Transcribe your podcast

This episode is brought to you by Tunnel T-Online, A-L, I'm super excited about this one and I was skeptical of it in the beginning. Tonal quote, Tonal is the world's most intelligent home gym and personal trainer, end quote. That's the tagline from their website, folks, to give you the one sentence summary. And this device, it's really a system is perfect for anyone looking to take their home workouts to the next level or someone who just wants to get maximum bang for the buck.


In a tiny, tiny footprint of space, Total is precision engineered to be the world's most advanced strength studio and personal trainer. It uses breakthrough technology of all different types to help get you stronger, faster. I was introduced to total by three different friends. All of them are tech savvy. One of them is a former competitive skier who's doubled his strength in a number of moments using total, even though he has a long athletic background. And I'll paint a picture for you by eliminating traditional metal weights, dumbbells and barbells, Total can deliver 200 pounds of resistance, which doesn't sound like a lot, but it's actually it feels like a lot more at the high end in a device smaller than a flat screen TV.


And you can perform at least 150 different exercises. And these different technologies are exclusive to tunnel. And you can dial weights up and down with the touch of a button in one pound increments using magnets and electricity. So the movement is extremely smooth. And even though I have a home gym already in my garage, I'm still getting a total installed. I've used total for multiple workouts now to do things I just cannot do in my home gym, such as the chop and lift exercises from the four hour body, all sorts of cable exercises that would usually involve much, much bigger piece of equipment, eccentric training, for instance, you can do to give a simple example, bicep curls where you are lifting, let's just say twenty pounds in each hand up and then total will automatically increase the weight because you can lower more than you can lift to, say, 25 or 30 pounds on the way down.


And I do kettlebell swings. I do all sorts of deadlifts this, that and the other thing. And after one workout Octonal focusing on pulling, I was blasted for a full week. It's really incredible what you can do with eccentrics. They also have all sorts of other really, really cool advantage that you can apply to any of your favorite movements. Tonal learns from your strength and provides suggested weight recommendations for every move with detailed progress reports to help you see your strengths grow.


Tonal also has a growing library of expert led workouts by motivating coaches from strength training to cardio. So you can do really just about everything. Every program is personalized to your body using artificial intelligence and other aspects of the engineering and smart features.


Check your form in real time, just like a personal trainer. So try it out tritone or at least check it out. Watch the videos on YouTube and see if you can pick out a familiar voice. It's not me, I'll say that, but tritone all the world's smartest home gym for thirty days in your home. And if you don't love it, you can return it for a full refund. So visit Tonle dot com for one hundred dollars off of smart accessories when you use promo code.


Tim Tim at checkout. That's not T-Online. AOL Dotcom promo code. Tim Tunnel. Be your strongest.


This episode is brought to you by ship station, the holiday season is fast approaching and we know the people will be buying more stuff online than ever before. All of these trends to e-commerce have been accelerated due to covid and much more. If you're an e-commerce seller, are you ready to meet the demands of record breaking online shopping season? Be ready with ship station. Ship station. Dotcom is the fastest, easiest and most affordable way to manage and ship your orders.


In just a few clicks, you're managing orders, printing out discounted shipping labels and getting your products out fast. Happy holidays for you and your customers. Ship station takes the hassle out of holiday shipping no matter where you're selling on Amazon, Etsy, your website via Shopify or other platforms. Ship Station brings all of your orders into one simple interface and ship station works with all of the major carriers USPS, FedEx, UPS, even international. You can compare and choose the best shipping solution every time, and you can access the same postage discounts that are usually reserved for large Fortune 500 companies.


It's no wonder that ship station is the number one choice of online sellers. And right now, my listeners that you guys can try ship station free for 60 days when you use offer code. Tim, just go to the homepage ship station dot com, click on the microphone at the top of the homepage and type in Tim. Tim, that's it. Go to ship station dotcom then enter offer code tim ship station dot com make ship happen optimal.


At this altitude, I can run flat out for a half mile before my hands start shaking. Can I ask you a personal question? Now it is. Cybernetic organisms living tissue over middle incomes go to Paris, so. Hello, boys and girls, ladies and germs, this is Tim Ferriss. Welcome to another episode of the Tim Fair Show, where it is always my job to interview and deconstruct world class performers from all different fields. My guest today is a dear friend.


He does very few podcasts. We're going to get into a disclaimer around that Nivel reawakens. You can find him at Neverland, Avey A-L on Twitter. He is the co-founder and chairman of Angel List. He's an angel investor and has invested more than 100 companies, including many mega successes such as Twitter, Uber, Knowshon, Open Door Postmus and wish it is a long, long list. You can subscribe to Nivel, his podcast on wealth and happiness on Apple podcast Spotify or wherever you get your podcasts.


You can also find his blog at any of A-L four even more novel. Plus, Tim lets me check out my wildly popular interview with him from 2015, which was nominated for a podcast of the year. You can find that and resources and much more at Tim Blog, Nevel Devall. Welcome back to the show.


Yeah, thanks for having me. If I recall correctly, I was I was crushed in podcast theory by Jamie Fox, so.


That's right. So do I need a competition this time around? If you could just tone it down this year, please. I will do my best. Jimmy. Jimmy, basically, I could have been a completely nonresponsive critical care patient as long as the equipment functioned. Jimmy Fox is the consummate performer. So he is he is formidable competition and podcast.


But you are a different breed. And I understand that you get asked to do podcasts a lot. So what type of disclaimer would you like to play?


I don't I don't go in other people's podcasts anymore. I had to make an exception for you because you're the OG. You put me on the map. You're a good friend. And frankly, I wouldn't even be known if it weren't for you. So I definitely have to thank you and honor your request to have me back. I generally don't do podcasts anymore, or at least other people's podcast for a couple of reasons. First is, I just don't believe in sequels.


I think sequels suck, right? You look at sequels on in movies and whatnot, and they're usually pretty bad. They cost three times as much. They're long winded. The person now has an ego and a reputation to defend. They've already said what they were going to say. So they're just repeating themselves to some level. And maybe the first run, they took an idea they've had for a decade or three decades and they expounded on it. It sounded great.


And then in the sequel, whether it's a book or a movie, they have to come up with something equally good, but they only have two years to do it. And it's just really difficult to do. So I think sequels just make everybody look bad. And I'm not a fan of sequels yet. Here we are. The thing about sequels, they make money. People want them. People crave them because of a certain familiarity to it. But hopefully we won't embarrass ourselves too much.


So, yes, I don't do sequels. Who will make an exception here and kind of see how it goes.


Just don't have Jamie Fox back on, at least not this year. Yeah, well, I am looking right now as a framework for starting this conversation at your Twitter account, and that might seem like an odd place for me to start. People who listen to the show will know that I don't often do that. But I want to know two things. You follows your people on Twitter, yet you have almost a million followers.


And also trending right now in the United States is Jamie Fox hilarious next year? These are my cannot keep this guy down.


So let's talk about your account. I find your account fascinating. I find your use of Twitter fascinating. And I'd like to begin with a photograph of a professor at a blackboard that you have as your profile spurs header. Who is the person in the photograph?


I think I recognize this person, but I want to hear you describe why you chose this photograph and who it is.


Yeah, that's Professor Richard Feynman, who was a pioneer in the field of quantum electrodynamics. He was part of the Manhattan Project. He's known colloquially for his book. Surely you're joking, Mr. Feynman. A couple of related ones like, so what do you care what other people think? But he's also very well regarded in the field of physics, obviously passed away a while back. But he invented a lot of quantum electrodynamics, Feynman Path Integrals. He was part of the Manhattan Project.


Brilliant, brilliant guy. And I loved him because Feynman was one of the first characters that I encountered that did science and serious work and was accomplished in so-called real life, but was also like a he was a character. He was a happy person. He was deeply philosophical. He didn't take himself nor life too seriously. He appreciated the mysteries of life. He appreciated living life. And he had a lot of fun along the way. So it was kind of up to me.


He was like a full stack intellectual Hekker of life and was just very inspirational to me as a kid growing up, you know, even though I read a lot of philosophy and, you know, just kind of normal nonfiction, my hero. And even though I'm in the business world, the tech world, my heroes are scientists because I think applied science is the engine that pulls humanity forward. It eventually becomes technology that technology allows us to engage in all.


Pursuits around civilization, rather than be scrapping for just basic substance and survival. And so I think scientists are still the most unsung heroes of human history. And Feynman was one of the greats, and he was admirable in many regards as to how he lived his life, although I think recently they tried to cancel him, but they tried to cancel everybody.


Feynman is a character, certainly is a character, was a character and a figure who has fascinated me for decades. And actually, I collect very few things but managed to buy some of his papers and drawings at auction a handful of years ago because it was the first time that they had been made available. So I can show you some of his equations from the Manhattan Project, which is wild to think about. And my fascination, though, is in many respects uninformed because I don't have these scientific literacy to fully appreciate the genius that he brought to bear on physics, for instance.


But I could appreciate his cleverness and his questioning of assumptions and also his distaste for uniforms and other accolades, most notably some of the prizes that he was awarded that he seemed to have particular a dislike for.


He famously said that science is the belief in the ignorance of experts. And it's so funny these days. So many people are on Twitter saying believe in science or according to science. And if there's no such thing as science with a capital s science, the foundation of science is doubt. It is all about falsifiability. David Deutsch, who's kind of one of my current modern living physicist heroes, is a puppet and the key. He subscribes to Karl Popper's philosophy and he basically says that if it's not falsifiable, it's not scientific.


If you can't prove it, false, if there's if if you if it's true up or down or left or right. It's not science. It doesn't require belief. You should be able to challenge it at all times. It should make risky predictions that are not obvious. And those predictions should then be tested. And you shouldn't be able to, after the fact, change the goal, move the goalposts or change how the you know, how the predictions were set up.


And so those are the hallmarks of good science, falsifiability, independent verifiability, and making risky and narrow predictions with details that are hard to vary both before and after the fact. And that's how you end up with good science and good explanations, not by people on Twitter voting. That's politics. So everything has become politics now. Science has become politics to people politicized and their big science. But I think Feynman would be very unhappy with that, although he was just a generally happy character and non-political and tended not to get involved in these things.


But I think he would realize that that is not actually science, but it's masquerades as science. It's almost becoming social science. And going to Twitter, like Nassim Taleb is one of my favorite Twitter followers, even though he's a he is a bit cantankerous or is cantankerous.


Yeah, he's annoyed people for sure. But, you know, you want to hear the truth. You've got to you've got to be prepared to to be hurt a little bit. But he had a great tweet recently that I retweeted, which I'm sure made a lot of people mad, where he said the opposite of education is not ignorance. The opposite of education is an education and social science. And I thought that was hilarious.


But it hurts because there's some truth to it. If there was no truth to it, it wouldn't hurt at all. If I said Tim versus fat, that would just bounce right off of you. But if I said Tim Ferriss in The Fake Gurus, that might hit us. Right, because I suspect at some deep level there's a part of that. That's true. So I think the same way, like with social science does kind of lead you down the road to ignorance because it's about social and anything.


Social is about groupthink and group behavior. And individuals can search for truth, but groups search for consensus because if a group doesn't have consensus, it can't get along, they can't get along, falls apart and there's conflict. And so the last place you're going to find truth is in large groups. And the moment you make science about large groups and about voting and about consensus, you're not really practising science anymore.


And the science with a capital s is dangerous, very dangerous, as you mentioned.


And yeah, it's propaganda. It's and then it becomes like macroeconomics again. Another Talab line. He says it's easier to macro bullshit than it is to micro bullshit. And so big science is the equivalent of macroeconomics, whereas the microeconomics, a little science which is mean a lab or me with my computer and trying out various things. And so you can just say with macroeconomics you can pick and choose whatever data you want to prove, whatever point you want.


With big science, you can pick or choose whatever papers you want. So look at the fights right now on the Internet about what covid means. You can go down that hall of mirrors and find scientific, quote unquote, substantiation for many points of view, depending on which. As you choose to cherry pick, and so then we reduce back to consensus, but again, science isn't done by consensus. It should be done by experimentation, verifiability, falsifiability, rigorous testing.


And, you know, in an ideal science world, you don't go and survey 10000 thousand scientists. You actually pick the one smartest scientist. But that's a very hard to do. Now, no one can agree on who the smartest scientist is. So unfortunately, I think that the nature of what science is is being corrupted. And that started the day we let the so-called social sciences masquerade as science is the day we said psychology is a science and politics can be a science and and so on.


