and atrocities committed by its officers. Our Africa regional editor, Will Ross told us what this police unit is alleged to have done.


Well, this squad was set up in the 1990s specifically to to fight violent crime, including know in recent years the kidnappings that have been going on, as well as armed robbery. But what's been shared a lot on social media over the last few days have been videos of them basically stopping cars, especially in Lagos, but in other parts of the country as well, and extorting money from people basically going through people's phones, you know, under the pretense that they're fighting some crime.


There are videos of people being bundled into cars and driven off. There are even videos that we can't verify at the moment. But we're told are of of people who've been shot by officers belonging to this particular unit.


As you say, this unit has been controversial for some time and there have been calls before to disband it, but nothing's happened. Why not?


Well, good question. And nobody knows the answer to that. I mean, the inspector general of police, Mohammad Adamou, has now said that there will be no more stopping and searching. All of these officers are supposed to now wear proper uniforms because they have been sort of going around, you know, with guns slung across their shoulder and wearing jeans, just acting like complete thugs, really. He also says they shouldn't be invading people's privacy by going through their phones and getting people, you know, getting into people's cars.


Is this an isolated incident with this particular special anti robbery squad? Because there are other units out there that have been set up in Nigeria to deal with violent crime.


There are other units and the police chief has said that these directives stopping the harassment basically is what he's saying. That applies to all the different units that are operating. But I think SARS has got this sort of notorious name, partly because, you know, they don't even dress properly as police officers in uniform. They're just wearing ordinary clothes with a small badge that says SARS. So, yes, there is a problem throughout the police force. And we should say, you know, not not only in Nigeria, of course, all over the world, there are incidents of extortion that go on.


In fact, I can relate to one myself in Ghana when I was marched to to a cashpoint by a very tall policeman brandishing an AK 47 assault rifle and he was six foot six, he got the money and I still don't have a receipt.


That was well, Ross. The Royal Opera House in London is selling a David Hockney painting of its former boss to plug a shortfall in its finances caused by the coronavirus pandemic. The painting, which will be auctioned at Christie's later this month, is expected to fetch between 14 and 23 million dollars. The Opera House has announced a limited return to public performances beginning at the end of the month. More from our arts correspondent, Rebecca.


Sir David Webster ran the Royal Opera House between 1945 and 1970 and played a key role in the establishment of the Royal Ballet and Royal Opera companies at Covent Garden. David Hockney was commissioned to paint his portrait after he stepped down. It depicts a David sitting in profile in front of a glass topped coffee table and a vase of pink tulips. The current chief executive, Alex Beard, said it was a tough call to decide to sell the picture. But in the wake of the pandemic, there was no alternative if the organisation was to survive.


The Royal Opera House says it has lost three pounds in every five pounds of its income since Knock-down forced it to close its doors to help balance the books.


There will also be significant redundancies and a fundraising appeal for donations, as Rebecca Jones, the legendary Japanese designer Kenzo Takada, has died in Paris at the age of 81. He reportedly had complications from Coronavirus is Warrenville.


Kenzo Takada was the first designer from Japan to make it in the competitive world of French fashion. Born in southern Japan in 1939, he settled in France in the 1960s and gained respect with striking colours in floral prints he found in his cancelable in the 70s, famously blending Asian and Japanese influences with those from Europe. Kenzo Takada stepped down as creative director in 1999 to focus his efforts more on art projects and last year design the first publicly displayed Christmas tree standing seven metres tall for Dubai's Mandarin Oriental Hotel.


That was Warren Buffet. Ethiopia's Shoura Kickstarter has won the men's elite race in the London Marathon, pushing the favourite, the world record holder, Elio. Chug into eighth place, Bridget Koskie from Kenya retained the women's title due to covid-19 restrictions, the marathon course involved Loop's of St James's Park in central London rather than the usual layout. Thousands of amateurs also took part running their own race wherever they were in the world. Our sports correspondent Joe Wilson watched the action.


Well, here we are on the mall, normally the scene of the finish, and indeed it will be. But it's also the start.


