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The Rachel Maddow Show weeknights at 9:00 Eastern on MSNBC. Thanks to you at home for joining us this hour. Really happy to have you here. All right. This was today in federal court in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. A federal magistrate judge named Martin S. Carlson was presiding.


Ready? Here we go. The judge, WMS. Williams, I want to note for you that one of the reasons you are going home today is because in a desperate time, in the glare of public scrutiny, your mother has stepped forward and promised to serve as a third party custodian. And you heard my questions to her, did you not, ma'am, the defendant? I did. Your Honor, the judge and you heard that your mother has promised that if there are violations of these conditions, she will report them to me.


And she has made that promise, understanding that if she breaks that promise, she could be criminally charged. Do you understand that the defendant I understand the judge. Your mother is making an enormous leap of faith on your behalf. And you are the one person in this courtroom who can make sure that your mother does not have to choose between her love for you and her duty to this court. Do you understand that the defendant. Yes. The judge.


Do not put your mother in a position where I learn that she was put to that choice.


Am I clear the defendant? Yes, the judge. Very well, then I would like to conclude this proceeding.


Miss Williams, when we met on Tuesday, one of the first things I did was advise you of your constitutional rights. And then I took steps to protect those rights by appointing aggressive, effective counsel to represent you here. That recital of rights wasn't just some hollow invocation of abstract principles. It was affirmation of the rights guaranteed to you by the United States Constitution. And it strikes me that that guarantee says something extraordinary and extraordinarily good about our Constitution. You are embraced by a presumption of innocence.


You are entitled to the assistance of counsel. You have a right to remain silent. All of these matters guaranteed to you by the Constitution, a constitution that protects the rights of those who are accused of transgressing society's rules. Some of the most basic of those rules are set forth in our Constitution. And one of the fundamental pillars of that constitution is the peaceful transition of power. That obligation that all citizens have to facilitate the peaceful transfer of power, it has been honored by generations of Americans for two hundred and thirty two years, it has become so commonplace that we often think very little of it.


But as President Reagan said in his inaugural, that process is a miracle. The allegations that bring you before me involve conduct that allegedly took place on January 6th of this year as Congress was endeavoring to fulfill its constitutional obligation to certify the will of the people and the votes of the Electoral College. You are cloaked in a presumption of innocence with respect to these matters. But the allegations set forth in the complaint relate to conduct that was antithetical to these constitutional values, conduct that involved a riot, a mob that sought to replace constitutional norms with the howling of a crowd.


We know now that the mob failed and the Constitution prevailed. The Constitution prevailed on January 6th of this year because Congress, stepping over the wreckage of its capital, met.


And confirmed the vote of the Electoral College, setting the stage for the latest peaceful transition of power in this country yesterday. In the wake of those events on January 6th, it strikes me that the Constitution prevailed yet again in the wake of those events, the men and women of federal law enforcement, including the federal investigator and the assistant US attorney, the federal prosecutor involved in this case, fulfilled a duty that they had under the Constitution. They have sworn an oath under the Constitution to protect and defend that constitution against all enemies, foreign and domestic.


And in pursuit of that constitutional obligation, a series of investigations have been launched into the matters that took place on January 6th. And those investigations have brought us here today together. It also occurs to me, Miss Williams, in a very personal and direct way, that the Constitution has is and will be prevailing in your case. As I noted a few moments ago when we first met, I invoked the Constitution on your behalf and I took steps to protect your constitutional rights by appointing counsel for you, your counsel.


Fulfilling the role of the Constitution contemplated has aggressively represented your interests here today. Wouldn't you agree, Miss Oelrich? The judge at this point turns to the court appointed public defender in this case. Wouldn't you agree, Miss Oelrich, that you have aggressively represented your client's interests here today?


The public defender said says to the judge, Yes, Your Honor, I spent the last two days doing a lot of investigating. And the judge turns to the prosecutor in the courtroom. The judge says to the prosecutor, on behalf of the United States, it is my view that over the past two days, you and your colleagues here and elsewhere have endeavored to fulfill your constitutional obligation to provide equal justice under the law to ensure the protection of individual rights and liberties while ensuring adherence to the rule of law.


And then the judge turns back to the defendant, Miss Williams, he says, so Miss Williams, in a very real and direct sense, you are being released today because the Constitution has prevailed, because your counsel has fulfilled her constitutional obligation and because the United States is also fulfilling its constitutional duty to strike hard blows but fair blows in the pursuit of justice. So, Miss Williams, I share that thought with you as you leave here today, that your freedom today, conditioned as it is by the orders that I have entered as a result of the prevailing of the Constitution.