And you can apply the scientific method to those things. Then I think that's the day we start to corrupt science or at least the word science. So real science these days is relegated to a very small corner of physics, maybe like molecular biology and chemistry, mathematics theory of computation.


But it's a fairly limited set of very quantitatively literate friend of mine said at one point, most of the decisions that have science at the end of them are not actually science exceptions, computer science, computer science. If it's hard, neuroscience might be an exception, but very often, if there's science appended to it, it is not, in fact something that is falsifiable according to someone like Karl Popper. Right. It cannot be it cannot be proven or disproven using experiment, at least.


That's right.


And what if there isn't some experiment could that could theoretically disprove it then? It's not science. Yeah. It's like honest Abe's law firm, right. If he needs to put honest in the title, then you have to wonder.


So the same way with science in the word other than, as you said, computer science in neuroscience, you sort of have to wonder.


Well, let's look at a couple of quotes from Feynman there. If there are few that I think about a lot and these these are good reads.


But number one, and I think this is really applicable with respect to science in media, particularly a term that bothers me a lot, which is studies prove or studies show just like capital s science shows, which isn't really a thing, the facts can get contorted quite a lot. The quote from Feynman is I learned very early the difference between knowing the name of something and knowing something.


In other words, this is a very deep point. And I think that a lot of times that we just defined something with another definition or we just throw out a piece of jargon as if that means we know something and it's a difference we can. Memorization and understanding. Understanding is a thing that you want you want to be able to describe in ten different ways, in simple sentences from the ground up and re derive whatever you need. If you just memorize, you're lost.


So I think this is one of the things that I get stuck on a lot, which is like just keep going back and reading the basics over and over, trying to understand them. So don't necessarily have that tall edifice of knowledge that is very seductive in academia. But as anyone who's operated much in the real world knows, in the real world, you get paid for making good judgments and decisions based on the basics. For example, if you know arithmetic, statistics, probability at a high level and you understand some basic math, you have all the math that you need to succeed in life.


You don't need calculus or even trigonometry or number theory or set theory or any of these kinds of things, unless you're going into a deeply technical field or mathematics. Yet we spend so much of our time in school covering precalc and calculus when the kids were taking those courses aren't even that could have basic math. So the basics are really important. That's the steel frame, the foundation for understanding that you need to get through life. And too much of it is reduced to memorization and understanding things as names and as definitions.


And I think the Feynman example is his dad would take him for walks and they would see birds. And, you know, his dad would say, this bird is such and such a warbler. But that doesn't tell you anything about the bird that tells you about humans and humans gave that bird that name, really the bird. It likes to stand on one leg at this point. It likes to pick it lies and its feathers doing this and it likes to eat these kinds of things.


And it flies this way for that reason. And these are predators and these are its prey. So, I mean, those are the kinds of things that really give you understanding who cares what the bird is called. The name of the bird is irrelevant. And you see a lot of professions in professional life. This happens a lot, which is jargon. People try to protect their knowledge by basically saying, well, I understand this term and that term and what this term means.


But the reality is most people don't actually know what these things mean underneath. I find this very common in accounting. A lot of business people don't know accounting and even a lot of accountants will have fancy words for things. But when you dig underneath, they don't really understand the principle of what's going on below it. And if you just understand the principle. And even if you don't understand the words, you will have an advantage in, for example, negotiating deals because you'll understand underneath how the pieces are actually moving on the board as opposed to what they're called.


And I just want to point out developing that. Foundational knowledge is akin to learn the basics of shooting foul throws in basketball, it is not becoming Michael Jordan right with a very limited set of colors with which to paint. If you spend a few weeks, maybe not even a few weeks, a few days with a decent YouTube tutorial or book gathering the basics of accounting, you will be able to make significantly better decisions. I mean, it's it's I just want to underscore that this is not an a master's degree or PhD or any type of commitment like that that can separate you from the pack in terms of advantage.


Well, just run a business. Run a lemonade stand will teach you better accounting than that of a textbook. Now, you may need to learn certain conventions because you need those to communicate with other humans so that there's efficient communication. When you say one thing, they understand that thing. And that's where jargon can be useful, because it can be a compressed way of communicating knowledge rather than having to try and explain it from first principles every time. But when it's not useful is when it becomes a substitute for understanding.


Understanding is a thing. That's what separates humans from the other animals. That's what separates us from the robots that we actually understand what's going on underneath. Like, for example, in the artificial intelligence world is a new algorithm three, which is the rage, which is text completion. So people are saying, hey, I can make up like really plausible sounding writing. And so the aiyaz here is going to take all the jobs. Well, no, because the A.I. doesn't actually know what's going on underneath.


If I were to ask a question of, well, why did you write that or what does that mean, it would very quickly fall apart. So you always want to strive for understanding, not from memorization. You should be able to rearticulated five different ways and every language that you know, otherwise you don't really understand it. And the good news is you don't have to understand that many things. While we're on the topic of a Feynman, one of the phrase, the quotes from him, as he says, like, nature uses only the longest threads.


Do we have a tapestry? And so what he means by that is that there's only a few basic principles that you have to understand to kind of understand the sum total of our knowledge in physics. There's not a lot. And as physics becomes more and more advanced, we're actually unifying theories. We're collapsing them into one thing like we do with electricity and magnetism or statistical mechanics and heat and thermodynamics. Those turn out to be one thing. So we're or we're trying to do currently with gravity and quantum mechanics.


We're trying to reconcile them in quantum loop gravity or in string theory or what have you. So you just kind of have to understand a few of the basic things and then you'll see them recurring over and over and over again. Like, for example, I study and read physics and computer science just for entertainment. I don't there's no practical application for me, but there's this really interesting theory as reading about called Suleymanov induction, and it's basically formalized Occam's razor, which is that the shortest answer is the correct one, but it's more advanced than that.


But it basically says, like, if you want to figure out why something happened, you take all the different reasons why it could have happened, all the different theories, why it could have happened. And then you sort of way each of them based on how compressed they are, how how short they are, how likely they are.


And then that gives you the probability. That kind of gives you the explanation for why that theory happened. Now, Feynman has a very similar and elegant thing in a completely different field where he basically says, if you want to understand why this particle took that path, why did this photon take that path? What you do is you look at all the possible paths that photon could have taken and you sort of wave them. You sum them probabilistically based on how likely that path was.


It's actually the same observation, except one is about photons traveling through space time and the other is about the causality and why an event may have happened and what the theory is behind that. And these are two completely different fields and two completely different characters thinking about two completely different things. And these are very, very fundamental theories in their fields. But deep down, they're actually the same, which to me is fascinating. It's just shows how much of what we look at as complexity actually emerges from a set of very simple rules.


And it's just fascinating. So understanding is a thing to strive for, not the word. So even though you use the fancy words like Suleymanov induction and and Feynman's path, integral theory, whatever the heck it's called, I don't know what the actual name is. The name is irrelevant. It's the concept that's that's fascinating.


You spoke to learning accounting through building a business. Let's segment a business. Your PIN tweet is a tweet storm. So it's a series of tweets, the headline of which is How to Get Rich and then in parentheses without getting lucky. It has, as we record this, forty four point eight thousand read tweets, one hundred and ten plus thousand favorites. We're not going to go through this whole thing. It's quite long, but I'm curious to know what parts of it you think people are paying.


Too much attention to our overemphasis and what parts of it do you wish people would pay more attention to? Because there are many different pieces of advice in this thread.


That tweet storm is a series of principles that I kind of wrote for myself in my head when I was 13. And I was trying to figure out how to make money. And it kind of came with a framework of how to be rich, but not by accident, to do it in a way that I could repeat it over and over. And I would leave very little up to chance, because I think there's kind of this it's not completely mythology, but there's this belief that to make money, you ever have to be born rich or to be privileged or you have to be in the right circles or have to get lucky.


And I think that there are still ways to accomplish the original American dream, which is make money, but do it in a deliberate, systematic way. And when I say money, I mean wealth. I don't mean like a law firm where you make a couple hundred bucks an hour, but you're still tied to the clock. I mean, like when you wake up, when you want to go to sleep, when you want, you know, you live where you want and you have freedom.


So to me, the purpose of money is freedom. And for that you need to create wealth. And can you do it ethically? Can you do it sustainably? Can you do it reliably? Can you do it with people that you like? Can you do it doing things that you enjoy? And I think it's absolutely possible. And I like to think that I'm at least one of many living proof points for that. Warren Buffett and Charlie Munger are examples of others.


Not that I'm in their status of their league, but other people have done it. So that was the whole point of that framework. And the tweet storm, I just wrote it down one day. And it's funny because obviously I have some experience at Twitter, so I know how to craft things. But I think that was written back in the day when the tweet limit was one hundred and forty characters too. So it was harder. But I just woke up one night when I've been thinking about it and I wrote up the whole tweets to almost exactly like you see it.


And there are lots and lots of missing pieces. Like obviously that is just like a very high level, very Zen koan like or haiku like or even Hallmark card like framework. It's missing a ton of details, which I then tried to extrapolate on and my podcast series on the same topic.


What do people overemphasize and what are people missing?


And actually, of all, let me pause to just read a few of them. This is from May thirty one twenty eighteen. So a few examples and you don't have to comment on these specific examples. But just for people who haven't seen this, I want to give them an idea. So the second of these various tweets in this sequence is understand that ethical wealth creation is possible. If you secretly despise wealth, it will elude you. End of that particular tweet and then there's another one.


You're not going to get rich renting out your time. You must own equity, a piece of a business to gain your financial freedom.


That one right there is the most important one, which is you basically in modern life, what happens is like the person who is the best at doing something in the world will get to do it for the entire world through a combination of leverage and distribution, accountability and specific knowledge, all of which I talk about in the tweet storm. If you're the best in the world doing something like if you're the best teacher in the world at math, you should be teaching the entire world math.


If you're the best podcast interviewer, you should be doing all the top interviews and the returns will accrue to you, especially in this highly digital world where we live in where the cost of distributing something is very close to zero.


And so what you kind of want to do is you want to productize yourself into a business and then you want to own that business. That is the way to make wealth. A clear example is a Tim Forrest podcast and the Tim Ferriss brand right here. It's an eponymous brand. Your name is on it. You're leveraged through this podcast and through the books that you write and through the army of followers that you have on the various media platforms. And you're taking on big accountability.


And there's specific knowledge only you know how to be Tim Ferriss The Learning Machine, who can then connect to other learners and extract value out of them and share that with the audience. So that's an example of you having productize yourself, but ultimately you own the Tim Ferriss business. Now you can go lower levels down from that. You don't have to own the entire business. You could be an investor in a public equities or private stocks. You could be a partner in a private business.


You could be an employee of a startup where you have stock options. But if you don't own a piece of a business, you're going to it's going to be extremely hard to get wealthy. It will be nearly impossible, almost not worth that route. So I think that is the most important foundational tweet. I think where people kind of kind of missed the plot the most, though, is we have pain avoidance in life. We don't want to face things where it's clear we made bad decisions because one good definition of suffering is that's the moment when you see things that they clearly are and you don't like what you see.


Like, for example, if you if you and your spouse have been fighting for a long time, you know, you've kind of been sweeping under the rug and you've sort of been suffering along, but you're sleeping on the rug and then you get divorce. At that moment, you can no longer unsee all the damage that was in the relationship and what all the consequences are there. Real, the same way if you haven't been taking care of your health, but then suddenly you find out that you've just fallen off a cliff and something irreversibly bad has happened.


The moment of suffering arrives and you're in pain because of. No longer unsee this thing, you can no longer avoid it. So I think the same way the unfortunate part is that a lot of these principles are written for young people because you can set yourself on a certain trajectory in life earlier. And so, for example, if you went and you got to a Ph.D. in a social science, now, I'm basically saying, hey, learn to code.


You're going to avoid that. You're not gonna want to see that because you have all the sunk cost in the degree. So I think a lot of people don't want to pick up the new skills that are necessary or they don't want to, for example, physically move or they don't want to disappoint the people in the relationships that they already have to make room for new relationships. So everybody wants to start where they are. Nobody wants to go back down the mountain to find the path going at the top.