At 715 in persistent rain, London's first autumn marathon began. The elite athletes had prepared in a biosecure bubble. Their course was contained. Nineteen laps of St James's Park. Bridget Kozko was a clear winner of the women's race, but it was a day for perseverance, not world records. She shivered through her post race interview.


So it's very, very tough race because it rained all the way. Even on our legs.


They're freezing cos guys, victory was expected. The rest of the races were pure surprises. Nikita Dembo and Brent Lakatos both won here for the first time in the wheelchair events. Lakatos, 40, but the big name was Elliot Kyoji, eighth in the men's race, Humpday said by a blocked ear. He was left behind as Ethiopia's Surakarta and Kenya's Vincent Chumba sprinted shoulder to shoulder to the line. Mike Castelo was commentating on the run towards the winning line.


Surakarta of Ethiopia wins the man who finished in seventh place back in 2016 takes the victory in 2020.


Meanwhile, the masses had 24 hours to complete their marathons wherever and however they could. Hong Kong, Los Angeles, Lewisham and everywhere in between the distant locations United with London's marathon in spirit.


That was Joe Wilson reporting Sunday saw the fiftieth anniversary of the death of the rock singer Janis Joplin. She was, and many think she remains the best female rock singer of all time, dying of a heroin overdose aged 27. She joined Jim Morrison and Jimi Hendrix in what seemed a doomed generation of American talent, all of which naturally helped secure her place in posterity. Our arts correspondent Vincent Dowd spoke to two of her biographers in this.


If you read the papers, you know, growing up in the oil town of Port Arthur, Texas, Janis Joplin decided she could do a whole lot better.


You got no one. You can count on me.


She craved a life bigger and more audacious, and she got it while you can't.


Biographer Holly George Warren says the road to fame opened up when she heard the voices of black America do not matter how she heard Big Momma Gordon's version of Hound Dog.


But I know.


And that kind of turned her head around and she went on this quest. She discovered Leadbelly, Bessie Smith, and it completely opened her head up to a different kind of singing.


I think it's hard.


Another biographer, Alice Echols, says later Joplin's generation were open in rejecting what had come before they were in revolt against the kind of risk averse lifestyle that they saw their parents living.


Janice was desperate to avoid a life that would be diminished, and when she looked at the lives of her parents, that's what she saw.


Colleague George Warren thinks Joplin was entirely open about the impact black artists had had on her style, but it was through this white woman who had her own experiences, her own losses, that she was able to channel through her voice.


I don't think you could really say it was any sort of appropriation or imitation of some of the singers that she loved, which, by the way, she always gave credit to women that she loved, like Etta James.


And later on, Tina Turner, I mean. Piece of my heart was the biggest hit in her lifetime. But Joplin was mainly an album artist, touching the alienated, educated young of the 60s. Yet Alice Echols says she kept her privacy.


The thing that she was not terribly forthcoming about was how very well read she was, how much of a student of music she actually was. She wasn't forthcoming about her relationships with women and she wasn't forthcoming about her relationship with heroin and Harper.


That was the one interview clip which appeared to anticipate her own accidental death, journalist, audience, whoever they like to think that there are just drawings from that aura of drama. You know, Billie Holiday, the John Travolta killing herself. Oh, isn't it wonderful? You know, they like their blues singers dying to do a song of great social and political import.


Oh, Lord, won't you buy me a Mercedes Benz? My friends all drive Porsches must make man's work hard. All my lifetime.


Had she lived, what might she have become? I think Janis Joplin would have been one of the first female producers. People don't realize that because of her persona, that she created this blues mama on stage letting it all out. She actually had that very techie head as well. She loved being in the studio. She was incredibly adventuresome.


This woman had such an intellect that folks called from not. Relatively few female singers followed her into the territory between rock and blues. Ultimately, Janice Joplin's influence as a performer may have been at least as much on the men who came later. Vincent Dowd on the life of Janis Joplin. And that's it from us for now. But there will be an updated version of the Global News podcast later. If you would like to comment on this one or the topics we've covered in it, do you please send us an email?


The address remains Global podcast at BBC Dot Dot UK. I'm Jackie Leonard. The studio manager was great. Kingham, the producer was Leah McAffrey and the editors Karen Martin.


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