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Hello and welcome to Six Minute Vocabulary with me, Catherine and me. Rob, hello. In this show, we're going to find out about multi word verbs.
That's right. We're looking into verb phrases that are made up of more than one word. And if you'd like an example, Rob and I have used three of them already.
It's incredible. We have yes. That's when you said looking into and made up of.
Yepp, and Rob, you said find out about. And some people call this type of multi word verb a phrase of hope.
They do. And in this program, we'll look at lots of multi word verbs. We'll explain what they mean. There'll be a quiz and we'll leave you with a top tip for learning vocabulary.
So let's get started by listening to Andre, a student from France who's studying in London. Yeah, and he's talking about his weekend. Here are two questions for you while you listen.
First, did Andre meet up with his friends?
And second, Andre's English is pretty good, but it sounds a bit unnatural. Why is that? Here's Andre.
I wanted to rendezvous with friends at the shopping center, but I couldn't find them. In the end, I abandoned the day. They said they couldn't find me, but I think they just invented a story. Thank you, Andre. And we asked you if Andre managed to meet his friends and sadly he didn't. He said he abandoned the day well done if you got that at home. But why did Andre's English sound unnatural?
Well, we could understand him, OK, but some of the words he used were a little bit too formal for everyday natural spoken English. Yes, that's right.
When we're speaking some words, especially verbs that originally come from Latin, make a sound much too formal. Andre used quite a few of these. For example, he said, abandoned the day. Yeah, abandoned the day.
Well, to sound more natural. Andre could use a multi word verb instead and say he gave up on the day. Now give up on something has a very similar meaning to abandon. In Andre Centonze, they both mean stop doing something because you're not succeeding. And Andre stopped hoping he would find his friends. Poor Andre.
So give up on is a phrasal verb in English. These are made up of verbs and prepositions.
Yeah, so we've got the verb give and the prepositions up and on. And Andre needs to use more of these phrasal verbs when he's speaking.
So are we saying that these Latinate verbs are wrong or not as good as the multi word verbs? Can we forget about learning latenight verbs then?
Well, that would be good, Rob, but actually no, you do need to learn them. And they're not wrong is just a question of context.
You'll see a lot more of the Latinate verbs in written English and informal English. So, yep, you do need to learn both types and you have to use the right one in the right situation. So, for example, Andre said he planned to rendezvous with friends. Now, if he changes the Latin word rendezvous to meet up with the meaning really doesn't change. It just makes his speaking sound much more natural.
Okay, well, let's listen to one more example. I think they just invented this story.
This would sound better, as I think they just made up a story. When you make something up, you say something that isn't true.
Okay. And now let's listen to Andre again, this time with the multi word verbs.
I wanted to meet up with friends at the shopping center, but I couldn't find them. In the end, I give up on the day. They said they couldn't find me, but I think they just made up a story. Well done, Andre.
That's a lot better.
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And now it's quiz time. What goes in this gap? I'm going to my family next weekend. Is it A, meet on with B, meet up to or C, meet up with and the verb is C meet up with number two.
My brother isn't very reliable.
He's always a making on excuses, b making up excuses or c inventing up excuses.
He's always be making up excuses. And number three, what multi word verb has a similar meaning to the verb abandon.
And the answer is give up on welldone if you got those right at home.
And that brings us almost to the end of today's program. Oh, yes. But before we go, here's today's top tip for learning vocabulary. Try to learn phrasal verbs and the Latin based partners in pairs. That way, you'll have the right verb for the right situation. So we're almost out of time.
But Catspaw, very quickly, can you remind us of some of these multi word verbs you've heard today? Most certainly.
We had to look into made up of find out about meet up with, give up on and made up.
Thanks. Very useful. There's more about this ABC Learning English dot com. Join us again for more six minute vocabulary high by.