Everybody wants to stay on the path they're on to make a few tweaks and get to the top. Or like Charlie Munger jokes, people always ask me, like, how do I get to be rich like you except quicker? I don't want to be old rich guy. I want to be the young rich guy. So I think these are the hard parts that the hard parts are not. The learning is the unlearning. It's not the climbing up the mountain is the going back down to the bottom of the mountain and starting over is the beginner's mind that every great artist or every great business person has, which is you have to be willing to start from scratch.


You have to be willing to hit reset and go back to zero, because you have to realize that what you already know and what you're already doing is actually an impediment to your full potential. And most people just don't want to acknowledge that.


And I'm guilty of that, too. That's just human nature. I'm not I'm not faulting anybody for it, but it's just human nature.


Just a quick thanks to one of our sponsors, and we'll be right back to the show. This episode is brought to you by Wealth Front. Did you know if you missed 10 of the best performing days after the 2008 crisis, you would have missed out on 50 percent, five zero percent of your returns? Don't miss out on the best days in the market. Stay invested in a long term automated investment portfolio. Wealth Front pioneered the automated investing movement, sometimes referred to as robo advising, and they currently oversee 20 billion dollars of assets for their clients.


Wealth Front can help you diversify your portfolio, minimize fees and lower your taxes.


Takes about three minutes to sign up and then Wealth Front will build you a globally diversified portfolio of ETFs based on your risk appetite and manage it for you at an incredibly low cost wealth front. Software constantly monitors your portfolio day in and day out so you don't have to. They look for opportunities to rebalance and tax loss harvest to lower the amount of taxes you pay on your investment gains. Their new service is called autopilot, and it can monitor any checking account for excess cash to move into savings or an investment account.


They've really thought of a ton. They've checked a lot of boxes. Smart investing should not feel like a roller coaster ride. Let the professionals do the work for you. Go to wealth front dotcom slash Tim and open a wealth front investment account today and you'll get your first 5000 dollars managed for free for life. That's wealth front dotcom. Tim Wealth will automate your investments for the long term and you can get started today at wealth front dotcom tim.


And if we look at your specific case as it relates to equity, you mentioned owning part of a business, you also mentioned in this conversation, productize it yourself, said, would you view your success in following that principle, predominantly in, for instance, the equity that you own in a company like Evangelist? Or is it the identity and the brand meaning associations that you've built as Narval, the human, or is it investor therefore being sought after as an investor, or is it something else?


How would you think of that principle as applying it most in your own life? Because you've created wealth not just through, say, your equity and changeless, but also through many successful investments. And then, sure, there are other ways that we could identify wealth as is coming from your path, that you know, what I what I like about my path is that I've made money doing a lot of different little things.


So I've made money consistently in sort of small to medium size chunks. I haven't had like one gigantic payday that set me up forever, although it depends on your standards. Right. I'm talking about by Silicon Valley standards, obviously for most parts of the world, I've had many of those gigantic paydays, but they've been consistent and they've been varied, varied in the sense of that.


They're are completely different kinds of investments and endeavors, but consistent in that I get one every couple of years, which would I just want to interject for a second, which would seem to suggest that there is a there are principles guiding your approaches or usability. Therefore, you're not relying on winning the Powerball lottery or that equivalent.


No, not at all. No, there's no lottery here. To win the lottery is for losers. Lotteries are just a tax on people who can't do math. You get rich, get rich quick schemes. Are just other people getting rich off of you. There are no shortcuts. So what I'm doing is I am taking my specific knowledge, which is my ability to understand deeply technical concepts and communicate them to the rest of the world to be an interface between great programmers and developers and designers and the capital markets and consumers, and using that to put myself in a position where then I can identify great trends as they're emerging, invest in those companies or help start those companies, own equity in those things, help bring them to market, help do the strategy and how to navigate the worlds of fundraising and exiting and recruiting and company building cultures and technology development and all that and have a brand around it.


And I use that to kind of make money. And that is just one of several ways. I've also done it by investing early on in public markets and cryptocurrency and starting funds and all kinds of things. But I don't it's funny. I don't really follow my own principles anymore, like the for example, the whole podcast thing and the whole Twitter thing. Even though I've got reasonably good brands and followers and those I'm not monetizing them at all. I'm not charging anybody for anything because I'm not trying to make money anymore.


To me, making money is like you become the kind of person that makes money and you put yourself in long term situations where you're always going to make money. So I have the brand and I have deep relationships with a dozen people who I know and I trust that I can do business with the rest of my life. And they have very high integrity people. They're very capable people and just makes it easy to do things. So I've set up that infrastructure.


Now, the money just kind of makes itself as I go about my life. I don't want to have to work hard. I don't want to have to roll out of bed at a certain time. I don't have to answer to somebody. So I optimize for independence and freedom. I could have made a lot more money by raising a huge fund or joining a big VC from early on or being executed, one of the massive companies in Silicon Valley early on.


But I always optimize for independence. I'm lazy. I wake up at seven, eight, nine, ten. Am I go to sleep at or three am. You know, I don't work a lot of days. Some days I work morning to night, but it's just based on whatever I'm curious about and never want to have to answer to a boss. No one's ever going to tell me what to do. I don't want to order people around.


I don't I don't want to have someone reporting to me and kind of asking me all the time, what do I want? Peer relationships. I want to flow. I want to be able to do business while walking in a forest, talking on a cell phone or sitting in a meeting or in front of a computer or I want to be on a beach. If I don't feel like it. The ideal would be to make money with your mind, not with your time.


So if I can just make one good decision a year, and that makes me all the money that I need for that year and that's perfect. And that's the way it should be, because we're living in an age of infinite leverage. And your judgment just gets multiplied through this massive force multiplier through code, capital, community, labor, what have you. So if you are smart and you kind of know what you're doing, you don't need to work hard.


Working hard is the last, most important thing. You have to pay your dues. You have to put in all the iterations, ten thousand iterations, not ten thousand hours to figure out what to do and how to do it well. But once you know, you don't have to put in the time anymore, use judgment. And the judgment comes from clear thinking. The clear thinking comes from having time to reflect and to pursue your genuine intellectual curiosity.


You'll see that a lot of the great investors, for example, just sit around reading most of the time, or Warren Buffett famously plays a lot of bridge. Obviously, not everyone can be just an investor, although they're becoming more and more democratized. And I've picked something that suits my temperament and particular capabilities. But there's lots and lots of ways to make money if you apply your mind to it. So I don't work to make money. I mean, if I make so much money that I'm donating hospital wings and universities and all that stuff, I overshot.


You know, I'm not trying to have some influence on the world through money. Ironically, I have more influence of the world through podcasts like this. And so making more money doesn't change my life. It doesn't change the world as much as I could by doing other things. So there's not much incentive for me to make money anymore other than just just practicing my craft. Well, let's let's talk about. A few of your your missives missives is probably not the right word.


Yeah, I'm not telling you anything. I'm not trying to persuade anyone of anything. So if people don't like it, some people get triggered on Twitter and they start arguing like, just leave, just don't listen to it.


The one I'm going to read would be a great one for people to get really upset about. Or I would find it comical to to look at the comments. People are upset, but the the line is this. Imagine how effective you would be if you weren't anxious all the time. Why did you put this out? And have you seen highly anxious people become people who experience very little anxiety? Is that something you've seen? But first, why did you put this up?


What was behind it?


And then have you seen anxious people become largely, I guess, other anxious or non anxious people? Most of my tweets are not very deliberate or thought through. What's happening is I've been thinking about some concept for months, years, whatever it's been percolating. And then all of a sudden it'll come to me. It's sort of like once pithy sentence or I'm like, Oh, this is how I will remember this thing. This is how I can distill this down into a pointer for myself so that when I need to make decisions, I can retrieve that whole line of reasoning.


And so where this comes from is basically like everybody. After a certain age, I am taking responsibility for my own happiness and peace and quality of life. And one of the things you learn after you make money is that money doesn't make you happier. It takes care of your money problems. But it's not really going to put you in a place where you're in some kind of bliss all the time. In fact, there's nothing out there that will make you happy forever.


So you sort of have to take responsibility for guiding yourself in such a way that your mental state ends up where you want it. And so I've been working on my mental state and I have you know, working is a big word. I don't I don't even want to say I've been working on it. But I would say my mental state has gotten to a place which is much better than it used to be. And people will often say, well, I don't want to do that because it'll take away my ambition.


I want to succeed right now. And so I've thought about that a fair bit. And is that true or not? Well, certainly for me, in the last few years, since I've become calmer, my effectiveness has gone through the roof and I've been more successful. But it's hard to disambiguate that from. Well, also, maybe you just later in your career, you're in a better position for it, and that's a valid criticism. So one of the things I've been trying to figure out is like would I have been as successful as hard to do the counterfactual, obviously, if I wasn't as anxious?


Because anxiety is comes from fear. It's also a motivator. It makes you get off your butt. And one of the ways to make the anxiety go away, at least until the next piece of anxiety comes along, is to do something about it. So what is the role of anxiety? Well, firstly, I noted that pretty much everybody is anxious all the time. It's a rare human being who isn't anxious and it makes sense. We're alpha predators.


We took over this earth and domesticated or killed all the other animals. And we did that by being the most paranoid, the most fearful, the most angry predators this world has ever seen. So anxiety is built into the core of who we are. In fact, you could argue that all the mind does all day long is fear based scenario planning for survival and then maybe a little bit of greed for replication. So anxiety is at the core level of who we are, but certainly some people are more anxious than others.


There's no question and some people seem to be much calmer about it, so which is more useful for effectiveness. So assuming that your goal is your motivation is intrinsic, you're doing the thing because you love it or because you really want it, then you can separate that motivation from anxiety. Then I think you can take on certain super powers and we kind of all intrinsically know this. Like if you look at samurai warriors like Miyamoto Musashi used in a duel with somebody else, you know that the person with karma is going to win in all those movies.


It's the one who can like who is incredibly still then Swope's with a sword incredibly quickly and then still again that's the winner, the one with a sense of mine. Similarly in the Terminator movies, part of the reason you feel the Terminator is because he's a robot, he's unstoppable, he's implacable. You can't argue with him. You can't communicate with him. You can't make him slow down. And he has no remorse. He just keeps coming. Or in that old Clint Eastwood movie Unforgiven, you know, the guy who wins the gunfight is the one who doesn't flinch.


He's just keeping his cool while he's loading his gun and shooting. He's not, like, all over the place, running around. So I just think we waste so much energy through anxiety that if you can be calm and still go about your business, it's a superpower. And I realize this myself recently where I was in a conflict situation, business was a high conflict situation. It was unfortunate. We I think we've solved it. But as I went through this high conflict situation, I'd been through one like it years before.


I was much more anxious. And I remember that time period.


I remember how much I was sweating it and how nervous I was and how I went through bouts of fear and anger and and how it kind of worked up. I was. The entire time intense and didn't get much sleep, but this time I was incredibly calm and I was almost enjoying it because it was like practicing my craft. And of course, it's easier to do now because I have more money. But at the same time, it just didn't bother me.


It was just very mechanical. And because of that, it could be very effective about it and it could be effective about it. While doing lots and lots of other things. My mind wasn't constantly spinning in a whirlpool, taking on ten different problems and just fear based scenario playing all the time. Most of these things were never going to happen. So I do believe that being calm and still going about your business is the superpower now. Yes. If anxiety is your only motivator, then you have a problem.


But I would argue the pure motivations don't come out of anxiety.


So let's talk about attribution here. To what would you attribute the and I know this, that it's difficult to isolate variables, et cetera. But if let's just say you have a family, so let's just say one of your kids comes to you like dad, I'm suffering from a lot of anxiety. What should I do? Or you observe it and you want to help your kid out. What types of recommendations would you make? Or might you make another question if you prefer?


It is what has helped you to go from the whirlpool experience of anxiety in high conflict experience round one versus Carnivàle in high conflict experience round two.


Yeah, it's really hard to separate all the pieces out. I mean, it comes from a combination of philosophy, yoga, meditation, getting older, having kids. You know, like you. I've I've had some psychedelic experiences, but those are very far back in the past, just a distant memory at this point. But I would say the number one thing that has been very, very important for me is meditation. And it's a stupid thing to say because so trite, everybody just says it now.


But when I say meditation, I don't mean sitting there and watching your breath or chanting a mantra. I mean self-examination and meditation is a great way to do that as self therapy. It's sitting there with your thoughts.


