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[00:00:09]

Season's greetings and a very warm welcome to what we hope will be a very special edition of Something Rhymes with Purple. This is a podcast where Susie Dent and I meet up each week to talk about words and language. And we're so grateful to you for joining us. We're very lucky. We've had a very happy year with something rhymes with bubble that four million downloads so far, which is fantastic. And we won a prize this year, best entertainment podcast, the Gold Award, which was pretty exciting.

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And it's all, frankly, down to the people who tune in and listen. So thank you very much for being there. This is a week between Christmas and New Year. And you gave a lovely word for it, didn't you, the other day? I can't remember that word was that's lots of them.

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Some people call it twixt twixters, which is quite nice. But the one I like the best is because it makes me laugh is the merry name, because, like the perineum, it kind of bridges to things.

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I like that. Well, I like at Christmas time, I like to play games. So I thought we'd begin today by playing a few games. And I'm going to introduce you to a couple of games and I hope the games that people can play as well. So I'm going to introduce you to games that we can play with the family or games that you can play on your own. And I also have some riddles. I came across we were talking about Victorian literature last week, and I came across a book of Victorian riddles with a linguistic feel to them.

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And I wonder if you can answer any of these riddles. Susie Dent, what grammatical term is unpopular with young lovers, e.g., what grammatical term is unpopular with young lovers?

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Split infinitive?

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Don't know the third person very quietly, doesn't it? In what sort of syllables ought a parrot to speak?

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Dunno, I hope people listening or shouting out their earphones. And what sort of syllables should what about. Does not mean any syllables Polixeni syllables polysyllables any.

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I didn't get that one. I know Polly means why do people say call a parrot Polly.

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It's interesting isn't it. It's just because we love giving first names to birds. So we have the Robin, we have the parrot itself, which goes back to Pierre-Paul, which is means little Peter. We have the magpie in which the market short for Margaret and similarly Polly. Polly actually was the term for a parrot for quite a long time ago.

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Recorded calls are probably not a parrot. Yeah, goodness. And Polly also means multiple one syllable. Yes. When can you recognise the naked truth? I'm looking for a pun here. When can you recognise the naked truth? When you're given the bare facts. I say I need more time for the separately it.

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No, you don't. I mean their Christmas cracker, the stuff Christmas cracker and invented in Victorian times. Tom Smith 1843. He would be surprised. No, when I was young I actually wrote the riddles for Christmas. I'm not at all surprised in your is the one that was banned. They wouldn't run. It was the one that said, what does the Queen do when she burps? She issues a royal pardon. In what colour should a secret be kept?

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She's quite clever. In what colour? Oh, I can't think panicking, inviolate. Oh, brilliant, brilliant, brilliant. You know, as with all quiz questions that are easy, when you know the answer, yes. Will win the trust of the PolyOne, I could easily have got that one.

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When is longhand quicker than shorthand? When is longhand quicker than shorthand? There are people out there walking the dogs and listening to us, shouting at me, for heaven's sake. Exactly. It's been a long, week long and I'll give you a clue. I'll rephrase it. When is a long and quicker than a shorthand when it's on a clock? Oh, but of course, maybe nowadays people don't see a clock with their hands going.

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And, you know, this amazing fact that actually so many kids these days have no idea how to tell the time from additional clocks. It's all digital.

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Why is a joke like a coconut? Because it's a bit shy.

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That's nice. That's right. Well, that's good because it's no use. It's been cracked. Oh, very good. Very good. Let's play a game.

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Drew the game. Donkey, this is an actual game that people can play for Christmas. A number of people. The idea of this game and again, it's a Victorian game and it's you have to spell a word. It can't be a three letter word. Don't count. You don't want to be the person finishing the word. You must finish the word. You lose a life. There are six lives to lose. And when not you become a doctor, you lose your first life than a dog, than a dog.

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And then AQI eventually end up as a donkey donkey. OK, so we're going to spell a word, taking it in turns. So I would say I'll say, gee, yeah. And you say what a a good if I said P, that wouldn't count. The gap is a word. I think it's got to be a longer than three to go on spelling. So I said GAAP. Yes. What's your next letter.

