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This is the global news podcast from the BBC World Service. Hello, I'm Oliver Conaway and this edition is published in the early hours of Saturday, the 29th of August. Our main stories on the anniversary of Martin Luther King's I Have a Dream speech. Thousands of Americans rally in Washington to protest against police brutality. China says it's been hit harder than expected by climate change. And the outspoken head of Russia's anti-doping agency has been fired.
Also in the podcast, the world's most precious autograph book will go on display in a German library.
And we were really keen to ensure that he was still socializing whilst he's in the hospital. And so we just showed him the penguin cartoon, how a children's TV show is helping a lonely penguin in Australia.
Exactly 57 years after Martin Luther King Jr. gave his famous I Have a Dream speech calling for an end to racial discrimination and segregation in the United States, many black Americans say they still don't feel equal. On Friday, thousands of people took to the streets of Washington to protest against police brutality. The get your hands off. Our next rally, organized in the wake of the killing of George Floyd in May, saw crowds banging drums, singing protest songs and listening to civil rights activists give emotional speeches.
Martin Luther King's granddaughter, Yolanda Renee King, was one of them.
Less than a year before he was assassinated, my grandfather predicted this very moment. He said that we were moving into a new phase of the struggle. The first phase was the civil rights, and the new phase is genuine equality. We will fulfill my grandfather's dream. So. The rally has been given added impetus by the anger over the police shooting of Jacob Blak in Kenosha, Wisconsin. Our correspondent Barbara Platania sent this report from Washington.
It's been quite a day, a day of crushing heat and blistering words and passionate stories. But more than anything, a call to action for the civil rights movement of today drawing inspiration from that iconic march nearly 60 years ago.
The widely heralded end in some quarters feared the march on Washington.
They're deliberately connecting their modern day struggle to the historic civil rights movement, the unprecedented March of 1963 that brought a quarter of a million people to Washington with a thunderous roar, demanding jobs and freedom.
Nearly 60 years later, it's clear that not enough has changed. I'm 33 and this was my parents time, so it's just like, OK, here we go again. So we're trying to make sure that we don't have to keep reliving this whole thing all over again.
I was not born when the first March happened, but I will be part of every movement if I need to go to my grave until we get the justice and equality that we deserve.
No justice. No peace. The summer of discontent was fueled by the police killing of a black man, George Cloyd, one name in a long list, an explosion of anger that has been building for years. Organizers believe this is the historical moment to push for concrete change.
What is this about? This is about equal treatment for black Americans, for them to be treated the same as white people by the police and in other areas. That's what Black Lives Matter is about. And who would have thought nearly 60 years after one of the most famous civil rights rallies in U.S. history, they'd be back here again demanding basic rights or marching for George?
For Brianna. For but Jaiku not in the same numbers, the pandemic has thinned the crowds, but everyone here can recite the grim roll call of names of those killed and injured by police violence. Their family members were the headline speakers calling this generation to action.
How would the history books remember you? What will be your legacy? Well, your future generations remember you for your complacency, your inaction. Or would they remember you? For your empathy, your leadership, your passion, as in 1963, the march is pushing for national legislation to reform how America is policed and to protect their voting rights, building on hard won victories of the past.
That this is happening in an election year added urgency to the agenda again and again, speakers called on protesters to get out and vote.
There is hope the proof of that will come later, maybe much later, whether this is a decisive inflection point in a long struggle or whether they'll be marching on Washington with the same demands in 50 years time.
Barbara Platt, Ahsha in Washington. China is the world's biggest emitter of greenhouse gases, producing about a quarter of the world's total emissions. But it's also one of the countries hit hardest by climate change. Beijing's own climate review shows temperatures and sea levels rising faster than the global average and extreme weather events becoming more frequent. Environment correspondent Matt Megraw told me more.
This is from what's called the Blue Book on Climate Change in China 2020. It's an annual review setting out the government's perspective. It's done by meteorologists and scientists. And they look at all the data around China that, as you probably have been reporting, China has been hit with really heavy floods throughout August, droughts in other parts of the country. They're seeing much more extreme rainfall in other regions of 2.8 percent every 10 years. The sea levels around China are rising.