So anxiety, anxiety, anxiety, this pervasive, non-specific anxiety, we just constantly on edge about everything that comes from an unexamined life. You know, I think was a Socrates said like an unexamined life is not worth living. I forget who said that quote. Something like that. Yeah, but it's not all. Socrates, one of the one of the smart philosopher types. But it's correct. It's your unexamined life that is causing the problems. And you can examine it in multiple ways.


You can examine it through. You can have some crazy mushroom trip where it all comes out one night. You could do a lot of meditation sitting there with yourself and letting your mind run crazy and then seeing what's actually in your mind that your mind wants to tell you. And have you listened to and have you resolved that is unresolved. It could be through therapy. It could be through reading lots of philosophy and reflection and long walks. So there's many, many ways to tackle it.


But it's that spending the time with yourself to examine why are you having these thoughts? Think about it this way.


We spend so much time in our relationships, our relationship, our wives, our relationship, our colleagues, our business partners, our relationship with our friends. The most important relationship you have with yourself, it's with this voice in your head that is constantly rattling every waking hour. It's this crazy roommate living inside your mind who's always chattering, always chattering, never shuts up. And you can't control these thoughts. They just come up out of you don't even know where the quality of those quality of your thoughts, where those conversations you're having your head all the time.


That is your world. That is the world you live in. Those that's the world view you have that the lenses you see through. And that's going to determine the quality of your life more than anything else. And if you want to see what the quality of your life actually is, put down the drink, put down the computer, put down the smartphone, put down the book, put down the headphones, just sit by yourself doing nothing. And then you will know what the quality of your life actually is, because that's what you're always running away from.


That's why people, when they try to meditate, to sit down like I hate it, I can't sit still. Why? Because your mind is eating. You live, your life is unexamined, your mind is running and loops over things that it has not resolved. And because they're not resolved, when you run around your normal life, it's not those problems have gone away. It's that they're just they're there, but they're provoking anxiety. And what you think of as the anxiety, that's that's kind of consuming you and you can't identify the source.


That is a tip of an iceberg poking out from underneath the water and underneath the giant pile of garbage of decisions that were made without too much thought of situations that you were in, that you haven't resolved, that you need to resolve of problems that you have or desires that you have that have gone unmet or manifested, or contradictions that you're living in a ways that you which you feel trapped. So proper meditation, proper examination should ruin the life that you're currently living.


It should cause you to leave relationships. It should cause you to re-establish boundaries with family members and with colleagues. Is a. To quit your job, it should cause you to change your eating patterns, it should cause you to spend more time with your selfish because of it, change what books you read. It should cause it to change who your friends are. If it doesn't do that, it's not real examination. If it doesn't come attached with destruction of your current life, then you can't create the new life in which you will not have the anxiety or at least parts of it, not necessarily whole cloth.


So let's ask let's let's dive into meditation, because, as you mentioned, it's a term that is used a lot. And in the minds of most, it is represented by things that you just said you do not do, like the mantra based meditation or following the breath. And you and I have meditated before. I don't know if your approach is still similar, but it is quite a way to talk about trit paradigm shift in a sense, at least in the way that I experienced it alongside you at one point, which was literally doing nothing for extended periods of time.


I don't know if that's still the case, but could you describe the practice a bit? Because it's it was such a burden lifted in a sense when the pass fail is removed. And the experience that I had after, say, a week of doing this twice a day, which is not necessarily what people do in normal life, but was pretty profound.


So could you describe the current practice, which may be different from what I experienced? Yeah, I actually have two different things that I do, and I almost hate calling it meditation because everyone has in their mind a preconceived notion of what meditation is. Listen, I would call it that. I would say that there are two self-examination practices that I do and I don't even call them practices anymore, because sometimes I do them because I feel like them and I enjoy them or because it feels right and sometimes I don't, because anything done routinely sort of becomes its own trap and is not going to get you anywhere.


It just becomes like another spiritual high, another checkbox right now.


Is it fair, though, to say that you're able to opt in and out now because you had a certain front loading period? Correct, doing it consistently?


Actually, I say there are three different things that I do and I'll go through them the first. I just read a lot of philosophy, especially at night time before I go to bed.


Which one? Schopenhauer. Maxim's. Who are we talking about? Yeah, Schopenhauer.


Western philosophy is my current favourite, although I've definitely moved around in that one Eastern philosophy. I'll read everything from Osako. I know he's discredited, been cancelled, but fantastic.


That makes me like an even more Krishnamoorthi and a couple Gupta. Rupert Spira. I mean it's all over the place. Anthony DeMello. He's fantastic actually. Start with one book. Start with Anthony DeMello The Way to Love or his book awareness. They're both really good, but there's a ton of them. I basically read a lot of philosopher Siddartha, my sister's yoga, Bhagavad Gita, the Dalai Ching. You know, I'm always going through one of these books at any given time and usually rereading for inspiration, and I'll read these at night.


Usually there'll be one or two things I'll catch on to reflect on it before I go to sleep. So that is a form of self-examination and it's it's not done because it's a formula. It's done because I'm genuinely interested in these things. So it's not work to me. It's fun. The second thing that I do is which I've been doing for a long time now, is just trying to be aware of my thoughts and not in a, you know, sit there and be like, oh, I'm very aware of my thoughts kind of way.


But just realising that a lot of these thoughts that come up are unbidden, I don't control them. It's not like I decided to have this thought. I don't even know what I'm saying to you right now. It's coming out of my mouth at the same time as I'm thinking it. So where is this coming from? Who is this person? What is this person saying? Is this true? Is it correct? Has it been correct in the past?


Is he just being paranoid now? Is he being crazy? What are his underlying motivations? And I'm not even questioning so much, but more just kind of seeing. And after a while, when you see it, you start seeing through your own voice. You start seeing how you're mainly just justifying whatever the heck you want to believe because it's good for your survival, it's good for your application or it's good for your money. It's going to get you late or any of these various things.


And when you're doing that deflection, is it sitting at a table, pen and paper? Is it have half lotus with your eyes closed? What is. No, it's literally just walking around.


It's just walking around. It's just life. Just just if you say something to me, I'm always going to listen to it with a slightly critical filter because you're external to me. Applying that same filter to my own thoughts gives me a level of peace and distance from them and the ability to see through my own voice, which I think makes my life better. So I've just found that to be a useful way of life. But there are lots of times where I forget to do it.


I get caught up in some emotion, some runaway train of thought. But usually these days I can catch myself and be like, OK, I'm in that mindset again. I'm having that mode of reactions again. And when the mind sort of sees me chattering, it quiets down a bit. Right now, like I said, is that back to that crazy roommate analogy, which I originally picked up from Michael Singer, by the way, he has a book called The Untethered Soul.


But, you know, the room, the crazy roommate analogy. Like, you would eventually tell your roommate to shut up or you tell them to start justifying their claims, or you would at least at some level, you start dismissing them for just kind of rambling all the time and this fear paranoiac mode. So I think just kind of viewing your thoughts as sort of these unbidden things that arise from within you, but aren't really necessarily the whole story and should be viewed with the same level of skepticism that you would apply to an outside observer.


I think that framework is helpful, and if you find it to be true, then you'll find yourself doing it more often if you find it not to be true, if you like. No, actually, I choose these thoughts and I want to have them, and that's who I am. And this all makes sense to me. Then you can stop viewing it with a critical eye that's up to you. But the last one is the one that I think people think of as more traditionally meditation, which is sitting down and meditating.


And on that one, I learned from an Indian gentleman, same insane character you learn from, who had a very simple system. And I just found it the most compelling form of meditation I've ever tried, which is you sit there for 60 Minutes. So unfortunately, a lot less than an hour at a time because it takes 30 to 40 minutes to sink in past the initial chattering. So you get to the good part or the so-called runner's high equivalent and you sit for 60 Minutes every day and you do it for at least 60 days and you do it first thing in the morning.


Then your mind is clear and you're alert and you've had a good night's sleep and you sit up with your back straight and you can use cushions or you can use a chair or whatever. There's no magic position. And just whatever happens, happens. Whatever your mind wants to do, you just let it do. If it wants to talk about it, talk if you want to fight, you light a five wants to be quiet. You let it be quiet.


If it wants to chant a mantra or pay attention to breathing, you can do that. But you don't force anything. You just kind of let it happen. And so you don't fight it. You don't resist it, you don't argue with it. You don't double down on it. We just kind of let things happen. And when you do that for at least 60 days, my experience has been that you kind of clear out your mental inbox and all the craziness that was going on, all the chattering will come out.


Some problems will get resolved. You will have some epiphanies, you will make changes to your life. Some will be self-examination. Some of it you just get tired of. Some of it just needs to be heard once and then it goes away. And eventually you get to a mental state of inbox zero where now you're just thinking about what happened yesterday. You're kind of caught up and your mind is relatively clear and just your anxiety level goes down. You're living more peacefully.


And I've been doing this for about two and a half years now and I've probably missed about a dozen days total. And but there are some days where I've done two hours a day or more. And I will tell you, that is the single most important thing that I do. It is a sheer joy. Much of it is highly entertaining, pleasurable. Sometimes it's just flat. It's nothingness. I can't even tell you why I do it. I can't even tell you what's going on in that state.


But I will tell you that that time spent by myself is the most important time that I have. And thanks to that, I am now much more self-contained. I don't feel like I need other people. I don't need external sources of pleasure or happiness all the time. I drink less. I'm not attracted to trying any drugs whatsoever. It's just life is easier. It's more pleasant. I don't take things as seriously. I'm not afraid of my mortality as much anymore.


I don't fear aging. I don't I don't lust after things. I don't have this constant pervasive need to find something outside of me to make my life better. When the best hour of my day is spent by myself, then the world has very little to offer me and I can still participate in it. But it doesn't have that grip on me that it used to. I don't fear solitary confinement and I think that is a superpower and I think everyone should have it.


Everyone does have it. It's easy. It requires doing nothing. It's your birthright. You can't fail at it. There's no there's no way to fail at it. Literally, all you have to do is just sit down and close your eyes and just just give yourself a break for an hour every day. Just take the time off from the world.


Few follow ups. Krishnamurti, do you have any any favorites of his or anything that you would suggest someone start with if they have no familiarity with Krishnamurti? And I'll second Anthony DeMello also.


Yeah, actually, starting with Krishnamurti. He's a tough one. But if you're going to start somewhere I started with this book called Think on These Things. There's also the Book of Life. He's a very cerebral, very intellectual and a little confusing, but he definitely speaks truth and he walks the walk. Anthony DeMello, The Way to love Osos book the great challenge and what people think of as a fake guru and all that. But he had some real stuff to his very articulate.


He he understood a lot. There's a great clip from him on SoundCloud that says it's called Life Has No Goals, No Purpose. I listen to that one a lot. There's a lot of them out there. Once you start going down this rabbit hole, you'll find them. The classics, the Bhagavad Gita, get a good translation. Steven Miller, I think, is a good translation. He also has a good translation of the doubt. Those are both really interesting.


Again, only if it appeals to you. I mean, there's ancient wisdom in Schopenhauer councils and maxims. You know, these are smart people, self reflecting. But overall, the point is not to read. The point is to inspire so that you yourself can reflect. And a couple Gupta is an accountant, Twitter, he has a couple of great books, Direct Truth is a fantastic book, you know, written very recently and pulls no punches.


But, you know, all of these are basically there to inspire you to self reflect. And if you're not interested in self reflection, if you're not at that stage in life, then don't do it. It's a waste of time. In fact, I would say the reason to do these things is because they make your life better, because they make you more effective, because they have some utility to you. If they do not have utility to you, if they don't make your life better, then drop it useless.


I will also second, the reading of philosophy, and this is not the four kind of idle or abstract like semantic tail chasing. Right. It's it's for whatever reason, on a very pragmatic level, deeply soothing to read the insights and observations of those who are considering things that are not of today, they're not of this week, they're not of this month. They are for much broader periods of time or timeless in some capacity to alleviate some of the manufactured emergency and urgency of the bullshit that is foisted upon us by every possible input.


The news and Twitter so toxic the human brain is not designed to manage every emergency in the world in real time. We're not designed to process all the breaking news on the planet in our heads. And this is one of my recent tweets. But the goal of the media these days is to make every problem your problem. That's how they get attention and how they get clicks. You know, you have tribal wars going on, zombies battling each other, and they want to pull you in where even nonparticipation is not allowed any more.