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I n n OK, so if I add G I've lost.

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Right. Yeah. You've said gaping and you've got, you've had a G, you've lost your daughter.

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Okay, if you're very strategic, you just count up the number of letters that you're going for don't you, because you narrow it down to one word that can't be can't be escaped from.

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Well, yes, but the language is so rich. I mean, you know that Oxford English Dictionary you've got has got half a million words it doesn't get. And so the possibilities are endless and the more limited when than it just to people, of course, because you can work out alternate letters when it gets to three people, playing becomes more complicated. And it's a great game to play in the car around the table with all the family. Let's bring in part of our family.

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It's Lawrence, our producer. Lawrence, you've got the idea of you've worked out the rules of donkey. Do you understand how we play the game?

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I have worked out the rules. Can I ask, are you allowed per hour? Why on the end of work?

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I know I'd like to do first that. Yes, you can. Of course, as long as you haven't finished the work before you get. That's the thing, Lawrence, because you will see you already got the idea. Absolutely, yes. You've already got absolute. So yes, exactly. I think I've got it.

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Giles. I think I'm going to I'm going to compete with that and be quite good. Honest, good. OK, I'm starting this word then Susie then it's Lawrence for Freddy A B for the three other words. Don't answer. Well done u u l o u.

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This is very unfair of you there, Lawrence. You set me up for that one because I've got nowhere to go. OK, I think there is is there.

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Oh but maybe. No, I think maybe there isn't. I was thinking that possibly fabulous though. I think you're fabulous.

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So I was going to have a fabulous day, but I still have to go at the end don't I. So I'm the donkey again. That was unfair guys.

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OK, now another round you begin this round me ok h ok h I will follow with simple a r b o. You can't just leave, you have this is me up business isn't this marvelous? The world's leading lexicographer and she's losing hands down. This is this is what most people want, is to beat Dictionary Corner.

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That's what we're doing. I know. But I didn't have a choice. I have nowhere to go. I think you have to go.

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But to give us the letter R Hoba. We've not planned this beforehand.

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Now, may I just say, this is not to do so much with skill, but to do with luck.

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You may say that, but nobody believes it's entirely to do with skill. OK, you start the next word. It's one more round.

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OK l i n s Lawrence and I and s we're doing well with this one.

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I think I know what letter you want to give us. This is the first page or is it the fifth letter of the alphabet. Stop it.

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That's not fair. I've set myself up again haven't I. You have a. Oh that's interesting. Excellent and lot. And see what m m. Yeah. Lindsay. See, Muslins not lenfilm, it's not it's not a word in itself, it's Lenn, seemingly. What does it mean?

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It means when you look a bit like Lynne Cheney, this is frustrating. Honestly, I have to confess, I to do a little seemingly not only have we discovered that the world's leading lexicographer can't win a simple Victorian children's work, find that to do so, she tries to cheat.

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Yeah, I mean, this is a bit you know, I have the power to enter into the dictionary, which I just have since then, seemingly said, OK, so quickly, Charles, I'm going to say we are all now D, O and K. It's sudden death so you can start this is for the win the Christmas New Year when it's dealer's choice. What you wanna go for?

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I just think you guys have already plotted. How are you going to set me up? So and I'm going to go with a I'm going to go with C, C, E and.

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All right, you've got to be clearer than that, Suzanne, and quite a good one, though, does. Are you going to go? It's a very good one.

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I'm going to concede accent, I'm giving tea, so sudden death, what happens, I have missed all the bit that we cut out where I did amazingly well and well done.

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Before we lose you, Lawrence, that's the thank you to you and your team and all the people at something else for all the good work you've done this year, bringing our podcast to the world.

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Thank you so much. It's a privilege to work on and thank you to to you guys. Happy Christmas to everybody. And I'm just thankful I'm not the not the donkey this time.