Glaciers are melting quicker than they have been in the past. And the temperatures that they're seeing that heatwaves last year up to 40 degrees Celsius. They're seeing in many different forms the impacts of climate change, perhaps harder and perhaps faster than had been expected.
And they accept that this is the result of climate change.
Do you think the Chinese have no quibble with the fact that the putting out into the atmosphere of large amounts of carbon dioxide creates the temperature rise that's causing many of these problems? Over the years, though, they've managed to avoid making the deepest cuts in carbon because they've been able to say they are a developing economy. And in global U.N. negotiations, that has been the accepted position. It will be interesting to see what happens now, though, given the fact that China itself is seeing all these impacts we saw a few years ago when air pollution became a major problem in Beijing and other cities, the Chinese government acted very, very quickly to deal with it because they knew it was something that really upset the local population.
They may find that there's more pressure on them to take more steps now because of the increasing impacts of climate change being felt all across the country this year in the last couple of years.
And is China feeling the effects more because it produces so much CO2?
No, it's not because China produces more CO2. It's because the world picks up so much more CO2. And, you know, CO2 isn't specific to any particular region. It all goes up into the atmosphere. It all adds to the greenhouse effect on the planet. And that can have various different extremes in different parts of the world. But I guess the thing for China is that this mixture of extremes, floods, droughts, extreme temperatures, is coming together more rapidly and more quickly than perhaps had been foreseen and that this might be some sort of wake up call to China in the global international negotiations.
Matt Megraw, in recent years, Russian sport has been mired in a doping scandal. The outspoken Yuri Gannes was brought in to clean things up, but it seems he may have been a bit too outspoken as he's now been fired. Accused of financial violations, the World Anti-Doping Agency has voiced concern at his dismissal. I heard more about him from the BBC's Lisa Frockt in Moscow.
So when Mr. Gartner's was appointed as head of the RUSADA agency by many people, that move had been seen as a fresh start, as a sign to the rest of the world that Russia was clean up its act after multiple doping scandals, that Russia was ready to turn a page to start a fair play. It's not a secret that has managed to establish a very good connection with the World Anti-Doping Agency, the WADA, or many people who look very trustworthy.
What's more important in Russia, some media describe him like the bravest man in Russian sport being appointed in the midst of a doping crisis. He has been a sharp critic of Russian sports authorities, the Ministry of Sport and even the Kremlin for their record on anti-doping policies. And in an interview with the BBC.
He even criticized Vladimir Putin for not paying enough attention to anti-doping problems and just remind us of why he was sacked.
Technically, Mr Gunnis was sacked after an independent audit commission this year by the Russian Olympic Committee and Russian Paralympic Committee. The Russian Olympic Committee and Russian Paralympic Committee said that they were unusual spending patterns and conflicts of interest that ghetto's. And his team allegedly spent a huge amount of money on like. He's an English teacher, et cetera, et cetera, et cetera. Well, his position is that it was not like this, that he can explain every dime spent.
And what does his firing mean for the efforts of Russia to be allowed back into the sporting fold?
What it said today, that the firing of governors and resignations this week by other U.S. officials, I quote, reinforce the concerns recently expressed. Their organization said it was critical that anti-doping officials remain safe from interference in their operational decisions and activities. So the decision actually cast doubt on whether the ROSADA is able to stay independent, especially given the fact that Mr. Garner's predecessors, some of them, had to flee Russia. So everything is very, very concerning.
Lisa Fox from BBC Russian in Moscow. South Africa's former leader, Jacob Zuma, has accused the current president, Cyril Ramaphosa, of betraying the governing African National Congress.
And a leaked letter, Mr. Zuma said his successor was trying to destroy the party to surrender control to white businesses. Our correspondent Andrew Harding is in Johannesburg.
