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Hello, this is the global news podcast from the BBC World Service with reports and analysis from across the world. The latest news, seven days a week. BBC World Service podcasts are supported by advertising. This is the Global News podcast from the BBC World Service.


I'm Jackie Leonard. And in the early hours of Thursday, the 25th of February, these are our main stories. The White House says President Biden is to speak to the Saudi king ahead of the publication of a report into the murder of the Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi. Health officials in the U.S. have concluded that the new single shot, Johnson and Johnson covid vaccine is safe and effective. And the International Olympic Committee has announced that the Australian city of Brisbane is its preferred partner to host the Summer Games in 2032.


Also in this podcast, it is so vivid.


The colours are so bright. Vincent Van Gogh used such pure pigments, they're still bright. Even after 130 years.


Wal-Mart Street seen a painting by Vincent Van Gogh on public display for the first time in October 2018.


The Saudi dissident and Washington Post columnist Jamal Khashoggi entered the Saudi consulate in Istanbul, and there he died, an outspoken critic of the Saudi crown prince, Mohammed bin Salman, Mr. Khashoggi was killed by a team of Saudi agents inside the consulate. The news drew widespread international condemnation, but Riyadh officials said Mr. Khashoggi was killed in a rogue operation and his death was not ordered by the crown prince. The Trump administration stood by its Saudi allies, the Biden administration, not so much.


On Wednesday, the White House press secretary, Jen Psaki, said that a report from U.S. intelligence services into the matter, which the Trump administration sat on, will now be published.


We remain committed to releasing through the DNI, of course, an unclassified report that we expect to happen soon. I don't have an updated timeline for you on that. I know there were also reports on a proposed call. We also expect that to happen soon. We're still in the process of scheduling one that that will happen.


We heard from our security correspondent, Frank Gardner, and I asked him, do we know what's actually in the report?


Yes, we've got a pretty good idea because the CIA director, Gina Haspel, under President Trump was given access to the audiotape, which is pretty grisly.


This was the secret bugging device that the Turkish intelligence placed inside the Saudi consulate and has been played to Britain, France, Germany and the U.S. intelligence officials. So they know exactly what happened. They heard the conversations that took place and US officials who have declined to be named have let it be known that the CIA believed certainly in the months after the killing, with a 90 percent certainty that Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman was involved in it in some way, something which he has always denied.


Now, President Joe Biden says that he's going to speak to King Salman soon, but not to the crown prince. How much of a recalibration of relations is the U.S. seeking with Saudi Arabia at this point?


Well, this is a risky strategy because King Salman is 85. He's not in good health. He has already handed over the day to day running of the country, most of it to his favorite son, the crown prince Mohammed bin Salman, who is all powerful. He's only 35. He is immensely popular with young Saudis, not so popular with the old guard and a lot of thousands of princes who've got their noses put out of joint. But he's largely popular in the country.


His advance, a lot of economic reforms. He could well be there for decades. So making an enemy of him is a risky strategy for the U.S..


That was Frank Gardner. President Biden has signed an executive order to identify and fix weaknesses in the supply chain for critical items like pharmaceuticals, vehicle batteries and semiconductors. Samir Hussein is a New York.


While shortages of medical equipment like gloves, masks and ventilators in the early days of the pandemic have eased, U.S. car companies are now being forced to shut down production because they've run out of computer chips. It is why the Biden administration is making it a priority to identify potential vulnerabilities in the country's supply chains and to see if there could be some homegrown solutions. The executive order does not identify China by name, but reducing America's dependence on its biggest economic competitor is clearly part of this initiative.


Samira Hussein.


New data indicates that the experimental Johnson and Johnson, one shot covid vaccine is safe and effective. Large scale trials in the United States, Brazil and South Africa show the vaccine is more than. Five percent effective in preventing serious cases of covid-19, although less beneficial for milder cases. U.S. regulators could give the Johnson and Johnson vaccine emergency approval as soon as Friday. Jeff Zients is the White House coronavirus response coordinator.


We anticipate allocating in three to four million doses of Johnson and Johnson vaccine next week. Johnson Johnson has announced it aims to deliver a total of 20 million doses by the end of March.


So just how significant is this? A question for our global health correspondent, Na'ama grimly.


Well, it's pretty good news, to be honest, because when it comes to the effectiveness of this vaccine against severe forms of covid-19, it seems to be overall 86 percent effective. And even in South Africa, where, of course, they're struggling with that new variant, even that it only falls to 82 percent effectiveness. So still pretty good for a vaccine, particularly one that only needs one shot.