Neutral bystanders are not allowed. So it's a crazy world out there. There's a circus going on with the monkeys flinging feces at each other. And they want to drag you into the fight, really. But you want to focus on what's timeless, timeless, great. You know, the old questions all have old answers and they're best consumed from the old practitioners because they were very clear minded about it. They weren't busy trying to fit into the politics of this time.


They're fed into the politics of that time, but that's lost to us now. So actually, another great sources, I have your doubts Senecas series inaudible and I listened to it on repeat when I'm working out a lot. So that's a great thing. Yeah. Those letters to Achilleas, amazing, amazing stuff. And every time I go through it, I learn something new.


Yeah. The Tough Sinica, the moral letters to the killers. If people want to look on public domain from on public domain sources, you can find these letters, the moral letters to Luke Filius, also spelled, as you might read, Lucila Use by Sinica. And that's an audio book series that that I produced. And you can find the PDF for free online as well. Let's talk about some brass tacks stuff since I think people will be very interested.


You mentioned monkeys throwing feces, tribalism in times like this. This is being recorded in twenty, twenty and first day of October.


A lot of folks are interested in stores of value.


They are fearful of what could happen and considering investments like gold or cryptocurrency. And I wanted you to explain one of your recent tweets is just from the last few days and it is crypto stable coins. Dasch choose between block risk, censorship risk and fraud risk. What are crypto stable coins and what does this tweet mean?


Yeah, it is backing off for a second. Like, I think cryptocurrency is probably one of the greatest inventions in human history. And the reason why they're interesting is because if you look at the technology industry, technology plays in unregulated spaces. It's very hard for technology to change regulated spaces as Uber and Postmus and companies like that find out. But generally the reason technology works is because it creates its own frontier. It is a digital frontier that has been created, not the physical frontiers are all closed and the new world has been colonized in the Wild West has been tamed.


Where do you go to create new things free of interference and regulation and what kind of exercise? Maximum creativity. And so that's been done mostly in the technology space. And one of the areas that has been protected by technological innovation, from technological innovation is Wall Street, because there, you know, they have regulatory capture, very bureaucratic, you know, the money industrial complex that runs a lot of our economy and runs a lot of Washington, DC, where 20 percent of our GDP goes into financial engineering and into the Wall Street casino.


And so cryptocurrency is are kind of how we get around that. And so they're sovereign resistant. They're designed to be completely decentralized. You don't need the violent power of the state to enforce the value of a cryptocurrency, and it allows for truly crustless transactions between humans without some king or authority or government or corporation having to be in the middle. And so it's very liberating to disconnect wealth creation, wealth storage and wealth protection from the state and the. Cryptocurrency is really enable one second, let me just pause to say that at one point you and I did a very thorough cryptocurrency, one on one conversation with a domain super expert named Nick Zabo Zabo, which people can also find for more on the the history and basics of some of the crypto.


Yeah, Nick is a bona fide genius and a pioneer in the space. He also has a great blog called Unenumerated that I highly recommend. But anyway, so the best known cryptocurrency is Bitcoin and Bitcoin is trying to be the new gold or the new Swiss bank account kind of all rolled into one. It has some advantages as a store of value. It can be stored digitally. So it's hard to seize. It's very easy to verify. Technologically speaking, unlike gold, it's easy to send across national boundaries and electronically over the Internet.


It's easily divisible and verifiable. Down to its authenticity is very verifiable. Where gold is hard to do, it can be divided down to millions and trillions of bitcoin very, very easily. It is somewhat programmable. So you can put it inside smart contracts and you can do some intelligent things with it. So it has a lot going for this store of value. What's difficult about it is it's not really private. It doesn't, although there are parts of it that are private, it's not completely private and it's untrusted.


It's brand new as far as stores of value go, it's only from 2009. And so people don't know if it'll be around forever and how dependent is on the Internet. And people aren't really certain about the proof of work mining algorithm that makes it possible. And can it be hijacked? Can it be centralized? Can they have a bug? Can it break? And every year the Bitcoin survives and goes through one of the various challenges facing it. It gets more valuable as people entrust it a little bit more and more.


But it is extremely volatile. You buy Bitcoin, you're buying a very speculative asset at the moment and you're speculating that it will become digital gold or possibly even, you know, all store of value and so be incredibly valuable. But along the way, there's lots of hiccups. At any point it could break, it could go to zero. And so a lot of people who are now participating in the crypto world, they're building a decentralized Wall Street.


They call it DFI, DFI for decentralized finance. But I actually think it's more like defiles and just defy the government DFI. And so I think we're seeing. Yeah, governments that exactly.


We're we're seeing a whole new casino that's better than Wall Street's spring up and decentralised finance. Unlike Wall Street, this one is twenty four seven open. It's three sixty five days a year. It's available around the world to everybody. It's trus lesson that there's math and algorithms and code underneath that, not Goldman Sachs frontrunning your trades or whatever. Not that I'm saying they do, but, you know, there's flash boys and kind of all that kind of craziness that goes on and you can program it to do things and to make bets or hedges or calls that you just can't even do on Wall Street.


So I think we're building a better Wall Street using crypto currencies, but everyone who participates in that doesn't necessarily want to take on the volatility of these crypto currencies. So we've created these things called stable coins, which track the value of the US dollar so that when you're trading, for example, you can still do it in dollar denominated terms.


And this is a tricky thing, because the moment you're now trying to track some asset in the real world like dollars, then you have to basically peg the value somehow to something that exists in the real world. And cryptocurrency is do best when everything is on the block chain, when everything's electronic and digital and controlled by computers in the cloud. So these stable coins have come along that mimic the value of the US dollar. And the best known ones are Teather USDS, you see, which is Coinbase is coin and and make dye, which is an algorithmically stable coin, but there's no free lunch in life for one second.


Is this should people think it will be a comparable that people might be more familiar with. It's not an index, it's like an ETF. Or how would you think about is there another digital dollars.


These are designed so that you can live in crypto and this is living on a block chain. It's math based code, but really your value is pegged to dollars. So it's not going up or down with Bitcoin. It's just it's just worth a dollar all the time. So if you want to hold a dollar and crypto land, the way you do it is by buying one of these so-called stable coins. But all my tweet was observing is that there's no free lunch.


What you're actually doing underneath is you have crypto and crypto is incredibly volatile and you're trying to convert a volatile asset into a stable asset. So there has to be a cost for that. What is that like the subprime mortgage crisis?




There's no free lunch. So what does that cost? And all I was saying is that the three main categories of stable coins today, they each impose one or more of these costs. And so one cause is fraud risk where people suspect this of Teather, where they actually this thing says it's backed by dollars, but not actually backed by dollars. I don't know if this company has dollars underneath, so you have to kind of take their word for it.


So now you're underneath, meaning they would have actual physical dollars, you would have physical gold, correct?


Yeah. So for every Teather, they assure you they claim to have a dollar somewhere. But what if they don't and you just don't? So you're trusting them and there could be fraud? I'm not saying there is I have no evidence, but that you're basically not back to the trusted third party model that exists and just putting your money in the bank. The second kind is where you're dealing with someone like Coinbase or some company that is well known and trusted and is regulated, but then it's no different than holding normal dollars.


There's censorship risk where if the government says, hey, we don't like this character, seize their bank account, Coinbase can turn off your USDS account and your stable coin is basically seized. You're no longer decentralized and sovereign like you are with Bitcoin. And the last kind of risk is a blow up risk or something like a maker. You know, it's collateralized, but it's collateralized with Bitcoin and Ethereum. And so what they're hoping is that the price of Bitcoin Ethereum won't move so drastically if the peg breaks and you lose money on your so-called stable coin.


It's just it's just an observation. There's no free lunch. And so if you're trying to create this this mythical stable currency out of thin air in what is inherently a very volatile space, you have to pay for it. And people think today they're not paying for it. They're just getting these free crypto stable dollars or the stability aspect for free. But they're not they're either taking on fraud risk or censorship risk or blowup risk or some combination of them.


So if you're advising and this is not financial advice, this is just two friends talking, obviously for informational purposes only. But if if you're talking to a friend who has a fair amount of savings or investable capital and they say, Nivel, I want to do something with crypto, how can I get started or how should I get started?


What do you say to them? Because there is such a broad spectrum of options.


It's still even though it's been simplified a lot, crypto is still quite confusing. It's very complicated for people who are or who are very smart. I would consider it's still quite confused, probably confusing here.


It's a domain of mathematicians, hackers, tech entrepreneurs and a few people who really dig in. But it's still too hard to handle manage, just dangerous. Like I can't hold my own crypto. I have to stick it inside funds and custodians because I'm a known public figure and it's a bare assets. So ironically, I can actually be dangerous.


You don't hold it because you would be I'd be at risk.


Yeah, exactly. That's a better asset. So you don't want to bear a bear or asset. You have to put it inside vaults, you know, the equivalent of the Goldman Sachs in this space. So they're custodians like anchorages. An amazing one. There's Bitcoin, there's Coinbase. So there are these large custodians or coin list, which is a company I helped start who can hold on to your crypto assets for you. But that's not really the point of crypto.


The crypto is to be your own bank. So if the government is coming to seize money or if they're printing lots of it, you can always withdraw your crypto assets from these organizations and you can carry it yourself. You can put on your laptop, which is kind of crazy and risky and hard. You can do it through a hardware wallet, like a ledger or a treasure, which are pretty well known, hardware wallets, where you have a small specific device that's designed just for carrying crypto.


But you have to understand, you're replacing the banking system. You're literally replacing the government, all the guns and the police that back up the banking system. You're replacing all that and all the control that comes with it. So, of course, it's going to require some level of sophistication. You're literally building your own Swiss bank. So it is it is quite complicated where to start. But I don't I don't like giving people buy signals, because if you're going to be a good investor, you also have to have your own conviction because then you'll know when to sell.


If you call me and ask me when to buy, are you going to call me every day and say, should I sell? Should I know?


That's a really, really important right. But you have you have to fundamentally understand it yourself. So I would say first thing is go down the rabbit hole, listen to the interview with Nick Serbo, go online and start reading up on Bitcoin, read up on Ethereum, read up on the privacy coins, cash in general. Learn about the different high level stuff in the crypto space, decide how much exposure that you want, go buy it at a coin list or coinbase or what have you figure out which custodian you want to use.


Put it somewhere safe, probably in the cloud, unless you really know what you're doing. And if you if you really know what you're doing, then you can use one of the hardware while it's one of the off-line schemes. Make sure that it is protected in case that you're attacked or kidnapped or someone comes to your house or steals your computer, you have to cover all those basic cases. So it's not easy, but you're literally creating extra sovereign money.


You're creating money where, you know, if you ever have to flee the country, you know, like the Jews had to leave Vienna back in the nineteen thirties, you're not, like, scrambling for gold. You're you're using crypto. You're not if you're living in some country where they tend to seize all the money, your bank account, then you have unseasonable money. If you're worried about hyperinflation, as we print too many dollars, then you have a hedge against the MMT and all the various excuses that they're going to use to print money.


I mean, the scariest thing that happened in twenty twenty from a financial perspective is both the Republican and the Democratic Party figured out that. We can just print lots and lots of money, and the US has reserved its reserve currency status with the dollar where most of our dollars, I think something like 70 percent are held by foreigners because the trust the reserve currency of the world, they use it for trading oil. They use it for settling international transfers.


They use it just to kind of hide money that used to protect money from their local inflationary authorities. So because of that, when we printed dollars, 70 percent of that inflationary effect is cost is borne by the rest of the world, not borne by us. And so the US government's kind of figure this out and we printed six trillion dollars to fight the coronavirus. And so now both parties can agree that they can just print money to get rid of any problem that they're in.


A great tweet that I saw was somebody wrote that now we know what would happen if aliens would invade the Earth. The Fed would just lower interest rates, the Fed would cut interest rates. Right. And so, unfortunately, this is the situation we're in. So they're going to keep doing that until at some point the the rest of the world throws in the towel and says, you know, this dollar thing is not working for us. And we rely upon is that the European euro or the Chinese renminbi and these other currencies are in worse situations.


