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This is the Global News podcast from the BBC World Service.
I'm Jonathan Savage. And in the early hours of Wednesday, the 2nd of September, these are our main stories. President Trump has visited the city of Kenosha in Wisconsin following days of unrest over the shooting of a black man and ignoring pleas from local leaders to stay away. A high profile Brazilian prosecutor responsible for unveiling a huge corruption scheme involving the state oil company Petrobras has announced that he's standing down. The police chief in Romania has dramatically resigned at the end of a news conference amid concerns over his relationship with a criminal family.
Also in this podcast, I go by the name of Eikon.
And I'm from my home on the island from Senegal, west side are upper Senegalese dream comes closer to fruition.
President Trump has paid a visit to the riot torn city of Kenosha in Wisconsin, ignoring pleas from local leaders to stay away and accusations that the trip is an election stunt. On arrival, the president visited properties and businesses damaged during unrest following the police shooting of an unarmed black man, Jacob Blake. Last month, at a news conference, Mr. Trump defended the actions of police and accused the media of focusing on bad incidents involving police officers.
The sad thing is you can do 10000 great jobs as a policeman or policewoman. You can do an incredible job for years, and then you have one bad apple or something happens that's bad. And that's the nightly news for three weeks. That's all they talk about. They don't talk about the thousands and thousands of good jobs, the lives that you saved, they never talk about.
Earlier, the president described the protests as domestic terror. Mr. Trump didn't meet members of Jacob Blake's family or indeed the man himself paralyzed and in hospital. Speaking just ahead of Mr. Trump's arrival in the city, Jacob Blake's uncle Justin had this to say.
We don't have any words for the orange man. All I ask is that he keep his disrespect, his foul language, far away from our family. We need a president that's going to unite our country and take us in a different direction of country.
Should have come true. Should he have come today?
It's a free country. We can go anywhere we want. We want the same rights he got and we want to to get our children home safely because they should be able to go anywhere in this nation and come back home, said Justin Blake.
I got more on President Trump's visit from our Washington correspondent Gary O'Donahue.
Well, he visited two venues. First of all, he visited a furniture shop, I think, that had been hit by the looting and the destruction, commiserated with the owners there. And then he went to a school where the emergency services has been coordinating and spoke to various members of law enforcement. There were various people from Congress there. The attorney general, Bill Bopara, traveled with him as that, the acting homeland security secretary. He announced that he was giving four million dollars to local businesses to compensate them for what had happened and a million dollars to the local police force.
So there was some money on offer as well. But really what he did, Jonathan, was to repeat this law and order message that he's been shaping over the last week or two, really running through those particular sound bites in a way that he wants, he hopes, will cut through to people out there in the in the electorate who are worried about law and order issues.
Gary, the mayor of Kenosha didn't want him to come. The governor of Wisconsin didn't want him to come. And it seems a bit strange for a politician to make a visit when they're not necessarily going to be popular when they get there. So why was it so important to him to go?
Well, you're right. Of course, both the governor and the mayor said he should come. And, of course, he hasn't met any of those people from the family of the man who was shot seven times in the back, Jacob Blak. He's only really met one side of the argument, if you like, in Kenosha. But he's also, don't forget, surround themselves with lots of pictures, lots of photo opportunities with police officers, with members of law enforcement.
And that's what the president is trying to achieve here politically. He's staking a lot on this law and order message in his campaign, much as Richard Nixon did back in the late sixties, although he was he wasn't president at the time. And the risk, of course, for the president here is that people say, well, look, you know, if law and order needs fixing and there's there's riots and trouble on the streets, you've been in charge.
Why is it happening on your watch? That's the risk, of course. But he does believe this is a strong issue for him.
So are some people viewing this is just an election stunt?
Some will say that, absolutely. I mean, it's not uncommon for presidents to go to places where there have been these kinds of incidents. It's it's a little uncommon for them to go in the in the teeth of opposition from the the local administration. But I think, you know, it's clearly something that fits in with the agenda as he sees it at the moment. He believes that there are a lot of not not just white voters, but Hispanic and black voters that are concerned about law and order issues that may be wavering, may be thinking, well, will it be like will it be more of this if Joe Biden is elected?
That's the image he wants to force home.
I mean, he's been very, very cautious about criticizing the police at all in respect of this particular incident. And he said over the last day or so, some drawn some extraordinary analogies, saying that is that they have a quarter second to make a decision and some of them choke. And he says it's a bit like playing golf where you can fluff a three foot part, which is an analogy that I think may be a little tone deaf.