And I'll leave you with this final thought, Miss Williams. The judge closes with us. The Constitution prevails here today and the Constitution will always prevail in this country.


We'll stand in recess, courtroom deputy rises, the court is in recess and the transcript notes the proceeding is adjourned and thus concluded the federal detention hearing today for a twenty two year old woman from Pennsylvania whose court appointed counsel admitted today that she was part of the crowd that entered the capital that violently attacked the seat of the US government on January 6th. She was released to her mother's custody today. She's twenty two years old. She was released to her mother's custody today with an ankle bracelet basically under house arrest at her mother's house with part of the deterrence factor here, that being that her mother may very well be in prison herself if her daughter breaks the conditions under which she was released by the judge today.


The judge telling her today that her rights under the Constitution or why she has a lawyer, one good enough to get her out of jail and sent home while she awaits trial for these alleged crimes. The judge telling her that the Constitution is why she's presumed innocent. And even if she and the other alleged capital attackers were waging war on that constitution by trying to install a president by force.


The Constitution would prevail anyway, prevail against that kind of an attack and the Constitution will, in fact, prevail over the means by which we as a country have to deal with those who tried to set fire to it. Welcome to day one. We all lived through a president who was assisted in his elevation to the White House by illegal assistance from a hostile foreign power, which he welcomed. He was impeached twice. He was thrown out of office after one term.


His supporters then mounted a violent and deadly attack on the US Capitol to try to keep him in power. So, yeah, now it's clean up on aisle forty five time and for a long while yet it is going to be clean up on aisle forty five. We start our coverage tonight of the first full day of the Biden administration. But we admittedly have to do it with a little bit of sort of bifurcated vision. I mean, the new White House team, the new administration has clearly taken the wheel with confidence, with what seems to be quite assured, knowledge of where they intend to go.


And they appear to know most of how they're going to get there. This is not a bunch of doctors or amateurs or people learning government for the first time from something other than Schoolhouse Rock. These are people who know government and by and large, who have worked at high levels in government before. And they have lots of what you might call low hanging fruit to pick in terms of policy, in terms of obvious, clearly needed, meritorious, noncontroversial policy that the last administration just just left hanging.


So, like, yeah, duh, we need a national strategy to get Americans vaccinated. We need one of those that's low hanging fruit because we didn't have one of those things before, Biden and his advisers are inheriting no coronavirus vaccine distribution plan to speak of from the Trump administration. One of the biggest shocks the Biden team had to digest during the transition period was a complete lack of a vaccine distribution strategy under former President Donald Trump, even weeks after multiple vaccines were approved for use in the United States.


One source telling CNN, quote, There is nothing for us to rework. We are going to have to build everything from scratch. So, yeah, a country with the worst coronavirus epidemic on Earth. A country that now has multiple vaccines available to it, yeah, that country does should have a national vaccination program of some kind, but apparently the Biden team is having to build that now from jump because the outgoing administration never thought to do that. That's what's called low hanging fruit in terms of policy aims, and yes, we need covid help to schools and small businesses that have been moving heaven and earth on their own without help to adapt and adapt and adapt and adapt and try to stay open and operating under pandemic conditions.


Yeah, let's do that stuff. And right away and even on national security, it is low hanging fruit. I mean, if the previous administration had not been so bizarrely and insistently supplicant to Russia, we would have had the director of National Intelligence Intelligence doing an assessment, for example, for the administration on the huge cyber attack, the huge solar wind cyber attack on the US government within the last few months, reportedly the worst cyber attack on the United States in history.


Had we not had such a weird administration when it came to Russia for the past four years, you might expect that the intelligence community would be working on trying to assess responsibility for that and how to handle it, how to respond. Also, do you remember the reporting that Russia paid bounties to Taliban fighters and other fighters in Afghanistan, Russia paid cash rewards to those fighters for them killing US troops in Afghanistan? You will recall that President Trump never raised that issue, never objected to that at all with Russia, never seem bothered by it, bothered by it, never seemed to care.


So, yes, now, belatedly, the newly sworn in director of National Intelligence Officer Heinz has been tasked with assessing Russia's culpability for that as well. And this is the most basic, most fundamental, most bottom line national security stuff, direct attacks on the American government and on Americans in uniform that were never defended against by the previous president that he, in fact, ignored and thereby excused attacks on the United States that he allowed to happen. When it comes to national security strategy, there isn't much low hanging, lower hanging fruit than that.


