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President Trump is expanding the list of cities where he is sending federal agents. Yeah, and he says their aim is to help police with murder investigations, not to arrest protesters. Is that really true?


I'm David Greene with Rachel Martin. And this is up first from NPR News.


Millions of unemployed Americans are getting an extra six hundred dollars a week to make ends meet. But the program will be ending soon.


There's debate in Congress about what the next phase of Kofod relief should look like as the pandemic drags on. Can lawmakers agree on what is needed? And California now has more coronavirus cases in total than any other state.


A sober reminder of why we are taking things as seriously as we are.


What's it going to take to get the pandemic under control there? Stay with us. We've got the news you need to start your day.


Support for this podcast and the following message come from Integrative Therapeutics, creator of Physicians Elemental Diet, a medical food developed by clinicians for the dietary management of IBS, IBD and s IPO under the supervision of a physician. Support also comes from First Republic Bank experience, personalized banking from the comfort of your home with their redesigned first Republik mobile app. Visit First Republic dot com slash digital to learn more member FDIC Equal Housing Lender. President Trump has now confirmed his plan to send federal agents to Chicago.


That's right. This is part of a program called Operation Legend, which will send federal agents and money to support local and state police in cities that the president says are plagued by violent crime, including Albuquerque and Kansas City. But the president's main focus has been Chicago.


This bloodshed must end. This bloodshed will end. We've got NPR's Cheryl Corley with us from Chicago with more.


Good morning, Cheryl. Good morning. So this program is called Operation Legend. Can you explain what you have been able to learn about it?


Well, Operation Legend brings federal law enforcement agents to this city to assist the local police who are fighting crime. It's only been in place for a short while. The trumpet ministrations in agents to Kansas City. Earlier this month, because of an increase in shootings there, the program's named after a four year old boy who was killed by gunfire while he was sleeping. His relatives were at the president's announcement. And this expansion will send about 200 agents from the FBI, Homeland Security and other agencies to Chicago, more than 30 to Albuquerque.


And they're also going to receive grants that will be used to hire more police. President Trump, as you said, said he had to take this step because he had no choice. He talked about mayors that he called extremists and the push by activists and others to defund the police, which he says has caused a shooting explosion. And he often points to Chicago as an example, and he did so again during the announcement.


Perhaps no citizens have suffered more from the menace of violent crime than the wonderful people of Chicago, a city I know very well.


You know, overall crime is actually down in Chicago as it is in much of the country. But murders and shootings have been a big problem and have been on the rise.


So let me get this straight. Cheryl, we saw what happened in Portland, right? Like these federal agents on the ground, they would arrest people without cause sometimes and put them in unmarked vehicles. I mean, is that what this is going to be, even though the president says it's about helping local police forces? Are we going to see a repeat of what we saw in Portland?


Well, Attorney General William Barr says no. He says they'll be engaged in classic crime fighting. And he says that's what's been happening for years with federal task force. And that's not what's going to go on. Here's what he had to say.


These are street agents. They're investigators who will be working to solve murders and to take down the violent gangs.


He said they'll be working shoulder to shoulder with local and state law enforcement and nothing like what you see in Portland. Huh. So they're saying this is about gang violence, not the protesters at all. It's just absoluteness. And they say they're fighting crime, that this is not about protest at all. Huh.


OK. So what about Chicago's mayor? Lori Lightfoot? How's she responding to all this? Well, she and the president have been loggerheads for quite a while. But even so, she seemed guardedly optimistic. Here's what she had to say.


If those agents are here to actually work in partnership and support of gun violence and violent cases, plugging into existing infrastructure of federal agents, not trying to play police in our streets, then that's something different. And that may add value.


And she says she is open because she has a close relationship with Chicago's U.S. attorney who will be overseeing the project.


And we don't know how long any of these federal troops will be on the ground in Chicago either. Not yet. NPR's Cheryl Corley. Cheryl, we appreciate it. Thank you. You're welcome.


All right. Millions of unemployed Americans are relying on their unemployment checks to pay the bills right now. That's right. But that help is about to run out. And Republican senators and the White House have now reached a tentative agreement on a next corona virus relief bill. But the question is, can they get Democrats on board?


And also, what will this mean for businesses, schools, communities who are also looking for relief money?


We've got NPR congressional correspondent Kelsey Snell with us this morning. Hi, Kelsey. Hi. Good morning. All right. So no small feat. Republicans have now agreed they're on the same page because there had been some divisions. What are they pushing for?


Well, we know that they have agreed on part of the bill. They came out of a meeting last night with the White House chief of staff, Mark Meadows and Treasury Secretary Steven Manoogian saying that they had agreed on one hundred five billion dollars for schools. Now, they did not mention those big ticket items like unemployment insurance and direct payments. The we are told that agreements are coming from different committees. Now, when it comes to the schools, it's meant to start as a starting point for bipartisan talks on a final bill.


They are talking about 30 billion dollars for colleges and universities, 70 billion dollars of work, K through 12 education and five billion dollars for governments to allocate as needed. What I think is really interesting is that half of the Kaser 12 money is to be set aside for schools that reopen for in-person learning in some way so other schools would get the other half. But there's a real focus on getting kids back into schools. And while we're talking about an agreement, I'd like to remind everybody that nothing is decided on Capitol Hill until everything is decided.