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No, I'm I'm proud to be the donkey. It's not a bad thing to be lovely. Well done. So before we take a break. Yes. I'm going to give you just one more game that people can that you can actually ponder over the break, OK? And then we can give the answers at the back of the break it again. It's a it's an old game we've been playing for years, but it's quite fun to do. It's how you turn one word into another word.

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It was very popular with Lewis Carroll of Alice's Adventures in Wonderland. He would turn wet into dry. One step at a time, one letter at a time to take the word wet and then give you that, he'd give you the word baby, why? What is bais that? A Kidwai? Yes, the word, isn't it?

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Yes, it's a Turkish governor of a province or district. I mean, you'd be forgiven for not knowing that one.

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Then he went to die. DUI, what's a DUI? DUI, Blois?

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Honestly, where are we going with all of this? A woman having child of a dairy.

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There you are. And then he got to dry. So you get to work to dry in three steps, wet bed, bad day, dry. And I go to sleep at night. Wow. Turning her into soup pety into good poured into rich tree into wood. Let's take a break and then return to tell you how to turn Cain into Abel S..

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Also from something else, Katie Piper's extraordinary people with me, Katie Piper. Every episode I'm joined by a guest who tells their incredible and inspirational story, revealing how they face diversity and come through the other side, including Great British Bake Off Judge Greenleaf.

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I mean, when my first husband died, I think the next two years were the worst two years of my life because I really loved him deeply. And he died about 18 years ago now. But what kept me going was that I had all this world that was nothing to do with him.

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Do you think independence is key to resilience? Yes.

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The degree of independence, I think to put all your eggs in one basket is dangerous because it's just, you know, it's just so awful when you're left on your own.

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You can find a link to this particular interview in the episode nights of the show.

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You're listening to Subscribe Now, an app or podcast, Spotify Arava. You get your podcasts. In a moment, we're going to explore the words of the year. But first, we're just playing a little word game. It's a Victorian word game that I love that I discovered because it was much loved by Lewis Carroll. I don't know that he was the inventor of it, but he used to enjoy, for example, turning pig into sty. But if not, you can get from cane to Abel.

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Cane, chin chin spin spun. Spud sped. Árpád AP said, you know what Árpád means, it's great. What am I saying?

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It means a great deal. I've been in the Christmas sweater from Árpád to a bad time. So today it's great fun. You can get from flour to bread, flour floor, flood blood, brewed broad bread. It's a fun game to play. So the idea is you simply take two words of the same length and you turn one into the other. So that's what I'm saying. If you happen to be alone or taking a walk on your own for the rest of the week when our podcast is over.

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Feel free to just take two words and see if you can connect them. Make Iall turn into pie, oaten, Durai or even better, EHP Intiman. Can it be done? So those are some of my games. But one of the games that people have been playing in the newspapers and the dictionary makers have been playing is Word of the Year. This is something that every dictionary company in the world Merriam Webster, Oxford Dictionary, Colins, they all decide what they think is the word of the year, often based on the number of times it's been searched in a search engine.

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And this last year has given us so many words, hasn't it? Yeah, I've been I've been making lists of them. Have you?

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Yes. It's quite fascinating, actually. And just to correct you, it's not so much words that have been looked up in a search engine, although obviously I that is relevant.

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But what lexicographers these are these vast databases of language that the Oxford English corpus, as they're called, which just means a database of language, is 11 billion words at the moment. And, you know, and it's still going up.

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And so we study these to see which words bubbling under, which words have exploded through the surface of the water and which ones are slowly sinking. And it's fascinating to watch. But for me, what was more fascinating was that this year, for the first time, I think that certainly in my living memory, that Oxford published its word of the year. In fact, it found it impossible to choose because twenty twenty has been such a tumultuous or know the word that seemed a shoo in in April.

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I thought it got to be the word of the year, unprecedented. It's been such an unprecedented year that actually they couldn't choose just one. And so they chose a whole raft and issued a really fascinating language report on the words that have really come to the fore this year and words that we couldn't possibly have anticipated. So, yeah, it's been quite something linguistically.