So that will now change, right?


This is not this is not complicated stuff. There isn't any high level complex decision making that needs to go into starting stuff like this does. We should figure out how to vaccinate the country. And yeah, we shouldn't let a hostile foreign government attack us and kill our soldiers with impunity without us doing anything about it, not even raising objections to it. This is like ask a five year old what's good stuff for the government to do.


And so this is one level at which we are watching the news in our country. The outgoing administration was so incompetent and so indifferent to the very basic responsibilities of governance, including the defense of the United States, that the first stuff they need to do, you can't believe wasn't already being done. The first stuff they have to do is to call it a, b, C is unfair to the alphabet. So that is part of what we are watching.


It's such a radical shift from one day to the next and you know, and on personnel, the Biden administration has picked its nominees for four top jobs. And there is not one of them among them who's like a friend of the family wedding planner who's now in charge of housing in the whole northeast, or a former talent booker for the Cartoon Network who's been installed at the CDC as CDC chief of staff during a fatal pandemic. That really is the thing that happened at the White House insistence.


They installed a new CDC chief of staff who was a booker for the Cartoon Network for real.


I mean, if you think about it, the talent for the Cartoon Network is like cartoons, how hard is it to book them? Don't you just draw them? The new administration's nominees appear, by and large, to be competent, noncontroversial experts and respected public servants. It's shocking. This is their first full day that they are on the job and they are already working on what appears to be the stuff you'd expect them to be working on, the things Joe Biden said during the campaign and during the transition that he would work on and work on from day one.


And so day one, here's our two hundred page national covid strategy and the executive orders to start implementing it. Right.


Those executive orders that were ready to go, not even on the first full day, but within minutes of the of the inauguration, it appears that none of those will immediately be thrown out by federal courts because they were lawyered by like the president's son in law and the editor from Breitbart who once made that movie that one time about how much the old guy from Duck Dynasty looks like Jesus.


If you squint at actual lawyers, do the legal stuff. So that's a new hard thing to get used to. That's part of our new field of vision experts like the guy who used to coordinate the international military effort against ISIS, who was inexplicably fired by Donald Trump recently. Biden has brought him back the truly bizarre, fanatical Steve Bannon friend who Trump installed to run the US government's international broadcasting agency, which is like Voice of America, Radio Free Europe, Radio Marti and Cuba and all the rest.


That Bannon guy was fired by the new by the administration almost instantaneously upon President Biden being sworn in. He the guy wrote an indignant letter about it, saying how shocked he was to be fired. Yeah, dude, you tried to turn the Voice of America into a weird North Korean style Trump propaganda network, yet you are not staying past day one. And the White House Spanish language website has been put back up and the surgeon general is being replaced and they stopped building the wall on the border and they put a moratorium on deportations and they rejoined the show and they rejoin the Paris Climate Accord.


And we have press briefings again and they're saying. The changeover is for real. The new folks appear to know what they are doing. They also appear to be not messing around. And that's part of what we are seeing and radically adjusting to on this first full new day. But there's also this other thing we do have to start with a little bit of bifurcated vision, because while the outgoing president is now gone and gone for real, there are some flaming paper bags of something that he left on the proverbial front stoop when he went.


And I know you hate me for saying this. I can actually hear you through the TV right now saying no bad out. We do not want to hear any more about him. There's a new president, a new vice president. Let's just talk about that. We will get there, I swear. And we will do that to I hear you and I understand. But we're in a position we've never been in before, the violent attack on the government by the former president's supporters was only 15 days ago that young Pennsylvania woman who allegedly broke in with the rioters and directed them to legislative offices and stole Nancy Pelosi's computer because an FBI affidavit says she allegedly had a plan to sell it to Russian intelligence through an intermediary she knew in Russia.


I mean, there she was in court today getting a sermon on the Constitution from the judge, hearing preliminary motions in her case. You will recall the absolutely harrowing video of police officers being individually pulled down the Capitol steps beaten by the pro Trump mob at the Capitol. I have literally had nightmares about the guy with the hockey stick in those videos, swinging it over his head with all his force, swinging it down in those police officers over and over and over and over and over again.