Even for a party consumed by factionalism. This was an explosively vitriolic letter. South Africa's former president, Jacob Zuma, accused his successor of desecrating the graves of the country's liberation heroes. Mr. Zuma said President Cyril Ramaphosa was betraying the governing ANC to save his own skin. The timing of the letter is significant. Mr. Zuma is facing a mountain of corruption allegations and his long postponed trial is getting close, but more imminently. The ANC s top decision making body is holding an important meeting this weekend.
And the faction linked to Mr. Zuma is clearly looking to drum up support for president. Ramaphosa recently lashed out at corruption in the party, describing the ANC as accused number one. The fury of the backlash against him is no surprise. More to the point, it suggests that South Africa's law enforcement agencies may be starting to make some very powerful people very nervous indeed.
Andrew Harding, what is possibly the world's most sought after autograph book, has been bought by a library in Germany. Research done book was put together by a wealthy merchant, Philip Minova, in 17th century Augsburg. It bears the signatures of some of the most powerful people on Earth at the time. Peter Burkel runs the Duke Auguste Library involved in Bertel.
He told Paul Henley about some of the famous names in the book, Two Emperors Rudolf's the Second and Mathieu's Kings Signs. Now, for example, The Force of Denmark. Elizabeth Stewart gave her signature for Philipines so far. And so it's a very, very mistress, a very, very elite society collected in this book.
And presumably when one 17th century celebrity saw the signature of another, it became a rolling thing. More and more people wanted to be associated.
Yes. And that's why this famous album is perhaps you can say a business model or a door opener. And it was more or less impossible for you to say no when Philipines Hofer asks for a signature, you have to do so. And for Heino for who it was a book dealer and who was an information dealer for him. It was very, very important to have these signatures in one book. And he was able, because of the special binding of this book, to replace several pages or to change the order of the pages.
We're on the radio. So maybe you could give us an impression of what does courser Stumbo looks like. It's a thing of beauty, isn't it?
It is beauty. And everybody who says, yes, I give you the signature knew. OK, I have to illustrate my page. I have to find a painter or an artist to create something special. And so we have around one hundred signatures with little labels, with poems and so on and more or less one hundred unique illustrations. And that makes this album so exciting.
Peter Bushell talking to Paul Henley. And still to come on the podcast, we need something that's culturally focused on.
Such a time is now where we need to see us in a good light versus us being victimized. Anything.
We visit the drive in cinemas showcasing work by black filmmakers. Japan's longest serving prime minister, Shinzo Abe, has announced he is stepping down for health reasons, Mr Abe, who is 65, has a reputation as a staunch conservative and nationalist. His policy to stimulate the Japanese economy became known as nomics. Our Tokyo correspondent Rupert Wingfield Hayes looks back at his career.
Shinzo Abe is a rare thing in Japan, a prime minister who survived so long in office. Even people outside Japan know who he is. But now Mr Abbott has been brought down not by his political opponents, but by an incurable bowel condition.
I spoke with him even though I have one year to go in my tenure as governor and with the other challenges that have not been addressed yet, I decided to step down as the Prime Minister. I would like to send my apologies to the people of Japan.
Mr Abe's greatest achievement has been to bring stability back to Japanese politics after a decade in which this country saw six prime ministers in six years. On the downside, Mr Abe has been accused of being an authoritarian and surrounding himself with corrupt cronies. When elected in 2012, he vowed he would stand up to China. That has not gone well. But Mr Abe has succeeded in another important relationship wooing President Donald Trump. The unlikely friendship between the two men has worked.
Japan has escaped the sort of trade war Mr Trump is now fighting with China. This year should have been Mr Abe's crowning moment with the opening of the 2020 Tokyo Summer Olympics. Of course, that hasn't happened. Instead, the stress of dealing with the covid-19 pandemic has visibly taken its toll and apparently caused the return of a condition that drove Mr Abe from office once before after just a year as prime minister back in 2007.
Rupert Wingfield Hayes, the Japanese political adviser Tomohiko Taniguchi, has worked with Mr Abe for eight years and he reflected on his early departure.
I think he contemplated what to do as prime minister and he came to very much a sensible decision because Japan is still and trapped with this pandemic. And whether Tokyo could host the Olympic and Paralympic Games still remains an open ended question. Depending on the world pandemic situation. The continuity and consistency that Shinzo Abe was able to provide that to some degree to the Japanese economy still are badly needed. He must have thought that it is an opportune time, the right moment, for him to step down.