We are expecting to see bills. But I wouldn't be surprised if there are a few more hiccups along the way.


So let's talk about the fractions within the party on this. Why did it take so long? You know, there are differences over those big ticket items like unemployment insurance, like the payroll tax deduction that the White House is pressing for, that Republicans on Capitol Hill largely don't like. And there's also worry about the overall cost of a bill. Republicans had said they wanted to keep this all to about a trillion dollars. Democrats are talking about three trillion dollars.


You know, and there's a serious difference of opinion between vulnerable Republicans like Cory Gardner in Colorado or Susan Collins in Maine, who've been calling for money, for testing money for state and local governments and other really expensive elements and more conservative members who are talking to the White House and who want to keep this package as small as possible. Remember, Democrats already passed that version, that three trillion dollars. And this is Republicans coming out with they're kind of starting point with the way that they want to begin negotiations.


This is not what we expect the final bill to be.


So Republicans want one trillion. Democrats want three trillion. Do they just settle on to college?


You would think that that would be an easier route, but I doubt that that will be the way they do things. That's not how it works typically with Congress. They don't take the easy route.


We saw in previous negotiations that these divisions meant Democrats needed to provide the votes to get the legislation over the line. And Democrats know that they're willing to drag out talks or they were in the past and they've refused to secure agreements to get priorities like that. Six hundred dollars in extra unemployment. So the real negotiations are yet to come.


Meanwhile, all these people just kind of living in this uncertainty, not knowing if they're going to still get their unemployment checks that they need. NPR's Kelsey Snell, thank you. Thank you.


All right. Early in the pandemic, California's governor, Gavin Newsom, told the state that it had bent the curve. Now it's reported more cases than any other state, including New York.


Yeah, we should remember, Californians were very early adopters in the lockdown efforts. State officials have been taking what they call a science and data driven approach from the very start. So why can't California seem to get these outbreaks under control now? We've got Nate right with us.


He's been following the situation in California. Hi, Neal. Hey, good morning, Rachel. What happened? I mean, how did California get to this point? Things seem to have been going well at one point.


Yeah, you know, I think that's a question a lot of people in California are asking themselves at this point. And I'll give you a pretty simple answer to what's undoubtedly a more complicated situation, and that is that places opened up back too soon. State and local officials here have basically admitted as much that after being the first state in the country to do these statewide stay at home orders, they eased off of those restrictions too soon. That's how you go from a bent curve to the spike that we're seeing now.


And, you know, look, the numbers are jarring, 13000 new cases in a day, more than 400 and 13000 total cases in the state alone, more than any other state. But I think it's important, remember that California also has more people in it than 21 other states combined. So more people, more cases. Right. The concerning thing here is that positivity rates, you know, that is the percent of people who are being tested that do have Koven 19 have also been going up only by a couple of decimal points.


But that's still been an area of concern.


So what's going to happen? Is the governor going to revert to another lockdown? What's the plan? Well, that is a very good question. I think it's important. Remember to hear that, you know, California's already in a sort of let's call it a semi's shut down. Gavin Newsom, the state's governor, has called it hitting the dimmer switch on reopening. So, you know, dining, indoor dining is is barred and a lot of parts of California gyms are closed.


And yesterday in his press conference, Gavin Newsom basically said, you know what? A really simple thing people can do here are the simple activities that we all are pretty familiar with at this point. We could wear a mask, maintain social distancing, do our activities outdoors.


We have agency. We can shape this conversation. We can shape the future by our specific decisions. And that is my hope and intention, is that we bend the curve as we did the first time in this pandemic. We do it again as we're dealing with this flare up.


But hasn't this been his message for months now? I mean, I thought at least at one point there was a mandatory mask wearing rule. I mean, what if him just saying we need to do these things doesn't work? Yeah.


You know, I've been watching Gavin Newsom's press conferences for some time, and they are you could watch one from a couple of weeks ago. And I feel very much like the one I just watched yesterday. So, look, I mean, in Los Angeles, which has been a hotbed of corona virus cases in the state so far. The city's mayor, Eric Garcetti, has been warning that the city might return to some sort of stay at home order, you know, similar to the kind that implemented in March.


Yesterday, he said nothing is imminent.


But he said, you know, they still might happen sometime in the future if we did see exponential or double digit growth of some of those key indicators. Hospitalizations. Hospital capacity. Positivity rates. If we saw what we're seeing in places like Phoenix or Miami, where there's 25, 26 percent positivity. Yes, of course, we'd have to consider those things.


You know, Ghassemi, Senate hopeful, but we're going to have to see. Yeah. NPR's Nathan Rott. Nate, we appreciate you as always. Thanks. Thank you.


And that is a first for this Thursday, July twenty third. I'm Rachel Martin. And I'm David Greene. How do we do this again tomorrow? We will be here. We hope you will be here as well.


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A Minneapolis business owners daughter is called out publicly for racist anti black tweets, fighting to save his business and trying to make amends. He calls on a prominent black Muslim leader for help. He's an Arab Muslim and that's his brother. I'm here to tell me what to do. To hear what happens next. Listen to Code Switch from NPR.