Today, they say they got him. Justice Department say they arrested and charged a twenty nine year old Michigan man who they say was the one who they believe did that, in addition to the individuals charged, we're now up to roughly one hundred and twenty five federal charges. So far, the former president himself is also going to face trial for his role in allegedly inciting that attack. That attack trial in the United States Senate. Democrats, of course, have now taken control of the United States Senate.


And so it is their decision as to when the trial of the president will start. Republicans now the minority, they said today that they don't want the president's trial to start until February. So we'll see. It's not really their call. It can start whenever they are ready. And the Democrats run the Senate now. We shall see if the Republicans seemed inclined to potentially convict the president. I think they would have some actual leverage in terms of how the trial would be conducted and its timing.


But if they're never going to vote to convict the president, no matter what, then there's no point in them making any sort of demands about how things are going to go forward. Again, they're out of power, they're out of power in the White House, they're out of power in the House, they're out of power in the Senate. Meanwhile, investigations are underway on Capitol Hill as to whether they were, in effect, co-conspirators in the attack.


Among Republican members of Congress who may have helped the Trump mob mount that violent attack on the US government, in part because of those concerns, there are now working metal detectors outside of the floor of the House, metal detectors that Republican members of Congress keep setting off because they're carrying guns despite rules they all signed acknowledging that they can't bring guns onto the House floor. Huffington Post reporting tonight that at least one House lawmaker today caught trying to bring a gun into the House chamber onto the House floor.


This is all live and crucial stuff at this point that has not gone away because the former president is now gone to Florida and the White House has been cleaned and the Biden family has moved in.


Also, you may recall if you're old enough that after President Bill Clinton left office, Congress thereafter spent months and months and months and months investigating and agonizing over one of President Clinton's last minute pardons. There was a concern and allegation that one of the last Clinton pardons might have been issued essentially as a reward, as a trade for campaign contributions from the guy's family.


Whatever you think about those allegations against Bill Clinton and the Marc Rich pardon, the full slate of pardons that our latest former president just issued makes even the worst characterization of that scandal from the 90s look like jaywalking compared to what Trump just did. I mean, a pardon to a guy who bought a whole flower of a perp excuse me, a whole floor of apartments on Trump Tower. A pardon to a guy who belongs to the president's golf club and gave money to the president's fake and now shuttered fraudulent charity, a pardon to a fundraiser and Republican Party deputy finance chair who worked with a convicted pedophile on an influence peddling scheme for access to Trump.


I mean, I could go on. There were more than one hundred and forty of them, but a shockingly large proportion of them are people with financial or political ties to the president. A shockingly large proportion of them are the largest pardon scandals we've ever had before now. And there's dozens of them scandals to the point where at least some observers are now arguing that in one of these pardons, in one case of the among these pardons, the Steve Bannon pardon, the president's pardon might itself have been an illegal act of obstruction of justice by the former president.


So that stuff, too, that has to stay in our field of vision. Even as the new administration moves in and starts to clean up and starts to move us forward, we have to be able to see both things at once. We are still following, for example, the disturbing news broke in late last night by The Washington Post that after Trump's disgraced national security adviser, Mike Flynn, told the president that he should use military force and martial law to seize power despite the election results.


It was Mike Flynn's brother at the Pentagon and on and on the call when Capitol Police and lawmakers called to ask for help from the National Guard during the siege of the Capitol. That request was initially denied by the US Army. It's still not clear why. But to have one of the central figures in the president's election conspiracy and the kuhnen conspiracy, one of the central figures promoting the disaster that was January six to have his brother involved in the Pentagon decision on January six to not send troops to help the overrun Capitol Police.


That is a disturbing storyline that we will continue to follow. I'll tell you just tonight, Mike Flynn's brother, Lieutenant General Charles Flynn, has just done a new interview with The Washington Post in which he denies that his relationship with his brother, Mike Flynn, was any sort of factor in the military's response to the capital attack. That said, the Army has not yet explained why it repeatedly lied when it insisted multiple times that Mike Flynn's brother had nothing to do with that decision, was not in on the meetings, was not in on the call, when in fact he was.


Disturbing story we are continuing to watch that you can't just let that, you know, drift into the mysterious past, right. We're also continuing to watch the weird clown car full of Trump loyalists who the former president installed both at the Pentagon and crucially at the NSA, the National Security Agency, right before he left office. One of them was installed as the top legal officer at the NSA literally two days ago, the day before the inauguration. Trump's aim clearly was to try to burrow these people into the government, into the intelligence community and the civilian leadership of the military in a way that would somehow stick President Biden with having to deal with them in an ongoing way.