Certainly some people will say that Gary O'Donahue, the Brazilian prosecutor who's led an anti-corruption team for the past six years, has announced he's done. Down Delton, Daniel said he was leaving for personal reasons, but critics say he'd been under huge pressure to resign over his handling of the investigations are America's editor Leonardo Russia reports.
The team of prosecutors led by Mr. Dellinger has unveiled a huge corruption scheme involving Brazil's state oil company, Petrobras. The car wash operation, as it became known, prompted the fall of the Workers Party government and the arrest of the former president, Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva. The operation was hugely popular, but that perception began to change last year when an investigative website published messages attributed to Mr. Delingpole in which he exchanged information about high profile suspects with several more to the judge in charge of the corruption cases.
Leonardo Rossia. Now to Lebanon.
Anti-government protesters on Tuesday clashed with riot police outside the parliament building in Beirut. The violence came during a visit to the city by President Macron of France, who's trying to pressure Lebanese leaders into making urgent economic and political reforms. He's warned that if this doesn't happen, the governing elite may be targeted with sanctions. From Beirut, our international correspondent Paula Guerin reports.
The brass band and the red carpet were out for President Emmanuel Macron, who arrived in Lebanon masked and ready to call for sweeping reforms during a visit to Beirut port shredded by the massive explosion four weeks ago.
He said the entire political class should change. I am not naive.
I do not consider it done. I'm going to put pressure so that we form a government, that these reforms pass, that they pass with commitment from the political forces.
But reform won't come easy in a country where some former warlords have clung on for the past 30 years since the end of the Civil War. President Macron offered a helping hand, saying he was ready to organize and host a second international aid conference for Lebanon. In mid-October, he marked the country's centenary by planting a cedar tree, the emblem of the nation, to show confidence in the future. That may not be shared by many here as they struggle with a broken city, a crippled economy and a state needing life support or thereof.
In Lebanon, at least 90 people have died and nearly 400000 have been affected by severe flooding in Sudan. The United Nations says the heavy rain has also seen the River Nile reach its highest level in 100 years.
Emanuel Eleganza reports thousands of people have been affected by the rains that have been pounding the country since late July. The worst affected regions are the capital. Khartoum is Sudan, White Nile and Darfur, where tens of thousands of people are now in urgent need of shelter and other emergency assistance. Many of those affected had been previously displaced by conflict and were already facing loss of income due to the covid-19 pandemic.
Emmanuel Organizer, the president of Zimbabwe, Emmerson Guagua Hard's, along with his predecessor Robert Mugabe, vowed never to reverse the controversial land seizures of white owned farms. More than 4000 of them were taken 20 years ago, many of them violently by Mr Mugabe supporters. It was, he said, to reverse colonial era land grabs. But the seizures were blamed for destroying Zimbabwe's economy. Now there's been a shift from Mr Manning Guagua, who's promising to return some farms to try to repair relations with Western countries.
I asked our correspondent in Harare, Shingai Noka, who will benefit the three categories of beneficiaries.
The major category is those who are foreign citizens, and these are the people, the farmers whose investments were protected by bilateral agreements, mainly European and South African. But the government says that they're less than 40 of these, but they owned huge swathes of land, including plantations. The second group are black farmers, some of who had purchased the land after independence. But their farms were still seized and redistributed. And then there's also a small group of local white farmers that has remained on the land legally, some illegally, and they will now be allowed to stay on permanently.
But the vast majority of the former farmers, many of whom are local and who number in their thousands, will not benefit from this. The government is of the view, as you said, that they benefited from colonial era sieges and they've created a separate agreement with them to pay about three point five dollars billion for assets. That's excluding compensation for the land.
So how will they go about making these changes?
Well, the government has invited those three first categories to apply for their old land back or for the return of their land. But it says that the land will only be returned if it's practical to do so. Some of these farms now belong to powerful politicians. They've also been parceled out to smallholder farmers. And so it's still a very politically sensitive issue. These are very emotive issues of land ownership. And so they say that's not possible. Sum's elsewhere will be given of similar value, but compensation will be the last resort.
And remember, that's one of the things that forced the government to speed up this implementation. It has international court judgements that were brought from these foreign citizen applications amounting to hundreds of millions of dollars. And so it's trying to avoid paying this out by returning the land.
So is this a big risk for President Menninga in terms of his popularity?