So it only needs one injection, which obviously is going to make it easier to roll out. And it can be kept in a normal fridge temperature for up to three months as well.


That's right. So two big pluses when it comes to rolling this vaccine out. Logistically, you don't have to worry about ultra cold temperatures. And also you don't have to worry about getting the people that you've already given want to back in a few weeks time. And that's going to be particularly significant for Kovács, which is the multilateral program, to try and get vaccines out across the world. They've actually got on order 500 million doses of Johnson and Johnson.


So it's good news for them. It's good news for the US as well, because we expect it to be approved formally in a few days time and they have ordered 100 million doses of that and they'll be hoping that comes in over the summer.


And you mentioned the Kovács program. We've seen some of the first Kovács rollout. That's right. They haven't yet started the administration of the shots, but they have taken deliveries in Ghana at the first shipment. It turns out to be AstraZeneca, the Oxford AstraZeneca vaccine that's been made in India, and then it was shipped to Akra. So that's very significant because it's been slow to get off the ground. But finally, we will see the first vaccinations of health care workers there next week.


Naomi grimly, as millions of children in the U.S. continue with remote learning, the governor of the state of Oregon, Kate Brown, has begun a major push to reopen schools and get in-person classes statewide to resume. She prioritized teachers and school staff members ahead of senior citizens for the covid-19 vaccine. But some educators say it's still unsafe to go back while parents are getting frustrated. That remote instruction has gone on for as long as it has. It's a debate being played out across the U.S. And while Governor Brown wanted kids back in school over a week ago, many are still at home.


Our West Coast correspondent Sophie Long reports from Portland in the state of Oregon.


I went to school because that means I won get my boyfriend back to be able to play with my friend. Daphne Sheirer is making do with her chickens and her little brother for company while she waits until she can see her friends again. But there are other reasons she misses school. I miss my teacher and the Daphne, who's nine years old and has a disability which makes learning difficult.


Interaction with her teachers is really important for Daphne's parents, Glenda and Peter Sheirer, watching the hault in their daughter's development has been difficult.


This is a mental critical care condition for my daughter. She needs help right away. Maybe a social worker or a psychiatrist can help her out a little bit. But what she needs is to go back to school right now. She needs to be taught in person right now.


I started in April emailing my daughter school district saying these kids are in a bad place and you need to do something to help them connect with others in some way because they're human, they're kids and they need help. Just really basically no response from the school district.


Oregon Gov. Kate Brown did respond at a press conference earlier this month.


I'm going to use every single tool in my toolbox to make sure that we get our kids back into the classroom. And I know we can make this happen safely for our kids.


One of the tools the governor has used is to put teachers ahead of older people in the queue for the vaccination. But that has angered some senior citizens and some educators. Elizabeth Tiel from the Portland Association of Teachers says because of years of underfunding, vaccinating teachers alone will not make schools safe.


We know that in order to be safe in indoor spaces, we need good ventilation. We've been told that that's too much to ask for because it's too expensive. Ventilation has always been a problem in our. And now it's a life or death situation, but we absolutely need the funding to create a safe, healthy school buildings. That's what our students always deserve.


What Marco Sophea, you need your science to their social studies and social studies. What are you doing in social studies?


So Angela Deqi is both a parent to two children and a teacher at a school in an area of argan most severely affected by covid-19. She says the governor's decision wasn't what educators wanted or expected.


That blindsided teachers unions believe that the seniors and the most vulnerable should have had access to the vaccine first. We all felt that vulnerable people should be receiving the vaccine ahead of us.


It was rough to get that news and to realize, you know, I might be vaccinated before my mom.


That's not what you want. What time are traves enough?


I mean, I've been hospitalized three times in three years with pneumonia, so I am confident if I get pregnant I will die.


Great to see you again at a senior center in the Hollywood neighborhood of Portland.


People are perplexed and feel strongly that those for whom covid could easily be a death sentence should be prioritized, not left baffled by a complex online vaccination application procedure and pushed further down the queue.


That report by Sophie Long in Oregon. In the past few months, Canadians on social media have been complaining about the quality of their butter. It's not melting at room temperature. It's difficult to spread or it's ROBERI online. The issue is being referred to with the hashtag butter gate. There have been lots of theories about what's causing it. But now food experts say the most likely culprit is palm oil being added to cow feed. Dr. Sylvain Charlebois is a senior director at Dalhousie University's Agrifood Analytics Lab.


Razia Iqbal asked him, why is palm oil the most likely explanation?