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I think I mentioned people looking upwards because one of the dictionaries, not the Oxford Dictionary, told us that the word Lockton, which of course has been for a long time, scholars have been searched for 4000 times last year, but more than a quarter of a million times this year. And other words that people already knew, like furlaud, key worker, self isolation, they already existed, but they were came into more familiar currency than ever before. How old social distancing is a phrase?

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Social distancing, I think it was was kind of used by virologists, virologists in the 60s. But it's certainly been used before now of, first of all, people that just wanted to keep apart from others. But in terms of, you know, outbreaks and illness, probably since the big sort of flu epidemic. So maybe kind of the 80s, 1980s, onwards, I mean, not massively long, certainly not as long as no one. So we've drawn up our own list, haven't we, Charles?

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We have drawn up the purple words of the year that for us have some kind of resonance for the year that's just gone and that we felt was sort of deserving of mention. And number one is the word quarantine. And that is a word with real history. And we've talked before about how there is some comfort in the fact that these words have been around and people have needed to use them because of the challenges that they faced and they've gained new currency.

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But you know that they're not new and we have dealt with these things before. However painful it is, that quarantine looks back to the days of the Black Death when in Venice, boats and ships arriving were required to anchor for 40 days before their crews could come on shore. And the Venetian dialect word for 40 was current 40 days, and that gave us our modern quarantine. Quarantine had been in use long before then as well, in religious contexts, etc.

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But our modern sense of isolating through, you know, because of exposure to illness is from the Black Death.

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That's our number one, not the one, including these millions. But I have liked the variants the people have given us on quarantine, the fun they've had with it. I like people talking about drinks that they were having during the early days of Lockton when people were zooming one another for quarantine. Yes, experimental experimental cocktails, they call them quarantine is. And I like to the description of teenagers in the time of the covid-19 lockdown being known as Quarantine's Nice and babies born during this time.

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The colonials, I think that that's clever Colonial's quarantine. And also speaking people having drinks, it was called the cocktail. The cocktail are nice.

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Well, number two on our list is sort of quite similar in that we decided that, you know, things were pretty grim and that actually it was time for a little bit of wordplay. Quarantine being a great example, but time to sort of slightly lighten things up a little bit, but also try to, you know, to deal with the realities that we were facing, not just one, but several said the Corona Coast is what we have all been riding this year.

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That's number two on our list, a Corona coaster.

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So they've been variations to using the word Corona. Corona means crown. Yes. And the virus is called the coronavirus. Yes. Because it the actual thing looks like a crown.

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Well, yes. It's got like it's got the corona can also be relating to the solar eclipse. So when it's looked at through a microscope, it looks like it has a sort of corona around it. So, yes. And you know, Corona, the coronavirus actually has relatives in coronation and other things to do with the crown.

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Just remind everybody of the origins of the very word covid-19.

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Yes. It's funny, isn't it? Because you you want it in some ways to put this on the list because nobody really knows what the disease means. And that's absolutely right. I never thought about that before. So you tell us.

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Well, essentially, it's an abbreviation of coronavirus disease and 2090. Yeah. So it's three elements, coronavirus disease and the year. So that gives us covid and 2019. So there you are.

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Do you know just one other word that I probably would have would have put on my list? And in fact, if I had to choose an official dictionary word of the year, I might well have gone for this one 20-20 itself, because the date has become shorthand for anything that's kind of crazy, mad, ludicrous, unexpected, tragic. People say that. So twenty, twenty.

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Oh, that's very good. Yeah, well, that could be 11. We might I think we have to add that while it's okay. We definitely do. We'll come back because because in a moment when we move on from covid-19, we shall be discussing other things that are so 20-20. Maybe people will look back on this with some nostalgia, a feeling of nostalgia for the locked up. We know that the only lock down I rather liked the early days when we were walking about and there were no aeroplanes, we were listening to the birds.

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And I also quarantine being our number one word. I loved the phrase quarantine team or of the word quarantine. The people have pulled together through the crisis. They've been a quarantine team.