It could be a there's been a huge outcry from from locals here. I did talk about the fact that this is still a very emotive issue and there's a sense that he's preserving white farmers and the international community who have demanded that he compensate these white farmers. But I think, by and large, he is trying to also redeem his own image. He's been accused of alleged human rights abuses. And so this really is one way of trying to redeem himself in.
The eyes of the Western countries, Shingai Nyaka in Zimbabwe, the English language is always evolving.
Many of the words used by the playwright William Shakespeare 400 years ago, like Snuffly Gosta or Dargin, have disappeared entirely. Hearing them, though, might cause listeners to L'Oréal or Laugh Out Loud, an acronym added the Oxford English Dictionary. Nearly a decade ago, no one of the most popular dictionaries has been overhauled to make sure it reflects how we really speak. Henry Barlow has more.
The website dictionary dot com claims to have more than 70 million visitors each month. And repeat, users are about to notice some changes, 15000 of them. Many of the adjustments have been made to eliminate prejudicial language.
For example, all references to the word homosexuality will now be replaced with the word gay. The website says this is because the word homosexuality originated as a now discredited clinical term, implying mental illness rather than normal sexual orientation.
The use of the word addict as a noun will be replaced with the phrase habitual user of to remove any moral judgment.
And the word black will now be capitalized to match other references to cultures and ethnicities. Dictionary Dotcom says these changes are important because definitions have real world consequences and are not just academic exercises. New words have also been added like goat.
No, not an animal, but an acronym for the greatest of all time.
Another edition is Anti-gay, or MAGGA, which of course refers to Donald Trump's political slogan Make America Great Again.
The word Jangi is an adjective referring to poor quality and the word sharett, a term for parents who bombard social media with pictures of their young children. Henry Bellow.
Still to come, we held Anatomy's seminars, philosophy classes, meditation sessions and learned how to teach pregnancy yoga.
So how difficult was it to train as a yoga teacher under a coronavirus lockdown? Find out later. The Norwegian parliament says it's been the victim of a significant cyber attack, it said varying amounts of data had been downloaded, but that it didn't know who was behind the hack.
With more details, here's our security correspondent, Gordon Corera.
Officials today made it clear that data had been stolen from a number of MPs and officials working at the parliament in the last week. That puts this into the higher end of sophistication, more than a so-called denial of service attack where systems are blocked. Officials have been careful only to say they halted the attack, but not who they think was behind it. Domestic hackers are one possibility, although attacks on parliament are also sometimes undertaken by other states keen to find valuable, perhaps compromising information.
Iranian hackers were thought to be behind the targeting of the U.K. parliament in 2017. But the most high profile incident came in 2015, when Russian hackers stole large quantities of data from the German parliament. There have been tensions in the last month between Moscow and Oslo following an espionage case, but so far, Norwegian officials have not sought to point the finger in any direction.
Gordon Corera, the police chief in Romania, has dramatically resigned at the end of a news conference amid concerns about his relationship with a crime family whose boss was stabbed to death.
Liviu Vasilescu said media attacks on the police were a distraction when the country needed concerted efforts against the coronavirus pandemic. Mike Saunders reports.
Liviu Vasilescu says he always acted with professional integrity, but he'd been under pressure to explain himself after he was pictured meeting at night with representatives of the due diligence clan whose boss emption was killed at a party. Police say officers met the family to discuss bringing forward the funeral in Bucharest amid reports that 3000 people were planning to attend. That could have posed a risk of retaliatory violence and the spread of coronavirus. The funeral passed off peacefully, but it left an impression of a cozy relationship between the police and organised crime.
Mike Saunders now to Hong Kong. On Tuesday, the authorities there started mass coronavirus testing. The operation was under the auspices of the Chinese government, which sent its own doctors from mainland China to carry out the tests. Know a number of pro-democracy leaders are worried about the mass collection of DNA by Beijing and have called for a boycott. Razia Iqbal spoke to Miri Hoy, who covers Hong Kong for the court's online news site, and she began by asking her what reason the authorities there have given for this mass testing.
The Hong Kong government has been aggressively pushing this universal testing scheme, and they are presenting it as a kind of act of civic duty, but also emphasizing the role that the central government is playing the Beijing government's play in providing manpower sources. This marks the first time they've provided direct help and Hong Kong's pandemic response.
So that's that's the reason being given, is that because they're concerned about numbers in terms of infection rate, what the government has been saying is that there may be asymptomatic cases, lurking community that we may not know of yet.