Well, I think it's attracting a lot of attention because most Guineans weren't aware that dairy farmers were allowed to give Porthmadog acids to to cows in order to produce more more butterfat with with our regime in Canada. Farmers will make more money making butterfat than actual Flude milk. And so I think that's why it's attracting a lot of attention. But other causes are also possible. A change in feed forge the mixture itself. Many different factors can impact the quality of butterfat coming out of a cow.


Well, and what's your what's your assessment? Well, there is a context that would need to be appreciated. Last year, demand for butter went up twelve point four percent in Canada. Most people were baking. I'm sure it was the same in Britain, making a lot of bread, needing more butter. And the industry had to figure out a way to produce more butter fat very quickly. And the use of polymathic acids is certainly one way to do it very quickly.


And it's it's much cheaper to than to add more cows to a herd. And that's why there's a lot of speculation that perhaps this is this is the reason why it's happening. Okay.


We are aware of ethical and sustainability implications of the use of palm oil, but what about the health impacts then on both the animals as well as humans?


I think this is really the biggest problem related to the butter gate issue, quote unquote, is that there is no connection in research between animal science and food science. So how we feed animals, we don't know how how we feed animals. Practices on a farm can impact the quality of products at retail and how these products can impact the health of Canadians. We understand more research is going to be conducted in the summer, in the fall. But right now we just don't know.


Dr. Sylvain Charlebois from Dalhousie University in Nova Scotia.


Still to come in this podcast, let's start with Port Elizabeth, which will now go by the name.


That is the time to learn some new names for some places in South Africa.


It's been 10 years since Egyptians took to the streets calling for the resignation of the then president Hosni Mubarak, Egypt's revolution was part of a wave of demonstrations that took place in the Arab world, often referred to as the Arab Spring. Our Australia correspondent Shaima Khalil, who herself is Egyptian covid events in her homeland as they unfolded in the following years.


Here, she reflects on what it was like to witness the country transformed before her eyes.


But there's much to be said about what transpired in the 10 years since the fall of the Mubarak regime in Egypt.


But there is no disputing that the huge wave of protests carried whether the dreams of millions of Egyptians who were finding their voice for the first time or fighting for freedom.


Now, we were moved off Mubarak and we don't want anyone anymore but our Finemore. We don't afraid from anybody here in Egypt.


And for the first time, I was seeing my country in a completely new light.


Thousands of protesters chanted slogans against President Hosni Mubarak and threw stones to break on the protesters.


Watching it at the centre of global news coverage was both fascinating and frightening. There are many moments etched in my memory. Women, some my mother's age, defying the authorities, carrying the Egyptian flag and chanting in the face of riot police. A young man walking up to a moving water cannon vehicle and standing his ground until it stopped for them. It's all for them. I want them to see this. I remember my mother telling me when I asked her why she brought her two young girls to rally one night and then, of course, Tahrir Square as a child.


This is where I went with my family to get our passports renewed at the huge complex there and maybe have some KOSHARY afterwards in one of the places nearby.


But all those years later, the placement, something entirely different for me, the language, the chants and the conversations in the square and across major cities were unprecedented. People spoke of change, political alternatives, democracy, and they spoke openly. Protesters spelt out their demands, Aishwarya Idella DeMaria, bread, freedom and social justice, they said one of the most iconic chants was a simple word it huld leave.


Addressing Hosni Mubarak directly, the man who for decades people could only criticize behind closed doors and in hushed tones, but not anymore is Muhammad Hosni Mubarak.


Then suddenly, without warning, the unimaginable happened on February the 11th, 2011. Hosni Mubarak's grip on power ended after three decades, much to the euphoria and disbelief of millions.


Too many emotions, too many moments to capture. I mean, people are going up their minds from the happiness we see, we're pretty happy.


But the jubilation wouldn't last long. In the following weeks, the police all but retreated and the army took over, forming a council of generals to run the country. Violence and chaos ensued. Crime rose and robberies, too. I hope they're happy. Who's going to control the circus? Who's going to keep us safe? My late uncle told me when I was visiting Alexandria in the summer of 2011. By the way, he meant the protesters, not the police who decided not to do their job.


It was a sentiment echoed in so many Egyptian households fed up of the uncertainty. For nearly a year and a half, turbulence and bloodshed continued until the Muslim Brotherhood, arguably the most organized political force in Egypt at the time, came to power for the first time in 30 years. We watched a new president take oath.


La la la la la la la la la la la la. Judy.


Mohamed Morsi was sworn in as Egypt's president in June 2012.