But that's not necessarily always true. I think there are well managed currencies like the Swiss franc and the Singaporean dollar. There's also hard assets like gold and crypto and real estate and even the run up in tech stocks at some levels because equities are a tax efficient inflation hedge or relatively tax efficient inflation hedge, because someone like Google can just raise prices and they don't have to hire more people because they're a monopoly. You know, they can lay off half the engineers and the company will work just fine.


So people are realizing this and there is a flight into hard assets to get away from inflation. And crypto is one of the few places where you can really put your money in and defend against something like the dollar, reserving as a reserve currency status. And these are black swans. It's very hard to talk about black swans because obviously, since the dollar became the US reserve currency, it hasn't lost the status even when we went off the gold standard.


But at the same time, the pound sterling used to be the reserve currency, the world, and it lost its status at one point, money to be gold back, and that went away. So it's not inconceivable that will happen. And if it were to happen, then you would basically have the true reckoning. Then our ability to print our way out of recessions would go away. You would probably have an inflationary collapse in the US and you would just see kind of our global economic system start breaking down in those scenarios.


Crypto does really well, assuming the Internet stays up. Right. There are scenarios where the Internet goes down to and then all hell breaks loose and you have golden guns. But we're not talking about that.


Cigarettes and tampons. That's trade for your water. Yeah, that's right. Well, bullets are the ultimate one, right. As we as we also see in twenty twenty what we have five million gun owners in the US, but it just depends how much of a property you are, how paranoid you want to be and how many standard deviations out you want to you want to handle risk. But I think this is the year where a lot of people feel like risks that were inconceivable have suddenly gotten pulled in.


Let me ask a dumb newbie question as a hypothetical. So speaking as someone who I'm a great example of someone who can use words associated with crypto who really has no fundamental understanding.


I'm the I'm the guy pointing at the bird who thinks he's got it all figured out because he's able to name the yellow throated warbler. I don't think I have it all figured out, but let's just say I managed somehow like a thousand monkeys typing out Shakespeare on a million laptops. Given infinite time, I somehow manage to get a bunch of cryptocurrency onto a hardware ledger or a hardware wallet, rather. So I have this thing. US is going to hell in a handbasket.


I somehow manage to get that to fill in the blank. I'll just arbitrarily choose Spain, like Ireland and Spain. I'm like, oh my God, that was so close. Thank God I got out in time. I managed to make it over. How the hell do you buy an apartment or pay your rent or anything like that with crypto when it still feels like the crypto landscape and the tools are kind of computers, pretty graphic user interface, do you know what I mean?


Like, smart people can't quite figure it out.


But what would you how would you if that were two years in the future?


I think that's unlikely.


But let's just say, yeah, for most of my friends, the scenario I recommend is like you go buy it on something like Coinbase list, whatever. You move it into a dedicated custodian, like an Anchorage or a Bitcoin, then you kind of hold it there. Now, if the shit is hitting the fan and you decide you want to get out of town, then you contact your rep there, you move it into a hardware wallet, and then you flee the country or go wherever you're going.


And when you land on the other side, now you have this crypto in your hardware wallet. In theory, you can log into a local crypto exchange, go through their verification processes and upload it. Now you've got Bitcoin that can be traded for cash or you can go find any. The local Bitcoin meetup, people and groups, the enthusiasts, so-called maximalists, die hard believers and the holders, and you can trade any of them Bitcoin for cash.


Now, in the distant future, it's possible that people will just take Bitcoin directly because it is a fungible, high quality, hard asset that can be transported and held like cash. But if you can't do that, you can always find either a local believer or you can find a crypto exchange where you can convert it. The thing that makes Bitcoin so interesting is not that it's necessarily the best technology. It is definitely robustness.


The oggi what makes it really interesting is it has the most diehard believers and because it has the most diehard believers, as long as there's five thousand or fifty thousand wealthy, brilliant people who are just that wealthy part is really important that they will always trade it for you, for trade it with you, for hard assets.


I think recently MicroStrategy started a company, started moving half of its treasury into Bitcoin, and the CEO, Michael Saylor, was quoted as saying something along the lines of, I can't believe people want to sell me Bitcoin. But he figured out what was. And then he was just like, I want to get as much as possible. So here, take pieces of my company, but give me Bitcoin. And there are there are lots of people like him.


There are lots and lots of people like him. And they exist in every major country in the world. And as long as there are believers because it's as much a movement or a religion as it is a currency and what is a currency, at the end of the day, money is just the bubble that never pops. It's just if we all agreed tomorrow that if we all managed to come upon a story tomorrow, that it's not the US dollar, it's actually the euro that is really money than the world with which the euro.


Heck, if we agree that clamshells were money, that the world would switch to clamshells. Now, obviously, their underlying characteristics that make euros and dollars better than clamshells. And so therefore we converge upon those. But if the world were to decide that Bitcoin is better money than US dollars, the world would switch to Bitcoin. It's a story. It's a consensus belief. And the beauty of Bitcoin is that there are these die hard maximalists and I fight with them on the Internet all the time.


They don't like me, by the way. So I've had Twitter battles with them frontin. But I still really appreciate that they exist because they are actually the core of what makes Bitcoin always tradable, always valuable. There's always some guy in some locations somewhere in the world who will give you his house for a bitcoin.


And as long as that is true and I don't see why I would stop being true, because if anything, more and more people are being added to that list every day, it has real value and has redeemable value.


What do you think the conceivable near term looks like with the possible entrance of more institutional investors? In other words, if we see let me ask a better question.


It was very noteworthy and newsworthy when Paul Tudor Jones wrote his memo detailing why he was investing. I think it was something like one hundred million into Bitcoin or Bitcoin like equivalents, some type of crypto equivalent, if not crypto itself. Do you anticipate that more institutions are going to come in, sovereign wealth funds, things like that? And how do you think the the story in the landscape could change over the next handful of years? I think it's inevitable.


Look, Bitcoin and crypto still have risks, right? A lot of these algorithms and schemes are new. Even Bitcoin through is proof of work mechanism. You could argue that it tends to add centralization because it gets managed by these anonymous miners in data centers and data centers of economies of scale. And so it will end up being more centralized and people would like their up and coming competitors like Ethereum. There's privacy issues in the Bitcoin block chain. They can be tracked forever.


So it's not perfect. People talk about quantum computing breaking it. I don't think that's true. I think you can upgrade the encryption algorithm just as well or better. But there are always potential problems, right. Which are not completely resolved. But every time we face one of these reckonings and that problem gets resolved, the value goes up, the story becomes stronger. And so the same way when Paul Tudor Jones or MicroStrategy buy a Bitcoin, the story is becoming stronger.


The set of believers is increasing, the validation is increasing. And now more people can come in and hang their hat on this and say, OK, if Paul Tudor Jones agrees and Michael Silver agrees, then I agree to be in that set of people who believe that this is going to be the new way to store value and wealth. And so now I'm joining their wealth storage scheme and the early people then get rewarded for it. So one way to think about Bitcoin in particular is or even actually any of the cryptocurrency.


It's a Swiss bank account, but it's a Swiss bank account with finite space. And if you want shelf space in that Swiss bank account with finite space, you have to buy out one of the existing holders in that space. So imagine a Swiss bank account that's impregnable. It's a new one. No government can break into it. It's secured by consensus across millions of people using massive computation power around the globe.


And if you want one of the safety deposit box, you've got to buy it from someone who's already there. So as long as the demand for new people trying to get in the Swiss bank account is greater than the supply of people who are trying to get out of that Swiss bank account, then you're going to pay more for that box. And that's what the speculative power of it comes from.


And I think it's going to take a good crisis to really see what crypto is worth.


And actually, so far it's been weird because, yeah, the people as people to have said that crypto failed the crisis test with covid.


I mean, it didn't didn't what it didn't do was it didn't skyrocket. It didn't like go Bitcoin, didn't go to one hundred K as everybody fled the US dollar. But that kind of shows you how resilient the dollar is and how far we are from losing global reserve currency status. But at the same time, it didn't collapse either. Know it didn't go down. It went down briefly as people need the cash to meet various margin calls and loan, but overall stayed pretty stable.


And I would say the number of people who gotten involved in crypto recently as a true wealth protection mechanism is the largest I've ever seen. So I do think that the Holder base has gone up. I don't know if we're going to see, like, real, you know, three thousand or Bitcoin ever again. In my lifetime, we might see zero if something breaks completely. But I don't think we're going to see, like, you know, a bunch of people leaving and losing faith in it.


And that's why it goes to three K Bitcoin tends to hit these highs, then crash back down to a plateau, hang out on a plateau for a while and then go back to a new high. And I kind of feel like we're around the 10k k level. Who knows? I don't wanna make price predictions, but, you know, I feel like there's a stronger base of holders now than there has ever been. So each one of these people comes and validates.


Paul Tudor Jones Validus for other hedge fund managers, hedge fund managers validated for sovereign wealth funds, sovereign wealth funds validated for central banks. Eventually, some country out there is going to say, actually, we inflate our currency too much, our currency collapse. Nobody trusts us anymore. We have to adopt new national currency instead of pegging to the dollar. Let's pick the Bitcoin. Well, let's use Bitcoin or let's use some other cryptocurrency or let's be clever and buy up a bunch of Bitcoin and then announce we're going to use Bitcoin and then Bitcoin will skyrocket.


We're all rich. Right. So I think there are other scenarios where it ends up being a lot more valuable, but it's going to be stumbling steps forward and backward. It's not going to be like necessarily, you know, in one fell swoop until it is by the nature of black swans. You can't predict them. And that happens. It happens suddenly. Look, I had a friend who used to tell me he's now a hardcore Bitcoin. It's funny.


He actually helped write a book on Bitcoin now. But when I first talked about Bitcoin years and years ago, he said, what's the big deal? He's like, if I ever have to flee the country, you know, I just buy Bitcoin then. And I said, yeah, when you have to flee the country, your entire fortune is going to buy you one bitcoin, right. That's the problem. It's supply and demand. So you can't it's like anything else, a store of value.


It's a hedge. You can't wait till the last second. And I do think more and more smart people are coming into it every every single day.


And I think the psychological dynamics of crypto volatility are a lot like a casino slot machine. Right. This variable reward with high variability where you just see things spiking and dropping and then they stay flat and then they spike and they drop in a way that is unlike most equities that you or I would buy in the public markets. Even Wall Street at some level is a big casino with a potential positive expected value in creating some value for society in terms of hedging and liquidity for companies, raising money and so on.


And crypto is doing the same thing. It's a global 24/7, 365 casino where anybody in the world can play. But through decentralized finance underneath, you're actually making loans, you're protecting wealth, you storing it, you're letting people buy derivatives, you're letting people hedge. So all of these things are coming up. We're not have insurance in the crypto markets. We now have lending in the crypto markets. We have shorting in the crypto markets. You know, we have computation going on that requires crypto underneath.


Look, if if two computers are talking to each other, if too many eyes are talking to each other in high speed, exchanging resources to run a company, how are they gonna exchange money? You think they're going to lend us dollars through PayPal or through Fedwire? Hell, no. They're going to use crypto. Crypto is the native currency of the Internet. Of course, the Internet is going to have its own currency. You know, otherwise, like saying like the Internet's going to use email through the UPS, US Postal Service.


It's going to have its own native unchain unwire protocol for communicating data. And so what cryptocurrency is really ah, bitcoin isn't a thing. Bitcoin is not like it is a coin sitting somewhere. Bitcoin is an entry in a what.


Yeah, it's an it's an entry in a virtual ledger.


And that virtual ledger is maintained by tons of machines running across the world. And what you're doing is you're communicating value securely across the Internet with. No third parties in the middle of validating that that is the correct communication, it's done by the entire network at once, and you're communicating and transmitting scarcity and value to the Internet. And that's a new thing. What the Internet gave us before was digital abundance. I can make copies of everything. And that was a very big idea.


I can make one podcast and ship it to everybody. I can make one Web page and ship it to everybody. That was a very big idea and create a huge fortunes and huge revolutions. The same with digital scarcities and equally interesting idea, which is I can only have one of this thing. If Narval has a Bitcoin that Tim first doesn't have that Bitcoin or vice versa, that ability to create scarcity and transmit scarcity and value through the Internet is just as important as the ability to create abundance and transmit that through the Internet.


And so the native language of the Internet in communications and protocols around valuable things in finance is going to be in cryptocurrency, is not going to be any of any other way.