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And actually you mentioned there were no planes, less pollution, et cetera. There was one of the very few new words to emerge this year actually that made Oxford's list was anthro pause. And andropause is a mix of anthropos, meaning man or human, and paused as in, you know, things just stopped and man and nature had time to breathe anthropos.

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What about covid? It's the same that's going into the dictionary. In fact, that word went in extremely quickly. And why is that?

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I mean, it's obviously used everywhere. I suppose people need to know what it means. That's why it's in the dictionary. Yes. covid it's ah.

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There can be anything radical that the people who disagree with you basically are called to go with the people that have basically just ignored all the official guidance and just went about I mean, that links into another one which didn't make our list and actually was again, tongue in cheek because we needed a bit of lightness. And that was a clap. Hasid, somebody who stood far too close to you when clapping the NHS.

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Yes, I thought when I first saw that he was somebody who got a venereal disease by mistake, has it is something different. I'm interested that we decided in the end to avoid Zoome. The truth is, Zoome has now become like Google or whoever. One of those words that used to be attached to a product but actually now means something beyond that. What's what's that. What is the phrase for taking a word and making it into another word. Like it's like Hoover.

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Yeah, that's the word.

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There is a word called genericized, which is actually almost sort of death to the product by the fact that it becomes generic. But that's slightly technical. I'm not sure that's the kind of mean. But yes, it does become generic and I trademark sort of loses its grip and then becomes, you know, very much a kind of mainstream word. And of course, it then loses its capital letters at the moment with Google when the strange position where Google the search engine is a capital G, but to Google something, it's got a lowercase G because it's lost its track.

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And if you zoom somebody, you're using a capital Zarit label. Yes, we are. Now I'm loving the lockdown lingo. What about the coffin dodger?

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In the early days, people who are avoiding people with coughs, they were coughing, coughing dodges and phrases like when we were supposed to be flattening the curve, people say, well, actually what I'm doing is flattening the curve because we were drinking the cocktails and eating it. Yes. Yes, I know people talked about covid 24, something with the number of pounds that they put on, that's for sure. You know, one of the things that I also find really interesting is that we suddenly had to become really conversant in epidemiology, epidemiology.

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So we were told there are numbers and herd immunity and community transmission and all of that furlaud as well. You know, we suddenly had to deal with these new realities, Ferlo being an old term, but it came came and meant something very different for us. And then we began drinking.

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Fellow, I mean, I think that what is wonderful about this, given that we talk about language, is how in a year not only has these real words come to the fore, but also people with their love of language have used it to create all sorts of fun words. You know, with the masks that we wear. People have talked about mascara, thinking up your eyes, especially said you look good with the mask, which I think is rather marvelous.

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Yes.

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Now, we definitely tried to introduce a bit of light into the gloom, didn't we? And we always do that.

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And what about people doom scrolling? Yes. Yes. Good news. Well, we didn't have much choice o doom serving.

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I found it quite easy to avoid, actually. Did you? Yes.

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I think people had to be very disciplined about only looking at the news once a day. Otherwise you were just inundated. But yes, most of us I think were doom scrolling.

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We've chosen quarantine and koruna coaster. I put in a late bid for bubble only because bubble. I just like as a word, it sounds good. Yeah. And it's been a positive part of it because we've been having fun with people in our bubble. Clearly you've had enough of talking about fellow workers distancing self isolation and all the rest. You've had enough of lockdown lingo. I can't get enough of it. You want to talk politics, but I think because I've been a politician, I try to avoid talking about politics so you can take us through the words that have a political vibe that you feel have had resonance this year.

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Some of them are words, ancient words on that.

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Yeah, I think it's important that it's not there are words if there were any words. The list is not just about the pandemic, you know, overwhelming. It is. It has, as it has been. And in the region, 2020 itself has become the shorthand is because we've had so many other things, we've had wildfires which have totally decimated and destroyed so much of our land. We've had acute racial injustice. We've had racial protests. We've had a savage economic recession.

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We've had a pivotal US election. You know, there's just been so much of it.