It doesn't appear that that will work. And in the case of the guy they forced into the top legal job at the NSA, the Biden administration instantly relieved him of his job upon President Biden being sworn in. They put him on what they call administrative leave. Reporter Catherine Herridge at CBS News first to report that young Michael Ellis was sent home and put on leave on Inauguration Day because of the because of the circumstances of his bizarre 11th hour appointment, which are now under investigation.


And Herridge reports because of new allegations that young Mr. Ellis may have mishandled classified information as part of whatever they were trying to pull off there. You'll also remember that strange late night statement from the outgoing administration the night before the inauguration, President Trump's last night in office, in which President Trump said he had ordered the declassification of material related to the Russia investigation, even though the statement said the FBI objected to that material being declassified and released. We still don't know what that is.


We still don't know if the Michael Ellis gambit at the NSA had anything to do with that effort to declassify and publicize information related to Russia over the FBI's objections. But we will do whatever we can to figure it out. And so, at least for a while, bifurcation of our vision is still necessary. They tried to get away with a whole bunch of really deeply shady stuff on their way out the door. And so now actually is the time to shine a bright light on all that stuff so that they don't actually get away with it.


And did I mention the former president is going to be put on trial himself within the next couple of weeks? I mean, we can we can keep track of two things at once, we have proven to ourselves over these nightmarish past four years that we can do lots of things we never worried about before, let alone thought we can do. We can deal with the flaming bags left on the proverbial porch by the outgoing president and also watch the new team at work.


We can and in fact, we must. It'll be easier some days when we see what the new team is doing, particularly when in the face of this epidemic, we can see that they are finally, finally just going to let the scientists speak on their own terms and without the veil of insanity being pulled down in front of them, apparently we can do that, too. And that makes some of these things more feel more doable than they did before.


We've got that story ahead. Senator Chris Murphy is joining us tonight, Doctor. She's joining us tonight. Stay with us. Lots to come. Hi, everyone. Steve Kolonaki here, you may remember I hosted an NBC News podcast called Article two Inside Impeachment. It followed the developments of President Donald Trump's first impeachment last winter. The article to podcast is back with a special episode bringing you the latest on the second impeachment of Donald Trump. I'm joined by NBC News Capitol Hill correspondent Leigh Ann Caldwell, who is in the capital on the day of the riots to break down the House vote.


And what a Senate trial could look like. Search for Article two inside impeachment, wherever you're listening right now to subscribe for free.


We are not here to curse the darkness, we are here to light a candle. I'm Chuck Rosenberg on my podcast, The Oath. I talk with people who served with integrity and honor, men and women who lights the way. This week, former Peace Corps director Carrie Hessler. In one of the most important elements of service is humility on the part of the person who is serving. We don't enter the community to save people. If anything, we are saved ourselves through service.


Join me for Season four of the Oath, an MSNBC podcast. Search for the Oath, wherever you're listening right now and subscribe new episodes every Wednesday. You're one of the few holdovers from the previous administration, current one, what has been your experience with this new team and in your view, what would have been different in terms of the trajectory of this outbreak from the start? Had a team like this been in place at the beginning?


Well, I can tell you my my impression of of of what's going on right now, the team I don't know if I can extrapolate other things, but one of the things that was very clear as recently as about 15 minutes ago when I was with the president, is that one of the things that we're going to do is to be completely transparent, open and honest if things go wrong, not point fingers, but to correct them and to make everything we do be based on science and evidence.


I mean, that was literally a conversation I had 15 minutes ago with the president, and he has said that multiple times. Well, you know, one of the new things in this administration is if you don't know the answer, don't guess. Just say you don't know the answer. Yeah. Yes. You joked a couple of times today already about the difference in that you feel it being kind of the spokesperson for this issue in this administration versus the previous one.


Can you can you talk a little bit about how free, how much different do you feel? Less constrained. What is the you know, I mean, you for so many times you stood up behind the podium with Donald Trump standing behind you. That was a different that was a different feeling, I'm sure, than it is today. Can you talk a little bit about about how you feel kind of released from from what you had been doing for the last year?


Yeah, but you said I was joking about it. I was very serious about it. I wasn't joking. No, actually. I mean, obviously, I don't want to be going back over history, but it was very clear that there were things that were said, be it regarding things like hydroxy chloroquine and other things like that, that really was an uncomfortable because they were not based on scientific fact. I can tell you, I take no pleasure at all in being in a situation of contradicting the president.