And so they want to find those cases and break the chains of transmission. But what public health experts have said is that such a scheme may not be the best use of resources, especially when New Delhi cases have fallen to low double digits. There is the reproductive numbers around zero point for it's been falling consistently over the past couple of weeks. And so they say that at this point in Hong Kong's outbreak, in this latest wave, it's a bit like wasting bullets, as one expert has said, to pour so much time and resources into finding maybe mostly negative cases when those same cases can be found much more cheaply through diligent contact tracing.
And this has resulted in the chief executive, Carol Lam, describing these comments as being politically motivated. It does sound as though there is very little trust between those people in positions of power in Hong Kong and public health officials, let alone pro-democracy politicians.
Yes, and it's a very dangerous criticism to level at the public health experts, the same experts who have been so central to the very successful response to the outbreak, to their pandemic here in Hong Kong so far, and to dismiss them as politically motivated out to smear the Hong Kong Beijing governments, to mix politics and public health and in a very dangerous way.
And to what extent do you think these tests will be taken up? Because they're not mandatory yet, are they? They're not mandatory.
The government has been very careful to emphasise that they're entirely voluntary. So far, there have been about six hundred and fifty thousand people who've signed up for these tests. Tens of thousands have actually taken the tests today. So that's, you know, less than 10 percent of the population that have signed up so far and maybe more will sign up. In the coming days, but I think we can also look at the sign up rate as a kind of referendum on the public's trust in the local government, and some observers have made this comparison to and with public trust in the government at an all time low.
I don't expect to see much higher numbers signing up for the tests.
Mary Hoye from the court's online news site in Hong Kong. Now, listen to this.
I go by the name of and I'm from the home of the rapper ACORN has always been proud of its African origins. He spent the first few years of his life in Senegal before moving to America.
And now he's laid the first stone on what he says will be a six billion dollar city in Senegal to be called ACORN City. I asked the BBC's James Copnall what this new city will look like.
Futuristic Steffanie, what they're going for. If you look at the architect's plans, it's all sort of silvery skyscrapers, an urban forest of curved concrete Eikon city. Yeah, it's, you know, six billion dollars worth of investment would certainly get you something futuristic. You think Eikon says you had about a third of that money secured. And the idea is the city of the future built in West Africa, in Senegal, also a real life Wakanda. Candelas is not Black Panther, the film and sort of Afro futurism and the ethos of that.
Two major things here, jobs for Senegalese people, they say, and also a home from home for African-Americans looking to forge some sort of link back to their countries of origin.
So I presume the Senegalese authorities are welcoming this. Yeah, definitely.
So the press conference, ACMS, accompanied by Senegalese tourism minister, and they've had huge financial problems because of the covid-19 pandemic. As you'd imagine, tourism's just shrunk completely. He said it's not really a time for investment. So we're really happy that someone like Eikon is trying to bring in six billion dollars over this 10 year period. He also says we accept lots of people are going to be sceptical about this, but will make sure this will happen.
Skeptical, you say, but does that people go further? Are the people not happy about it?
Yeah, there are quite a few people who are unhappy, people who look at the designs and say, look, this doesn't really have much to do with our Senegalese culture. The Washington Post quoted a Senegalese architect who said that these shapes could be anywhere, Phoenix, Dubai. Why can't we define our own modernity? Other people say, look, you know, these big buildings, massive windows are terrible in the Senegalese. He'll need aircon.
It won't be affordable for local people. Lots of criticism. ACoNs had a pretty interesting career. A music star, philanthropist, he proclaims himself as now he wants us to be a cryptocurrency city as well. Big plans, quite a bit of skepticism. We've got 10 years to find out.
James Copnall, the winner of the BBC 2020 Komla Dumor Award, has been announced. It's the Kenyan TV presenter Victoria Rubert Deery, who's the sixth winner. The award, which was set up in 2015 in honour of the BBC presenter, aims to continue Komla Damarys legacy by celebrating African journalism and finding exceptional talent. Mersea Jumah reports.
For Victoria Labadee, this was a defining moment in her career. Apart from being a news anchor with Citizen TV, where she hosts prime time News Victoria as a reporter with a well-rounded, multifaceted approach to journalism in East Africa.
This is Citizen Weekend with Victoria Obadi.
She has interviewed some of the leading names in politics and current affairs, including U.N. Deputy Secretary-General Amina Mohamed and former Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf through her storytelling. Victoria has inspired audiences to rally behind the causes they care about and bring change to their communities, which are key journalistic traits that resonate to the BBC's global audience. It was a gratifying experience for Victoria as the 2020 winner of the BBC World News Canada, Moawad.