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So, yes, telling to talk about doomsday issues and you got to find some light, isn't it?

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It is hard. And that's what Oxford was saying, I think, is that normally they would have a few sort of tacky things on their list or whatever. And this year was very, very hard to find the light. And I think that low, as you say, came from us playing around with existing words and coming up with some funny ones. OK, so number three on our list is employer mania. Oh, it's a lovely, very old word.

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This if you spell it ampe aleo Manjeet, if you were an employee, a maniac, you have a desire or a thirst for public office no matter what the cost.

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So this of course for me now our listeners will probably know that Charles and I don't exactly totally share the same political views. But this for me, I think you can probably agree on this one. Just Donald Trump, he wanted to cling on to office no matter what, because his thirst for public office was so huge. So for me, Donald Trump is the ultimate employee, a maniac.

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It's a great word. You say it's a very old word. How old is it? Many, I think, will take us back to about the eighteenth century. So although it's Latin in you know, in those days, we have a great desire to kind of sound more classical and more impressive by looking to the languages of the ancients. I'm just looking at it now. Yeah, 1845 to the eighteen hundred we're looking at.

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They're very good. OK, so this this again, I mean, no matter what your political persuasion, I think you can find individuals that fit this description. Number four on our list, what the world about what country you're in or it doesn't have to be a political word. Actually, it can be for somebody in your office or somebody in your family.

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A cat fart, cat fart once applied to a lackey, a servant who was never too far behind their master or mistress, and so who always followed the political wind, a cat fart. In other words, they were so close that they got they got everything and they blew the political wind.

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And I think you read the newspapers too much or watch too much.

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I would be fascinated by the selection that I was just overjoyed at the result and being very blatant here, explicit about my views, stiff Trump. Again, everything I just said about cats first in a. I there this you can apply to anyone you like, really a stiff from all of these are really old epithets, by the way. It's different is a stubborn individual who resolutely refuses to budge. Very good. These words are so rich and so applicable to the human condition that I think we will all know an employee, a maniac, a catfight with different no matter what your political persuasion.

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Have you got some more going back, as it were, to the lockdown isolation world in which we've been? Have you got some more words from from that area? Well, yes. I'll tell you what obsessed me this year has been homeschooling. Yes, I've done it. I tried to do some with my grandchildren. Hopeless, absolutely hopeless. No good at it. Makes me realize how amazing the teachers are homeschooling.

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I think the word of the strange that actually not the not that I know of anyway, no words really came out of that horrible dilemma that most parents, you know, faced with having to work at the same time as homeschooling their kids. I mean, you know, what a tricky, tough time that was. And yet we didn't seem to have any words that came out of that. Perhaps we did if any of our listeners have heard someone love to hear them.

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But yes, I've got some words that weren't created in 2020 to describe the new reality. But actually that I think we can take from the corners of the dictionary, from the historical dictionary, because they do articulate some of the experiences we've been having. So for me, number six on our list kind of summed up what I felt like doing after too much doom scrolling.

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And that is too late to be late and too little to stipulate is to hide in a corner in an attempt to escape reality.

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Oh, I love that. Yeah. When we are useful words anyway, isn't it the tabulator. I think I've spent the whole of my life with tabulating.

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Were you in a corner? No, actually look at you and say we're in a contest.

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I want to be in a cozy corner with a lot of books, actually.

[00:30:04]

And number seven, again, not dissimilar, really. While you were tabulating, you might have felt this. I hope you don't mind me putting a German word on the list. And it's found they found they so poetic in German. It's about fear and E.H. and it means the longing to be far away.

[00:30:22]

You say it's a German word, and of course it is. But the joy of the English language is it is the most international language in the history of language, isn't it? We have taken words from every country under the sun. Yes. And it's wonderful that we should do so found. And how do you how is it I mean, it's a German word. Is it used in English? I mean, is it got any history of being used in English?

[00:30:46]

No, not yet. It's funny, isn't it? We're quite restrictive when it comes to German words. We always say, oh, there must be a German word for that. But there are only a few that we take in schadenfreude of being the obvious one. Vanderhorst wunderkind is another one said we take selectively from German, perhaps because they're kind of troubled history with it.