So I want to bring up two more tweets and then we can bring this this to to a close and put a bow on it first. I just want to mention again, and I very rarely do this, but I am very happy with how this discussion turned out.


If people want more of the history and the design of cryptocurrency, which is endlessly fascinating, just Google Nick Zabo SC, a BAEO, and then if you're interested in diving into audio, Narvel and I spoke with them two tweets. These are both from September one I'm going to read just because I agree with it super strongly. And I also have observed you following this advice very well, which is all self-help boils down to shoes long term. Over short term.


I would modify the tweet to say, though all truly effective self-help boils down to choose long term over short term and I mean that be one that is the entire challenge, which is long term thinking gets you long term results.


And I've said this a thousand different ways in business. You want to play long term games with long term people in your modern life and and addictions and kind of just dealing with the avalanche of all the the abundance of things that are thrown at you that are really traps like video games that are trapped there. There's a shadow career that substitutes for your real career or, you know, smoking weed or drinking alcohol substitutes for pleasure through more simple things like sunlight and walks and point substitutes for sex.


And the list goes on and on.


I thought you were saying walking sunlight and porn. I was like, oh, we're talking. Yeah, that's the trifecta.


So the related tweet I had is the modern devil is cheap dopamine. And some interesting people in Twitter point out to me, actually, the ancient devil is cheap dopamine as well. And but in modern times, we've just hyper, hyper accelerated. You know, the modern mind is overstimulated. The modern body is under stimulated. We've just taken all the creature comforts we maximise them to a thousand times. And so literally, all success in life boils down to a variation on the marshmallow test.


Where can the kid, like, hold off in the eating the marshmallow for 15 minutes exchange to get two marshmallows? And the claim is it turns out to be a big predictor for future success, although like many such experiments, I don't think it replicates well. But anyway, so it just boils down to long term versus short term. And if you can just adopt long term thinking in your mindset, you're just going to have a much easier life.


Or as our favorite trainer, Jose Gregorius says, hard choices, easy life, easy choices, hard life. That's it.


Right. So just can you take the long term view and anything? Compound interest applies everywhere. It applies in relationships. It applies in money. It applies in health and fitness. Can you change your habits to read the kinds of books that you think will serve you best in the long term? The foundational books? Can you change your eating habits so that you're eating healthy food as opposed to unhealthy food? Can you create an exercise routine that you can do every day or every other day?


So that is a consistent part of your life.


And so I think a lot of it boils down to just choosing the long term or the short term and all the hacks, the good hacks basically help make the long term choice palatable, or they help inspire you to kind of keep your eyes focused on the long term. So an example is if you're doing something that you love, if you're running a business that you enjoy, it is probably going to be more fun than playing a video game. If you if you come home at night from work and your first instinct is to play a video game, you're suffering at work, you're working just as hard in the video game.


But the rewards are all fake because they're going to change the rules on you or some 13 year old kid on the Internet will destroy you because they just play that video game all day long. And I used to be a hardcore video gamer. I had a lot of fun doing it. And I did learn playing games for sure. But at this point, this age, I pick up a video game.


I'm doing it to get away from suffering and I'm not really getting anything out of it. I could play the video game of investing or I could play the video game starting companies, or I could play the video game of go and play tennis. And that would be good for my health. So it's. Good to find. So I think a lot of it is about finding the thing that you can do that is fun for you, that looks like plate, that feels like play to you, but looks like work to others that you can do that sustains you for the long term.


So, for example, in foods which you want to find is you want to find what is the health food out there that other people consider healthy and as nutritionally healthy profile. But that I find tasty because if I can create those foods, if I can become a good cook and create great foods that I enjoy eating and I'll like them and I can eat them regularly, but they're actually super healthy. That's amazing. That's a heck now. And I'm eating for the long term, but I'm not giving up too much of the short term pleasure.


The same way of being in a good relationship is is going to be watching porn and having a good career or working enjoyable job or hacking on some code that I enjoy is going to be far more productive than playing a video game. I don't want to sound preachy, but I will just say that as my love for reading came from another one of my tweets is Read what you love until you love to read. So just fall in love with the idea of reading itself.


So it's OK to read the junk food stuff, just fall in love with reading and eventually get bored of the simple stuff and you'll go to the more interesting stuff. And I love to read enough that I don't like watching TV. I don't watch movies. You know, people start talking about shows that they're watching on Netflix or what have you, and I give them this empty look. I don't watch shows on Netflix or not interesting. It's far more interesting to me to go for a walk and be meditative and I'll be in a very happy place or to read a book which will be intellectually stimulating.


And sure, once in a while I'll watch a movie with friends or with my wife. But it's a social thing. I'm doing it as a way of kind of sort of being on the same common ground as them. I'm not I would never watch a movie on my own unless maybe I was trapped in like a 15 hour airplane flight and I was really bored and I run out of everything else to do and I just want to zone out.


Even then, I want to go watch a movie anymore.


So I just feel like a lot of it is like finding the facts, finding the things that make the long term feel effortless to you and then you win.


OK, last last question. First, a recommendation. If you ever do decide to watch something before we finish that topic, very important.


People find the people that doesn't take work to be around the best relationships don't feel like work. You make the other person happy being yourself. They make you happy by being themselves. Everyone's honest. No one's putting on an act. They can't carry on for the next decade. Same thing with friendships. You know, the best friendships or friendships that were formed or nothing. It's not because you went to school. It's not because you study done the same thing.


It's not because you're working together. It's not because you enjoy rugby or whatever. It's because your chemistry matches, your temperament is similar. And so you can be friends with this person for thirty years. Fifty years. So the compound interest and relationships part, ironically, means that the best relationships, whether friendships or family or love, are the ones we don't have to work too hard at them. So you'd have to sustain that workload for the rest of your life and you can do it effortlessly.


Yeah, totally. Well, one of the one of your quotes that I think of often, and I might be paraphrasing this is if you want to avoid conflict, rule number one is avoid people who are constantly involved with conflict. Right. I mean, something along those lines.


I mean, for example, when you're in a relationship, just watch how the other person treats their worst enemy, because eventually they'll just redefine you as enemy and you'll get to feel that behavior. So I think the number one criteria I look for in a in a relationship is that person has to be kind. They just have to be a nice person.


And because eventually they'll will in a certain context, you can always be reclassified from friend to enemy. So you just want to see the boundaries of someone's ethics. If you see someone being bad to a server or someone engaging in unethical behavior or suing other people or fighting other people all the time, it's only a matter of time before they fight you. So just stay away from these high conflict people. Everyone has conflict. No one is clean. But that said, like, there are definitely people who engage in conflict and do it regularly and they make it a part of their lifestyle, just walk away.


It's not worth plenty. You've met people who are low conflict and easy to get along with low conflict, low maintenance, who can also be brutally candid when necessary. Right. Which doesn't equal a conflict.


Well, one thing I've noticed and I haven't written the tweet on this because I've had a hard time figuring how to say it, but the people that I want to spend time around these days, when I look at what the common characteristic is, they're highly self-aware. They're very, very aware of themselves. They're not running on autopilot. They don't get angry easily. They don't get unhappy easily. They don't take themselves too seriously. They have a certain separation from their own thoughts and personality that prevents circumstances and their personality from overwhelming them.


They don't have a victim mentality. They're not caught up in some story of what happened to them when they were younger. They've had those issues for sure, but they've just gotten past them and been like, I don't want to be that person. I want to be trapped in that mindset. They're not trying to signal all the time how important they are or who they know what they've done, virtuous, somehow virtuous.


They are the virtue signalling or bigotry hearing. They have low egos. Generally, I can literally plot on a line the more self aware somebody is again into, the more attractive that there are to a large number of people. And to the degree that I've achieved any modicum of fame and fame as a trap and I'm going to pay for this, I know I will pay for this, but any modicum of fame that I have achieved, I think, is because I am one of the few people who has been successful in business that thinks out loud in public.


And because I'm willing to think out loud in public, that's a risk that I take on that improves my thinking. But other people say, oh, yeah, he's somewhat self-aware, he's thinking about himself. And I think that helps inspire other people to also say, OK, it's OK for me to think about myself. And I just I just find hanging around self-aware people is a lot easier than people who are running on autopilot, almost like NPCs.


Northparkes, what does that mean on characters? It's a reference to certain kinds of video games where a computer control character right there.


All right. So speaking of games, this is this is the final tweet. The podcast is final, but here it is.


The reason to win the game is so that you can be free of it. And my questions about this are a little more time. The reason to win the game is so that you can be free of it. I would be curious to know what game you are free of or what game you're playing so that you can be free of it.


I like to think I'm free of almost all the games at this point. What are the games? All of life is games, right? You start out with the family game. You do the school game, the grades game, the getting girlfriends and boyfriends game, the getting married game, the having kids game, the the making money game, the having the career game, the getting famous game, the dressing well give you know so much with social games.


There are a few that are not games like meditation you're not doing. If you're scoring points and meditation you're doing it wrong. Yoga, these are singleplayer games. Right. So it's really the multiplayer games are the ones that suck you into society and into anxiety. Now you kind of have to play them. You have two choices towards peace in your life. One is you can play these games and you can win them. And when you win them, this is the hard part.


Realizing you've won and stop playing new ones are setting new goals for yourself that are even higher and higher. It's like my friends who have made so much money and they continued. All they trying to do is make money and they don't seem very happy about it. It's fine if they're happy, if they're like Elon Musk seems like he's having a grand old time, that's fine. But if it's making you miserable and you continue doing it and you only have one life and you kind of can't see past that, then I would argue you're playing the game too far.


So there's kind of two ways out of the trap. One is not wanting something is as good as having it right. I think it was I said this on Twitter. I thought it was really good for a reason, Socrates quote that I retweeted where he was taken to the story as he was taken to a market back in ancient Greece. And it was full of luxurious and fine items. And he said there are so many things that I do not want.


And it was he looked at all these fineries that so many things here that I do not want. And I thought that is freedom. That is power that is self-contained. That is a person who has found himself and needs nothing outside of himself that is so inspirational. So the same way I look upon the world and I say, well, I could just say that you can't just say that if I just said there are so many things that I don't want, it's not true.


I want the money. I want the girl, you know, I want I wanted the fame or I wouldn't have gone on podcasts and I wouldn't be on Twitter at some level. That is true. So obviously, there are certain things that I want. I'm not a monk, I'm not a I'm not living in an ashram. But what I can do is I've gotten the things that I want and I'm careful not to want more. I don't want more fame.


I don't want more money.


Or if I get it's finds part of the crafts, part of the bonus, you know, so I have to be careful about what I am, but not unconsciously taking on new desires. If I'm taking a new desire, I better go fulfill that. So these are all just games that I'm playing and you got to play some game. You're on this planet, you're alive. You might as well play something. Now, the question is, what game do you play and how do you get out of the game?


So you're not just trapped playing that game forever. And one way as you choose your games very carefully, if you're a monk, you only choose very, very few games to play or you play no games and you live content, blissful, harmonious, peaceful, or the other is you play the game and you win it.


And then you say, I am now free of this. So what that to you is that tweeter's the reason to play the game. The reason to win the game is to be free of it. It's a reminder to myself that for the games that I've won, it's time to let go of them and to be free of them and not to unconsciously double down by comparing myself to the Joneses and continuing to level up and level up and level up and level up.


And then one day you die and then you're like, OK, that was pointless. Like, you know, I did all that work. For what? For nothing.


So if you're not enjoying it anymore, if you've already won the game by the definition you had when you started playing the game and one hack to set that definition early on so that when you go past it, you know, you won to not get trapped into playing this game forever and just living in some anxious future as opposed to actually enjoying yourself in the present. You have to know when to stop playing the game. And so to me, the reason to play these games is to win them.


And then you can be free of them and just see what else then that you want to do or not do not to keep playing the same game forever, because these games are the adult games are very cleverly designed. You can keep playing them infinitely and they're all ups and downs and ups and downs. And I guarantee you, every time you get money, you'll be afraid you're going to lose it, are going to compare it to the next person who has it or every time you get famous.


Now, that's that's a that's image that you have to live up to. And now insults can hurt you and now you don't have your privacy anymore, as you've written about. So all of these games have downsides or if you're very good at dating, you have a lot of men and women in your life, then you're also going have a lot of relationship trauma and you've got a lot of tumultuousness and a lot of hurt people. You got a lot of emotional drama in your life.