He wasn't the most popular or the best known of the Muslim Brotherhood figures, but he was seen as the least problematic. Democratically elected, yes, but democratically minded. It certainly didn't transpire that way. In his first and only year in power, I watched as Egypt became more divided. What pushed things over the edge was how bad the economic situation became with regular power cuts and fuel shortages. Then the leadership started to change clauses in the Constitution, giving the Islamist president more powers.


It was a step too far.


That was Shyamal. The World Diamond Council has warned members to verify the origins of diamonds from the Central African Republic and neighboring countries. There are concerns that rebels are exploiting mines in areas under their control to finance their uprising. Gillian Bradford reports.


Diamonds are one of the CIA's biggest exports, but many of its mines are now under the control of the rebel coalition that hold sway over much of the country. Exports have long been subject to the Kimberley Process, an initiative to stop the sale of blood diamonds. But dealers have now been warned to be extra vigilant when purchasing stones from the C.A.R. to ensure that the diamonds come from approved mines only.


Gillian Bradford decolonisation is rarely an instant process. South Africa, for example, is still replacing European names for places with names from its own indigenous languages. Some of the most recent to be changed are in. Khoza, one of South Africa's 11 official languages, is also one of the few in the world that has the click sound, which can be quite difficult for noncoercive speakers.


Fortunately, the BBC's full of talent. Hello everyone.


My name is Poms, officially your resident expert Novarro. I'm here to give you a crash course on how to say some local so that they can make. This is because the Eastern Cape Province has changed some names there, and I want you to learn how to say them. Let's start with Port Elizabeth, which will now go by the name that is Gomera. The next time is euthanasia, which will now go by the name Ariha. And we've got another town, small town in the Eastern Cape, formerly known as Miglia, is now going to be called My Hope.


And the last click I have for you is the town currently known as King Williams town will now go by only. That is, of course, before we go to the airport for Elizabeth's airport port in Yemen. The Bahamas airport will now go by its chief, David Stearman. I hope that was helpful and happy. Clicking You're welcome.


I was officially I'm going to have to practice a virtual conference took place here in the UK on Wednesday with all the major public health officials to discuss rare diseases. It's thought there are more than 6000 so-called rare diseases, many so uncommon that only a handful of people in the world have them. It may seem paradoxical, but there are so many rare diseases that in the UK it's estimated that one in seventeen people have one in the U.S. It's estimated that 25 to 30 million people live with one.


Rosignol spoke to Nick Mead, director of policy at the charity Genetic Alliance UK. It supports people living with rare genetic and undiagnosed conditions. She also spoke to Genevieve Allen, a doctor who was diagnosed with a rare disease two years ago.


Nick was first asked. How difficult is it for people living with a rare disease to simply explain their condition? Most people living with a rare condition have to spend most of their time in health care, contacts, education, contacts and so on, explaining what their condition is.


And there are, of course, many that are undiagnosed and unnamed. Is that right? Yeah. So we're making progress in that area. As I say, in the U.K., we're doing quite well with genomics, which is a diagnostic tool that can identify more and more rare conditions. Around 70 percent of the 6000 prior conditions understood now have understood genetic cause. And that number is growing a bit. And we're discovering new conditions every week.


Given everything that you've said, it must make it particularly lonely for those people who live with rare conditions.


Yeah, it can be really difficult to connect to others to actually understand what your day to day is like. We do in the UK have a membership of 200 patient organisations that support people living with genetic conditions and are often run by people who have been affected by the condition. And that provides an opportunity for people to connect and form friendships. Be able to speak to someone who's actually been through the same thing is you, Genevieve.


Let's bring you in here. You live with a rare disease. When did you find out and what is it?


I was diagnosed with my rare disease, which is called myotonic dystrophy type one in 2019.


Can you describe for us the symptoms that you experience on a day to day basis? One of the symptoms is if I grabbed something tightly or I squeezed something with my hands, I'm not able to let go easily. I have to kind of force my hands open, which can be painful. Sometimes I get a similar issue in my jaw where my jaw clenches up and that can affect my speech. Luckily, it doesn't happen very often, but when it does happen, so if it happened on our interview today, you wouldn't be able to understand me.


I sound almost like I'm slurred or I'm drunk. I also have problems with fatigue. I have a lot of gastrointestinal issues, abdominal pain, and I have early cataracts developing that I will probably need operated on at some point. And probably one of the most important things that will affect so many people with rare diseases is the mental health impact of dealing with all of this and not knowing how your health will be in the future.


And you were the first in your family to be diagnosed, is that right?