[00:31:05]

But we but I think we do really admire the language for being so like let go if you could be and if you could be far away from whatever you are now, which is Oxford. If travel was not a problem at the moment, if covid-19 didn't exist, where would you be far away today?

[00:31:22]

I'd either be on the west coast of Ireland or I would be down near my father, which is near. I said miss my mom and my dad so much because we will share our memories. And Devon, where my dad is just by the sea in my mind's eye, I might like to go to the Maldives or something, but, you know, things would be fine. How about you?

[00:31:43]

In the past, I have several times been lucky enough to spend Christmas New Year in Jamaica. Lovely. I love the Caribbean and I love Jamaica. I love the people. I love the look of the country. I love its heritage, its cultural heritage with people like Bob Marley and also its important cultural heritage with people like Ian Fleming, Noel Coward, who chose to live Goldeneye. Goldeneye is that I was the name of this house, wasn't it?

[00:32:10]

Was you? I've I've said that it's absolutely fabulous. It's now been built up. It looks like a resort hotel, but his essential house is still there. And I had a wonderful experience when I was last in Jamaica, standing on the beach, looking out over the sea of the golden sand. And this little old lady came along the beach, this little wizened old lady nut brown bent double. This figure came teetering along the beach towards us.

[00:32:35]

My wife and I was done. And it wasn't till this little old lady got right up in front of us. We realized it was actually Mick Jagger.

[00:32:41]

Oh, yeah. So, like, I know it's all right for some it is alright for some. Well, look, there's hope for next year, I hope. World number eight fathom. Yes. Why have you got that?

[00:32:55]

OK, that seems an odd one isn't it? I chose Fathom because it has two meanings, really. One is a fathom is a you know, used to refer to the depths of water. So it's about six feet, one point eight metres. So that's it's not constant. But also when we try to find. Something we are trying to measure the depth of it in a metaphorical sense, to understand it and to and to sort of think it through, but I love the fact that we had that we were all trying to fathom this new situation that we had to deal with, but also the original sense, the one that gave us both the measurement and the idea of trying to encompass something in our heads is fathom, meaning the outstretched arms.

[00:33:34]

So it was something which embraces a unit of measurement that was based on the span of your outstretched arm. So we all longed to embrace people this year. We longed to touch them. We long to hug them and we couldn't. So for me, that word is just pack such a punch that we were trying to fathom in every single sense.

[00:33:52]

Lovely hope actually is my favorite Four-Letter Word. Have you got some words that you think should be words of the year that give us hope? Yes.

[00:34:02]

Well, number nine on our list, it's just been a favorite word of mine for such a long time. And I can never understand why. There's only one record of it in the Oxford English Dictionary. And the editors aren't even completely sure because they've only found this one instance exactly what it means. But it's just got such a lovely feel to it says the opposite of despair.

[00:34:22]

Think it's been one of my trio at times and it's respire and despair is defined simply as fresh hope and recovery from despair, which I just think I love this respect.

[00:34:34]

Let's hope for Respire this year. And number 10. Well, we mentioned German, my other language, favorite language, the slightly subjective. And I know there'll be so many words that the purple people would want to add to our list and we would welcome hearing them. But number 10 for me is a French word. And her Toovey, her Toovey and its authority are you see eye to eye. And it simply means the joy of reunion, the joy of reuniting with someone, which is something, as I say, we just all longed for.

[00:35:07]

That's wonderful. Well done. Thank you very much. Those are 11 words of the year. I'm putting 2020 at the top of the list because I think it sums it all up. Yeah. And I think people are going to talk about this year for years to come, although I think they want to be like 1776 or 10, 66. Yes. I'm hoping when we come out of this, there were the Roaring Twenties in the 1920s when people decided after the horrors of the Great War that they were going to celebrate come what may.

[00:35:37]

And we had the flappers, we had the Charleston, we had bebop.