Tomohiko Taniguchi, an adviser to Shinzo Abe. Thousands of doctors in South Korea have been on strike for three days, despite being ordered to return to work amid a surge in covid-19 cases. The dispute began after the government announced plans to train more students to become doctors over the next decade so the nation is better prepared for any future public health crisis. Me Park is a doctor in Seoul and regularly works with the Korean Medical Association, one of the unions behind the strike.
She told my colleague Pascal Hayata, why doctors are unhappy about the plans they're lacking on people doing infectious diseases or general medicine in acute medicine, or people who are experts in ICU care or even a trauma and emergency. And there is just not enough people going into these specialties because it's just not feasible to survive doing these specialities in Korea because of the pricing system. So instead of making those jobs attractive, what they're doing is just increasing the numbers without changing the main underlying problem.
What's it like to be a doctor in the front line in South Korea these days? It's hard work. The junior doctors work 88 hours a week, the fellows work 120 hours a week, and they get two weeks holidays in a year.
So doctors in South Korea, many of them who are on strike, feel that they're underpaid and that the government isn't consulting them in these reforms, that the reforms won't work. However, isn't it an irresponsible time to be going on strike when South Korea is experiencing another surge of coronavirus cases?
That is absolutely the point of view of many people in many parts of the population that they think that this is an irresponsible time. Unfortunately, it was an irresponsible time to introduce these policies when these policies will not take effect for another. Is why introduce it now without any consultation, when the doctors are extremely weary, they've engaged in to war with the doctors and now pointing the fingers at the doctors for not agreeing, and the students and the junior doctors and even the professors are actually at the moment giving up the jobs.
They are resigning from the posts because the government is saying that they will press the criminal charges for not following orders, which is is unheard of in a democratic country.
Can me park talking to Pasko Hata? The Harry Potter author, J.K. Rowling, sparked controversy earlier this year when she criticized the phrase people who menstruate and suggested the word women be used. Instead, she was accused of being trans phobic, something she denied. Now, after criticism of her comments, the writer has handed back an award to an American human rights organization.
As Lisa Mizzima reports, the Ripple of Hope Awards celebrates leaders in their field who demonstrate commitment to social change. Past recipients include Barack Obama and Archbishop Desmond Tutu. J.K. Rowling received the honor. Last December, she now says she's returning the award after Kerry Kennedy, the organization's president and daughter of Robert Kennedy, said that Hughes, recently expressed by the author, diminished the identity of trans people. Those comments were in response to a series of controversial online posts earlier this year by J.K. Rowling regarding her views on gender and trans issues.
On her website, J.K. Rowling says the implication that she's trans phobic is incorrect and that because of the serious conflict of views between herself and the Robert F. Kennedy human rights organization, she feels she has no option but to return the award.
Lizzo Mizzima. Now, do you remember this children's TV show?
Oh, it is the animated series Penghu, which follows the adventures of a clumsy young penguin and his family and friends on an ice cap in Antarctica. Now, Penghu has a new fan in the form of a real penguin at a zoo in the Australian city of Perth. The BBC's Callum Leslie told me more about him.
He's been called here, which I think is a suitably Schubas name for someone that's drawn so much attention. He's a Rockhopper penguin. He's about a year old, and he was found washed up on a beach in southwest Australia and he was taken to Perth Zoo. Now he has got a problem with something called moulting, which is basically his new coat of feathers that's meant to come through about once a year isn't really doing that. Or the feathers are meant to fall out and a new coat comes in.
It's kind of stopped halfway with him and that means he's not waterproof. And as a penguin, that's a pretty big deal. It means he can't swim, obviously can't go fishing, catch foods. And so it's going to be quite a bit of time before he's able to be released back into the wild, they reckon somewhere between two and four years.
So presumably he's getting bored and that's why they're showing him penguin.