So you just have to kind of realize when you've won the game and say, I'm done with this.


So I would aspire to be like Socrates and say there are so many things in this world that I do not want. And I like to think that I'm kind of there for the most part, either I don't want it or I have it. Now, of course, the fear of losing it, which is always there. But I don't want to pick up new desires unconsciously and I don't want to keep upgrading my lifestyle and my expectations to match my circumstances.


Otherwise, I'll be on this treadmill forever.


We are all playing games and the key is knowing which game you are playing so you can at least attempt to consciously choose the game. Finite and Infinite Games by James Karass. An interesting read and I just want to close with and then you're certainly more than welcome to add in closing comments, but a quote that really makes me think of you.


It's one of my favorite quotes from Feynman, Richard Feynman. Once again, here's the quote, the first principles that you must not fool yourself and you are the easiest person to fool. I love that quote.


I love that quote. I read it when I was nine or ten years old, and I've never forgotten that it is so important.


And none of us are perfect. We all have flaws. We all have weaknesses. We all have vices. Or I'll speak for myself. Certainly that's true of me.


But universal, as much as anyone else, perhaps more than anyone else I know, have gone to great lengths to become self aware. Furthermore, and this is, I think, one of the distinguishing characteristics for me that you are present becoming self aware and spending time on the timeless while also reserving the right with competency to be a very high level operator in the real world. Right. Because you can be not of this world by opting out completely and go into a world of introspection, but in truth, lack the resilience and emotional awareness to interact with any type of real stressor.


Which doesn't appeal to me, certainly. And you can be so engulfed by. Being in the world, that you lose self-awareness, you stop realizing that you're playing certain games, you become addicted and self-identified with things that come from sort of consensus reality. That's also not appealing. But you have managed in a way that I find fascinating to combine the cultivation of self-awareness with operating in the world at a high level.


I wouldn't say I'm not really there yet, but it gets a little easier every year. Like the famous quote is a brilliant one. He's right. We fool ourselves all the time. And I still fool myself all the time because I still have strong beliefs and opinions. For example, even though I don't tweet a lot about politics, I do have strong political opinions and that is a form of fooling myself because politics is a man made game. It doesn't really exist in the real world.


There's no notary's aware of politics and I do, even though I don't like to. Even some of my beliefs are filtered and lined up in one based in my chosen media sources and whatnot. So I fooled myself all the time. But just if you can fool yourself a little bit less, then you can navigate reality much better. It doesn't take a lot. Most people are just living very unconsciously on the unexamined life. So it just gives you kind of a leg up.


And I agree with you in that you can always check out of the game and it's easier that way. But then you're fragile, right? You kind of build resilience by working out hard. And it's hard to be calm until you have lost a lot and want a lot. Like you have to see the ups and the downs and the ups and the downs before you get tired of the dopamine chase and you sort of realize like, OK, this is done, but eventually there'll be an up or there's not.


It'll be a down. I know how this game works. So one of the things I've been tracking recently is I've been trying to kind of make a list of what are the activities that are sort of non dual in nature that don't create their own opposite down the road. So chasing money does create anxiety and suffering down the road as you compare and you win, lose or so on. You know, chasing fame also has its downsides where you can open to insult and attacks and being cancelled and whatnot.


So what activities are intrinsically true in and of themselves and are kind of are a free lunch? And so those include things like meditation, yoga, creating art, playing, reading for fun, not necessary for knowledge or education, writing, journaling.


You can even be building a business as long as you're doing it for the craft of it, for the flow of it, not necessarily for a given outcome. Well, that's hard to do that, at least externally. It seems like Elon Musk is doing that. He is building rockets to get to Mars, not to make money or to be famous, although he's doing he's getting of byproducts. So I think that this whole not fooling yourself, paying attention to yourself, not taking yourself too seriously, examining your own thoughts from first principles and kind of doing activities that are intrinsically for you as opposed to for the external world, they just make your life better.


I'm not doing these things to be a stoic sage. Honestly, one of the downsides of the Stoics is they don't look like they were having a lot of fun. I still like that right now. Obviously, a lot has been lost in translation.


I know they had their Victorian's and they had their orgies and whatnot. But just at least the way a modern projected and this is one of the reasons why I do like OSHA. You know, people give OSHA a lot of flack and they should he was a little crazy in some ways, but he was having fun. He had a good time.


And, you know, you're alive. You got one very short life. When when your life ends, it goes to zero. It's to you. It's indistinguishable from your perspective. Your death is indistinguishable from the end of the world. As far as you're concerned, the world has disappeared because when you came into existence, the world appeared. When you go out of existence, the world disappears. And that is so consequential that it makes the rest of your life inconsequential.


And that is a form of freedom. And so you should enjoy yourself. You should not suffer in this life. If you are just constantly suffering, then figure out how to get out of that suffering. If you can't get out of that suffering, then figure out how to redefine your internal worldview so that you don't necessarily view it as suffering any more than the extent that you need to to get out of it. These days, we borrow a lot of suffering on behalf of other people.


A lot of people want to be a little Christ carrying crosses.


For others, it's a miserable existence. You're actually not doing them any favors either. You carrying their cross isn't making their life any better. The better way is for you to be happy and successful and healthy and then go save them, like literally save them physically, not necessarily just sit around suffering for them. Or at least that's the life that I choose to live. I'm going I'm going to end with one story. There was a guy that I met in Thailand, Creg, his last name, but he used to work for Tony Robbins.


And I met this guy and we were on vacation in Thailand. And he was just the happiest person. He was just happy all the time.


And he. They seem to be able to laugh it off, and as far as we know, he had a good life, he had stuff going for him, but it wasn't like, you know, he had this incredibly enviable life where you would drop everything and move to Thailand and doctors to an OK life. But he was just happy and not in a forced way. But he was genuinely happy. And so I asked him, I said, look, you know, what's your secret?


Why not? And he said that he used to work for Tony Robbins and used to fly around setting up events for Tony. And he was always sitting in the front row and taking notes and setting things up and learning and listening. And he just kind of started seeing through his own internal B.S. He got to this point where, like you said, like he was he was fooling himself into unhappiness. And he just decided one day he said, you know what, I have no responsibility to anybody in this world other than me or if I do have responsibilities, kind of weight of responsibility that goes on like, oh, I need to live up to some imagined self.


What he realized was he said, somebody in this world, somebody has to be happy all the time. That is somebody's job to be that role model for people in the world.


That might as well be me. I'll be that guy. I'll take on that burden. And he decided to be the happy one. And I just thought that was simple and brilliant and he did it live.


So, you know, I want to be that guy who is successful, peaceful, happy, enjoying life, blissful, meditative, spiritual, successful and as healthy as I can be and famous and rich and not give a damn about any of it. So if I lose it all tomorrow, I still want to be happy. That's it. That's where I want to be. And I'll just make that decision because somebody has to be that person. It might as well be me.


I love it, man. Navel rather can't otherwise known. OK, novel rough but novel cut at Devall on Twitter and a V a L and he has the podcast of course, Naval and Naval. You can find that anywhere you find your podcast, the blog. And I've thought a well previous conversations we've had we've had quite a few to search Nivel on the website Tim blog forward slash nivel. Anything else you would like to add. Any other resources, places people can say hello on the Internet.


Recommendation's asks of the audience level.


I'm mostly on Twitter. Eric Torgersen recently put out a book which had a bunch of my sayings called The Almanac of Nevada. It was very nice of him. I don't make any money off of it. It's free on the Internet. You can just download it, I think. Enough Almanack clever little turn of phrase. Yeah, I think, I think that's it. We'll see you on the interweb. You know, I wish everybody has a wealthy, healthy and happy life.


Like go get it. Thanks so much to all for taking the time, this is awesome. And to everybody listening, thank you for tuning in. And until next time. Don't fool yourself.


Sit down, spend some time with your mind and don't be too hard on that roommate in your head.


Hey, guys, this is Tim again. Just a few more things before you take off. No. One, this is five bullet Friday. Do you want to get a short email from me? And would you enjoy getting a short email from me every Friday if that provides a little morsel of fun before the weekend and five? Black Friday is a very short email where I share the coolest things I've found or that I've been pondering over the week that could include favorite new albums that I've discovered.


It could include gizmos and gadgets and all sorts of weird shit that I've somehow dug up into the world of the esoteric as I do. It could include favorite articles that I have read and that I've shared with my close friends, for instance. And it's very short. It's just a little tiny bite of goodness before you head off for the weekend. So if you want to receive that, check it out. Just go to four hour work week dotcom.


That's four hour work week dot dotcom all spelled out. And just drop in your email and you will get the very next word. And if you sign up, I hope you enjoy it. This episode is brought to you by ship station. The holiday season is fast approaching and we know the people will be buying more stuff online than ever before. All of these trends to e-commerce have been accelerated due to covid and much more. If you're an e-commerce seller, are you ready to meet the demands of record breaking online shopping season?


Be ready with ship station. Ship station. Dotcom is the fastest, easiest and most affordable way to manage and ship your orders. In just a few clicks, you're managing orders, printing out discounted shipping labels and getting your products out fast. Happy holidays for you and your customers. Ship station takes the hassle out of holiday shipping no matter where you're selling on Amazon, Etsy, your website via Shopify or other platforms. Ship Station brings all of your orders into one simple interface and ship station works with all of the major carriers USPS, FedEx, UPS, even international.


You can compare and choose the best shipping solution every time, and you can access the same postage discounts that are usually reserved for large Fortune 500 companies. It's no wonder that ship station is the number one choice of online sellers. And right now my listeners, that's you guys can try ship station free for 60 days when you use offer. Could Tim just go to the homepage ship station dot com, click on the microphone at the top of the homepage and type in Tim.


Tim, that's it. Go to ship station dotcom then enter offer good temp ship station dot com make ship happen. This episode is brought to you by Tonle Toenail. I'm super excited about this one and I was skeptical of it in the beginning. Total quote, Total is the world's most intelligent hajim and personal trainer, end quote. That's the tagline from their website, folks, to give you the one sentence summary. And this device, it's really a system is perfect for anyone looking to take their homework out to the next level or someone who just wants to get maximum bang for the buck.


In a tiny, tiny footprint, space total is precision engineered to be the world's most advanced strength studio and personal trainer. It uses breakthrough technology of all different types to help get you stronger, faster. I was introduced to talk about three different friends. All of them are tech savvy. One of them is a former competitive skier. He's doubled his strength in a number of units using total, even though he has a long athletic background. And I'll paint a picture for you by eliminating traditional metal weights, dumbbells and barbells, Total can deliver 200 pounds of resistance, which doesn't sound like a lot, but it's actually feels like a lot more at the high end in a device smaller than a flat screen TV.


And you can perform at least one hundred and fifty different exercises. And these different technologies are exclusive to tone. And you can dial weights up and down with the touch of a button, one pound increments using magnets and electricity. So the movement is extremely smooth. And even though I have a home gym already in my garage, I'm still getting a total installed. I use total for multiple workouts now to do things I just cannot do in my home gym, such as the shopping lift exercises from the four hour body, all sorts of cable exercises that would usually involve much, much bigger piece of equipment centric training.


For instance, you can do to give a simple example, bicep curls where you are lifting, let's just say twenty pounds in each hand up. And then that total will automatically increase the weight because you can lower more than you can lift to say twenty five or thirty pounds on the way down. And I do a kettlebell swings, I do all sorts of deadlifts. This, that's the other thing. And after one workout Octonal focusing on pulling I was blasted for a full week.


It's really incredible what you can do with these Centrex. They also have all sorts of other really, really cool advantages that you can apply to any of your favorite units. Total learns from your strength and provides suggested weight recommendations for every move the detail progress reports to help you see your strengths grow a little also has a growing library of expert led workouts by motivating coaches from strength training to cardio. So you can do really just about everything. Every program is personalized to your body using artificial intelligence and other aspects of the engineering and smart features.


Check your form in real time, just like a personal trainer. So try it out tritone or at least check it out. Watch the videos on YouTube and see if you can pick out a familiar voice. It's not me, I'll say that, but tritone all the world's smartest home gym for 30 days in your home. And if you don't love it, you can return it for a full refund. So visit Tonle dot com for one hundred dollars off of smart accessories when you use promo code.


Tim Tim at checkout. That's what he owned. AOL Dotcom promo code. Tim, total beef. Your stock.