So it was really something that you didn't feel that you could actually say something and there wouldn't be any repercussions about it. The idea that you can get up here and talk about what you know, what the evidence, what the science is, and no, that's it. Let the science speak. It is somewhat of a liberating feeling.


Basically vanished for a while, for a few months there for a while if you feel like you're back.


I think so. I think I think I'm back it is somewhat of a liberating feeling. He says, you know, what else must feel liberating watching the new president and his first full day in office do the very thing you just spent the last 11 months begging the former administration to do to fight the pandemic. Back in March, Senators Chris Murphy and Brian Shots introduced a bill to require President Trump to fully use the Defense Production Act in the fight against covid to federalize the critical medical supply chain to fight the epidemic.


Well, today, it took an election and a new president, but today the next president, Joe Biden, said he would do just that. He says he will use all available authorities, including the Defense Production Act, to fix critical supply shortfalls for everything from from swabs to syringes. Joining us now is Senator Chris Murphy of Connecticut, who has been banging this drum all year long. Senator, thank you so much for being here tonight. Nice to see you.


Thanks for having me.


Good to be with you. How do you feel about what has just been announced as the new national strategy, the new national plan to tackle covid?


Well, first of all, listening to that clip, I've been so happy for Joe Biden over the past 24 hours. I think I'm happier for Dr. Fauci. I'm glad that he finally gets to actually speak truth to the American people without any consequences. But as you mentioned, what happened today is really revolutionary. What the new administration has announced is that they are going to start using the full powers of the federal government to make sure that we have enough PPE, enough testing kits and enough vaccine in order to beat this virus.


And, you know, for for for all the talk that Donald Trump engaged in about being tough and expanding the authority of the White House, he left on the table for 11 months this simple authority, the ability to go command the industrial base of this country to make more of the medicines and the equipment that we need in Connecticut. Rachel, we right now find out on Tuesday how much vaccine we're going to get for the following week. It takes two days for the state to then turn that around.


And by Thursday or Friday, they're ready to let the health centers and hospitals know how much they're going to get, giving those hospitals and health centers two days to schedule appointments to make sure they have health professionals on site. You cannot run a vaccine distribution program where you don't have more than two days visibility as to how much vaccine you're going to have by operationalizing the Defense Production Act. Joe Biden is going to change that because we're going to make enough vaccine.


We're going to make enough testing equipment so that every hospital and every health center in this country knows 30 days, 60 days out how much they're going to get and they can plan for it. That's a life saving. The thing that does strike me is that and this is not an original observation, a lot of people are talking about this, but it does feel like the weird sort of a.. Blessing here is that the first stuff that needs to be done is not the hardest stuff.


It's just the stuff that that's obviously step one, the stuff that plainly needs to be done that isn't even that controversial but just wasn't done. The fact that there wasn't a national plan to get Americans vaccinated, it's not like they had one and it was a bad plan. And now we're going to try a different one. There was no national effort behind that. It's just it's it's it's just remarkable. But I do think it's now now that we're sort of realizing how much wasn't done, I'm not sure how much we the public know how much we're going to see change, how quickly it feels very disorienting to know that a lot of the stuff we thought the government was doing, they just weren't working on.


Yeah, I mean, effectively, the Trump administration gave up after the travel ban didn't work and they were pretty clear about that. I mean, early on, they were telling us all that it was really the state responsibility to buy masks and to set up testing sites when it was impossible for the states to do that. They were competing against each other. Prices were going up, supplies weren't nearly enough. And you're right, it's hard to turn this aircraft carrier around in a handful of days.


For instance, right now, we are going to struggle to have enough workforce to both do all the testing we need and distribute all the vaccinations. Biden's going to try to solve that by hiring a whole bunch of people and training a whole bunch of people to join the medical workforce. But that can't happen overnight. So he's got the right plan. It's just going to take a little while to become fully operational.


Senator, what are you expecting in terms of impeachment proceedings against the president? There's been no discussion, new reporting today and tonight about when that when it might start. In terms of the timing, I find myself wondering as as each day goes on, if the prospect of Republican senators voting to convict is getting to be a dimmer prospect. So I think there's two sides of this. Listen, I do think there were a lot of Republicans who were holding their judgment in abeyance to see how Trump behaved in the final days.