Yes, that's right. I was quite lucky. I guess you would say that my diagnosis came rather quickly where certain muscles in my body contract over and over and over again rather than just wants to produce a movement. And yes, since my diagnosis, unfortunately, eight further members of my family went on to be diagnosed with the same condition.


Gosh, that must be devastating for your family.


Absolutely. I don't think there's any words that I can use to express how devastating that is. The condition is what is called a dominant genetic condition, which means that every person who has the condition has a 50 percent chance of passing it on to any child that they have, which is, you know, obviously huge. And there's no cure, no Dr Genevieve Ahlem.


And before her, Nick Meade from the charity Genetic Alliance UK, the International Olympic Committee, has chosen the Australian city of Brisbane as its preferred partner to host the 2032 Summer Games. Alex Capstick reports.


This is the first Olympic selection process carried out under new rules established in 2019. Gone are the high profile bidding contest settled by a sometimes controversial vote of IOC members, instead, something which is described as more open and professional. It certainly worked in Brisbane's favour. Today's decision might not go down well in other cities to express an interest. They included Doha, Jakarta, Budapest and the Rhine Ruhr region in Germany. But from the very start, Brisbane has been considered the strongest option, with much of the infrastructure already in place following the 2018 Commonwealth Games held on the Gold Coast.


Alex Capstick, a painting by Vincent Van Gogh, has been unveiled to the public in Paris after a century of being in private hands and titled More Market Street Scene. It depicts a man and woman strolling arm in arm on the edge of the city that was just starting to attract the Bohemian art set. It's part of a series Gogh produced during his stay in Paris while living with his brother. The painting is to be put on display in Hong Kong and Amsterdam before being sold by Sotheby's next month.


Sarah Montague spoke to our Paris correspondent Lucy Williamson, who was at the auction houses French headquarters.


I've just seen the painting, yes. And it's absolutely incredible. It's what really strikes you when you first look at it is the fact that it could have been painted this morning. You know, it is so vivid, the colours. They are so bright, and that's one of the things that special about it apparently is that Vincent Angoff used such pure pigments in this painting. There's still bright even after 130 years. And that's something that he picked up here in Paris.


So it shows that transition.


Now we're saying it's being presented in public for the first time. It was known about it has featured in catalogs. It has just been kept private. That's right.


I mean, it was painted by Vincent van Gogh, probably kept by his brother, who he lived with in Paris. And then it was in the possession of a French family who held onto it for over 100 years and are now selling it. I've just spoken to one of the art experts here at Sotheby's who said, yes, look, it's been in catalogues. I've seen pictures of it. They've always been pretty much black and white pictures. And when I knew that I was going to see it, I just couldn't wait to see what color it was.


I mean, it's that level of of excitement, that level of discovery with this picture here.


I don't know if we can try to explain. It's an impossible question, but the idea of it being Montmartre, it's a very different image of Montmartre.


Yes, it looks very different today. It was painted in 1897, as you said, when Mamata was still semirural. Really? So it shows one of the windmills that were there at the time. There was, you know, about 30 of them there at the time. Most of them have now gone, but the rest of it is semirural. You see pretty much fields and people walking along pathways. There's a fence running along this pathway, the top of a carousel, which shows the nightlife here was just getting going at that time.


But, yes, it does look very different. And really, I think it captures that time when you had so many famous artists drawn to this area painting this area. Yes, it's changed a lot since then.


It's going up for auction. Just very briefly, an estimate, they think five to eight million euros, but that's very conservative. Apparently it's a bargain.


I do love a bargain, don't you? That was Lucy Williamson in Paris.


And that's it from us for now. But there will be an updated version of the Global News podcast later. If you would like to comment on this podcast, all the topics covered in it, do please send us an email. The address is Global Podcast BBK Dot Code onto UK. This pod was mixed by Barry Byrne. The producer was Liam McCaffrey. Our editor is Karen Martin. I'm Jackie Leonard and until next time, goodbye.


They discovered that I didn't have a uterus. Life doesn't always turn out the way we're expecting. And when he told me that I couldn't have babies, everything just stop. But sometimes the human spirit turns out to be bigger than the challenges we face. Linda, what did you say when you heard about your sister's diagnosis?


The first thing I said was you can have mine on the Outlook podcast. We bring you stories that are uplifting, moving, inspiring, and seeing my mom cry an entire month with all that had been going on. But when the plane's doors closed, she started to sob stories told by the people who lived through them. From that day, I said to myself, you know what? I'm not invincible. I'm going to try and stay alive. The Outlook podcast from the BBC World Service, I would just say, can do it.


I mean, what have you got to lose to search for BBC Outlook wherever you get your podcasts?