I was extremely humbled and honored, considering it's no small feat. Hello everyone.
I'm Camilla Dumar. Welcome to Focus on Africa.
I was amazing. I really admired how versatile he was. In one moment you would see him walking alongside a head of state. In the next he would be talking to a group of miners. So that kind of versatility was really admirable. He was authoritative and personable at the same time. He was able to connect, engage with his audience through the BBC has always had a problem looking cool.
That's where I come from. Love for me really was and still is the epitome of excellence, African excellence.
Also on the program, Arin's here, a new Rolls Royce on the streets of India.
My good friends and I think him showing that standard and it being good enough to put on the global stage really is an encouragement to young African journalists like myself wanting to grow to that level.
Chosen from among dozens of other young aspiring journalists, Victoria really impressed the BBC judges with her eloquence and passion for telling African stories on both traditional media platforms and social media. Some Teela, the world news head of Lavan Breaking, was one of the judges in a very competitive field.
Victoria was able to demonstrate a great eye for a story, a really compelling broadcasting voice, including on live and breaking news and a really strong storytelling style.
Victoria brings both a global and regional perspective to this award from her experience in Africa and the US, and we really do look forward to working with her over the next few months.
Victoria will undergo a three months training this year from the BBC offices in Nairobi, working alongside a BBC producer to report on a story for a global audience. The story will then be broadcast on BBC platforms, which reaches audiences of 400 and twenty 26 million across the world each week.
Africa can be a global player and it can be a repository of excellence. So I hope that my storytelling, the work that I do as a result of going through this award scheme, does that and also be an inspiration to other young journalists that you can craft and chart a very unique career path that is authentic to you, and most of all, using this platform to tell a true, real, authentic story of Africa.
That report by Mercede. Now let's finish with a little lesson in flexibility from the downward facing dog to the cobra. The many rigorous pauses of yoga can certainly knock you into shape if you're working. Life involves hours on end staring at a screen. Earlier this year, the workplace commentator Stephanie Hare began a course in how to be a yoga teacher. With the world on the brink of a pandemic, she soon found that it stretched her organizational skills to back in the dark.
Early days of January, I walked into the yoga underlain studio in East London and joined a group of strangers as we rolled out our mats, took a deep breath in and stepped into downward facing dog. Our plan was that we would study with our teachers until August on a 200 our teacher training course. We'd meet every month for an intensive three day immersion weekend. When not in class, we were expected to practice yoga every day to read a syllabus of anatomy and philosophy and of course, to teach our own students.
We made it three months before the world went into lockdown because of the pandemic. Like everyone else, we had to adjust. One of us fell ill with the coronavirus, another had to move home. Some of us were furloughed and one of us lost her work entirely. Those of us who are parents were thrown into the deep end with parenting, work and home schooling. And one of us is a doctor with the National Health Service who spends her days alternating between hospital scrubs and Micra.
In those first weeks of lockdown, we lost our balance. It's a common enough experience in yoga where we take our bodies through a series of poses that can require us to find balance on one foot or on our hands are upside down on our head. Yet wobbling is part of balancing. It's how we work out where we are in space and time. Sometimes we fall over. We may be out of balance because of our emotions as well as our bodies.
So we take a breath in and we recentre our teachers, showed us how this is done with remarkable grace. In a matter of weeks, they had to move online an entire course that had been designed to deliver in person. We students pitched in. We communicated by email, text, phone, a group, WhatsApp, a shared Google doc and Dropbox. And then there was Zoom, so much zoom. We held anatomy seminars, philosophy classes, meditation sessions and learned how to teach pregnancy yoga.
It helped that our doctor classmate is an obstetrician. We learned how to teach yoga online. Once lockdown was lifted and we were allowed to exercise outdoors with other people, we started teaching yoga in the park. I will always be deeply grateful to my students, who on our first class together showed remarkable calm when we were trouble. Aided by the police, after a brief chat, the officers of the law seemed reassured that we were committing no crimes and they didn't even arrest me for making a bad joke about having shoulders too tight for handcuffs.
We've just passed our final exams and celebrated, as you might expect, by practicing yoga together in the park, it turns out we may wobble, but then we find our balance.
Stephanie Hare, now a qualified yoga teacher, and that's all from us for now. But there will be an updated version of the Global News podcast later. If you want to comment on this podcast or the topics covered in it, you can send us an email. The address is Global Podcast at BBC Dot Dot UK. I'm Jonathan Savage. Until next time. Goodbye.