And given that the president did not explicitly organize another mob to Washington, it may be that some Republicans are thinking that they might not vote for conviction. At the same time, every day that we learn more about what happened inside the Capitol on January six, the angrier members of Congress get to see how close we all were to potential assassination. And so if we do do some investigation, some additional discovery, it may make a bunch of Republican senators even more uncomfortable with fully acquitting this president.


So I think the timing to me, I would like to see the nominations in the covert relief bill come first. But I also think that that time may allow us to do some inquiry here that might build the case for conviction.


Connecticut Senator Chris Murphy, sir, it's great to see you tonight. I know this is both an exhausting and for Democrats and a leading time. Thanks for thanks for taking some time to be with us. Thanks a lot. All right, we've got much more ahead here tonight. Stay with us. Hey, everyone, it's Chris Hayes. You know, these days, I find it helpful to just take a step back from the day to day onslaught of news and take a broader look at the issues I haven't had time to cover on my TV show.


All in everything from the legacy of racism in America to how community and creativity can flourish amidst a pandemic. I do it each week on my podcast. Why is this happening? And I'm joined by uniquely qualified guests like Pulitzer Prize winning reporter Nicole Hannah Jones.


Progress does not mean justice or equality or that we are right. After 400 years of black people being in this country, the time for marking incremental progress and patting ourselves on the back for that has been long over.


Author Rebecca Solnit. How do we take care of each other in the context of not being able to physically be with each other in ordinary ways and many others who helped me make sense of what's happening in our society and our world?


I really enjoy your conversations. I hope you will too. So join me for new episodes every Tuesday. Just search for why is this happening wherever you're listening right now and subscribe. This didn't make sense at the time. It still doesn't now, but for reasons that remain unknown, this past summer, the White House took away from the CDC the responsibility of tracking how many Americans were hospitalized for covid at any one time. They said we'll do that inside the administration instead.


CDC, you stop doing that and they totally screwed it up. The covid hospitalization data that the White House released was incomplete. It was erratic. It was riddled with inconsistencies. It's useless. And that's been true not just for the hospitalization data. Part of what's gone wrong in the US response is that the federal government never came up with any plan to accurately track even just new cases in any sort of centralized way, which is why lots of good data scientists and private entities around the country have been trying to make that will themselves since the start of the pandemic.


It's why still, even now, we can't definitively say exactly how many people died of covid yesterday. It depends on which source you're consulting. It's somewhere between forty two hundred and forty four hundred, which is the worst of the pandemic and is terrible. But we can't give you a definitive, authoritative number like from the CDC because federal government data collection has just been essentially abandoned in terms of trying to come up with any sort of authoritative source. Today, President Joe Biden signed an executive order to try to fix that, mandating that the federal government improve on the collection and analysis of covid data.


The order was part of a suite of orders signed by President Biden today calling for the radical health care policies like expanding, testing and identifying new treatments and publishing worker safety rules and developing clear guidance for schools. It's not exactly revolutionary stuff, right? Unless you haven't done that stuff right in the first place. It is. I mean, for one thing, it is astonishing that a year into this, we still have to go as far back as accurately count the number of cases to start getting this thing right.


But that is as far back to basics as we need to go. Joining us now is Dr. Asheesh, John Dean of the Brown University School of Public Health. Dr John. I appreciate you taking the time. Thanks for being here.


Thank you, Rachel. It has been disorienting to me, just as a person who works in the news business, I have a I have a degree in health policy, believe it or not, I have a background in statistics. I grew up as a as a kid in the AIDS movement, was involved as an activist in that movement. I am used to the CDC for anything you might criticize them for being the source of authoritative, definitive, agreed upon data about the size of the problem, number of cases, hospitalizations, efficacy of treatments, number of treatments administered and that sort of thing.


Until Joe Biden started to fix it, I hadn't really reflected on the fact that that's a core issue that's been missing from the very beginning of this epidemic. Yes, Rachel, absolutely right, I mean, data is the lifeblood of any health crisis response or really any response without good data, you have no idea where you are. You have no idea where things are bad or whether things are good. And, you know, obviously, we don't know the motivations of the Trump administration or I can't say for sure, but they have undermined or undermined data collection throughout the entire pandemic.


It hamstrung us. It took us months to figure out that the pandemic was disproportionately affecting communities of color. Why didn't we know that from the beginning? Because we weren't collecting any of that data. And the CDC is the go to source. It's the gold standard and it was sidelined and the entire pandemic. One of the things I'm hoping, Dr. Wilonsky, the new director of the CDC, with this executive order in hand, is going to be able to fix is getting the CDC back in that role.