Yeah, exactly. So they're really worried because here's the only penguin of his kind anywhere in captivity in the whole of Australasia. So the zoo ideally would love to have a minimum for the penguins. They're not able to do that. And I was on the phone earlier to Daniel Henry, who works at the zoo, and she was explaining to me that they weren't ready just to give up on it earlier.
We were really keen to ensure that he was still socialising whilst he's in the hospital. And so one thing that we thought that we might be able to do is to show him some live streams that they're going to use around the world. And we'll see just a bit of fun shooting Kangaroo, the penguin cartoon.
And I think it's important to see the zoo realise that's not a long term solution to it. They are looking at other zoos around the world that do have penguins to see if they can get transferred.
So he's looking at cartoons and also real penguins. Does he know what he's seeing?
This is a big question, isn't it? We all want to know, what does he think he's looking at imitation of a penguin. The answer, unfortunately, is a bit maybe boring and scientific because he doesn't realise it's a penguin he's looking at. He might not even realise the actual penguins on the feed from other zoos are penguins. But the zoo see, it's not all lost because he did show some change in behavior, probably from the noises and the movement in the videos.
And he was doing something that called vocalizing, which means making that sort of squawking noise we associate with Penguin. So I reckon we can just about see he was kind of talking back to Penghu.
Callum Leslie, we end the podcast back in the United States, which has seen mass protests against racism in recent weeks to raise people's spirits and showcase the work of black filmmakers. One couple have opened a pop up drive in cinema in New Jersey. Tom Brooke went to watch Jordan Peel's critically acclaimed horror film, US.
Once Again, we want to officially welcome everyone.
I could not move lights loud loudspeakers blare music. Movie lovers arrive in cars for what has to be described as Newark's most opening weekend venue. The Newark Moonlight Pop Up Drive-In, opened in July operated by filmmaker Ayana Stafford Morris and her husband, three Morris.
Their response has been phenomenal. It's been a it's been an overwhelming success. And everybody who comes here, we know whether or not they like it. If they aren't going to end at the end of the film when they leave now, they give us a large heart that we know we did.
Well, that's important to me because, you know, during the pandemic, we've seen the racial tension really bubu in this country. And it was kind of depressing to see the constant new cycle of black people being hurt by police officers. So I want to be able to create opportunity for black people to see themselves in a positive light and have a more positive image of themselves. At the Drive-In, barbecued food is available, cooked to order.
The venture has brought employment to twenty people. The facility can accommodate 300 cars, a total of around 1500 people. Most are black. Newark is a city with a very large African-American population. The presentation of mainly black cinema at the venue is very much welcomed. Among the moviegoers at the drive in was Malik Jones.
We need something that's culturally focused on us since the time is now. Well, we need to see us in a good light versus us being victimized anything. So I think we should start seeing the entertainment side, you know, like, hey, y'all, come on out, enjoy some black films and buy black people for us. Buy us from Georgetown, understand what I tell you.
But I like your recent offerings at the Drive-In, have included Spike Lee's Do the Right Thing and the with the black retelling of The Wizard of Oz.
Although the Drive-In caters to a largely black audience, everyone is welcome among the white Americans who came to the venue with Kirsten Payne.
I think that for so long the dominant culture has been white culture. It honestly, I think it's good that there's other voices getting the chance to be potentially the dominant culture. Know a myriad of cultures rather than just one monoculture, what's happening at the Newark Moonlight Drive in cinema is part of a wider trend in the U.S. of African-Americans gaining control of their narrative, making sure their stories get told and seen on their terms. It's definitely catering to a growing thirst for black content.
Ayana Stafford, Morris Black content is American content.
That's number one. And based off our numbers in a diverse crowd, we've seen we've see that there is a big support for that. So we know that the country is right to see this type of content right now.
And that is perhaps what's most powerful with this pop up drive in the sheer unadulterated joy it has been bringing to the city of Newark in the midst of one of the most stressful summers in modern American history.
Don't be afraid to have a good time while you are here tonight. A report by Tom Broke.
And that is all from us for now. There'll be an updated version of the Global News podcast later. I'm Oliver Conaway. Until next time. Goodbye.