[00:35:42]

We're going to be having fun times we want. That's what we want. Yeah, we want respect, ottavi. Exuberance, happiness. Yeah, that's what we want. Goodbye, 20-20. Hello, 20 21. Yes. To take us into the New Year. Have you got your three words of the week. I did.

[00:36:02]

And that just plucked out of thin air. Really. They didn't have any particular meaning. I just like the sound of them. One is appropriate again for sort of looking at someone from afar longing to give them a hug and actually being unable to. It's Belgard Belgard from French. But it came into English long time ago, B.L., JRD and it simply means a loving look, a belgard, a love that which is gorgeous. Now, if you're loquaciousness like I like using words a lot and you could be slightly verbose with it, you know, loquaciousness necessarily have a very positive ring to it.

[00:36:37]

But I like this is the correct word, liquidy because both of them are in the dictionary.

[00:36:42]

Yes, but I'm going to give you an alternative and one that I think sounds much more much smoother. And I'd like to think that this applies to purple, even if it might have a slight verbosity about it, is linguistically, linguistically city means sort of liking, to use words, a pleasure in using words, but perhaps a little bit too much linguistically, which I just think is quite nice.

[00:37:06]

I may be guilty of that at times, you know.

[00:37:08]

Are you and I'm going to finish with one that I think just sums up the year for many of us. And, you know, this will be gone, I promise, once Respire arrives. But if you are beloved by blubbed means, having swollen eyes from too much crying, your beloved.

[00:37:27]

I just like the sound of that. Yes. Don't be super blubbered. Bearer's don't want people being blue blooded.

[00:37:32]

We want people full of hope. Full of respect. Yes. OK, that's good. Well, the French president gave that one that you have some spare to hope. Yeah. So it's all linked. All linked together.

[00:37:46]

Soozie, we've reached the end of the year and it's been a fabulous year for us and for something rhymes with purple. We do. So want to say thank you to everybody for listening. Thank you for spreading the word. Thank you for helping us become the best entertainment podcast of Twenty Twenty. That's been fantastic. It has been. I want to say to everybody all over the world, cheers. So cheers Sarti. I love all Sellew Proost Yamas.

[00:38:08]

Do you know what they say yamas. It's in Greece. They say nice, isn't it? They say that in Germany, isn't it? Yeah. Hell good. Yeah. Where do they say Beeber. Do you know Spain. Beeber know Guam. Oh my goodness. I didn't know any of this. What about in China. What do they say in China. No idea. We don't. We have listeners in China. We know you're there.

[00:38:28]

We know are listening. They say they're gunby. What about this nice Ravi. Naturally that's cheers in Croatian and I think in Czech skull, everyone knows that. What about TV sex? That I think is cheers in Estonian. I mentioned the other day, capice, which I think is Chiasm Finnish. I love that gentian. Where does that come from?

[00:38:53]

Tintin. Well it's actually yeah. But really needs it to be adapted from Italy. Jet engine as they say in Italy now. Yeah. Trachte comes from Thailand. Yeah. And my favorite I think it comes from the part of the world, Vietnam, Cambodia, around their guns or mutebi. You one, two, three. Yo, greeting our listeners around the world and I'm full of hope. And so the poem I'm going to share with you this week comes from Biver Passes by Robert Browning, great Victorian writer, hugely famous poet in his day.

[00:39:32]

And it really well, it gives us hope. It reminds us that spring is around the corner, the years of the spring and days of the moon, mornings at seven, the hillsides Dupo, the locks on the wing, the snails on the thorn. God's in his heaven.

[00:39:51]

All's right with the world that so peaceful and just the loveliest way to end what's been a really tricky 20-20 words of the year. Thank you, Giles. Thank you to all the purple business. Genuinely from from me too. It means means the world to us that you have been with us this year of all years. Something rhymes with purple though. Is there something else? Production. We have so many people helping us make it. It was produced by Lawrence Bassett with additional production from Harriet Wells, Steve Akerman, Ella McCloud, GI Bill and the infamous if sometimes invisible garlic get besta ugali.