Dr. Jarvis, two hundred page covid response plan and these new executive orders that were rolled out from the Biden administration, obviously this is something that they were working on throughout the transition. Otherwise they never would have been ready to go so quickly. I know enough about how you feel about the Trump administration's response that I'm sure that you are happier with what the Biden administration is planning on doing than what the Trump administration did. But are there things that they're missing?


Are there are holes in their plans? Are there things you're worried about in terms of the feasibility of some of the things that they're planning on working on, or do you think that they've calibrated it about?


Right. And so it's a pretty standard public health response. I mean, the most frustrating thing about the Trump administration was they just basically ignored all the science, ignored all the public health, and in fact, spend most of the year fighting those of us in public health. This is very, very different. This is a plan that was put together by smart people. It has all of the key features, things that I've been talking to you about for a year, testing, mask wearing, social distancing, ramping up vaccine distribution like it's all the basic stuff.


The challenge is going to be the execution. There's a lot to do. There's a new team coming in place. They're not walking into a situation with the where the let's say the ground is fertile. There's been a lot of problems with the with the previous team. And so what I'm worried about is much more of the execution. The plan itself is pretty reasonable. Dr. John Dean of the Brown University School of Public Health. Sir, thanks for being here.


It's good to have you here, as always. Thank you, Rachel. This is the part where I tell you that tomorrow night at this time, 9:00 Eastern on MSNBC, I am going to be interviewing Dr. Fauci. Dr. Fauci is somebody who we've been trying to get on the show throughout the length of the epidemic. Perhaps coincidentally, there has been a change in administration and now our requests to interview Dr. Fauci have finally been approved. He is going to be here live with me tomorrow night.


I hope that you will be here for that. We'll be right back. Here's something to keep an eye on, as I mentioned at the top of the show tonight, I think we are going to need to have some sort of kind of bifurcated vision for the start of this administration. There was so much of a flaming dumpster fire left behind by the previous administration that while the new administration is, of course, in there now and moving forward on their own terms, they are also having to deal with the flaming mess left behind when they got there.


So we have to watch both of those things at once. And here is one thing to watch on the latter front. The final blitz of controversial pardons by outgoing President Trump may not be as final as President Trump might have thought. That would be, of course, as a general matter, the presidential pardon power is absolute in the Constitution, right? You get a pardon. That's usually final end of story. But if presidential pardons are done wrong or sloppily or honestly without good lawyering, they may not actually work for their intended purpose.


And the Biden Justice Department may run up against that now. Andrew Weissman was, of course, the former lead prosecutor for special counsel, Robert Mueller. He personally headed up the prosecution of Trump campaign chairman Paul Manafort, who has been pardoned by the president. Now, Weissman is now arguing and it's important to note that he waited until the moment Biden was sworn in to make this point publicly. But he now says that Trump's pardon for Manafort was sort of done wrong.


It's very, very narrowly tailored to only specify that Manafort is pardoned for the crimes for which he was convicted. That might not be enough to keep Paul Manafort out of prison because as part of his plea agreement that he dealt with the court that he did before the court plea agreement, he later violated, Manafort actually admitted in court to many additional crimes beyond the ones for which he was convicted of crimes for which he was never formally charged. He was never convicted of them, and he's also not pardoned for them.


Now, Weissman says, quote, The trial on such charges would be unusually simple. Proving the case could largely consist of introducing Manafort sworn admission to the charges from his plea agreement. Weissman also says several other pardons that the president issued, including for Roger Stone, they have the same problem, very, very narrow framing that would allow a Biden Justice Department to pursue new federal charges against somebody like Manafort or Stone fairly easily, despite the wrongly construed pardon.


Now, will Biden, Justice Department, be interested in pursuing such charges? Should they? Watch this space. I'll see you here tomorrow night for my interview with Dr. Anthony Fauci, The Rachel Maddow Show weeknights at 9:00 Eastern on MSNBC.


Hi, it's MSNBC's Hayes Brown. You know, these days there's just so much news to wrap your head around. It's challenging to get a deeper understanding of things. So every morning go beyond the headlines with MSNBC daily. It features Bridon perspectives from people you know and trust, including Trymaine Lee, Maggie Hassan, Liz Plank and Frank Big Luzzi. They'll take you inside the most important issues of our times, issues like systemic racism, domestic terrorism and how we can bridge our political divide.


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