Transcribe your podcast

This is the BBC. This podcast is supported by advertising outside the UK. This is a download from BBC Learning English to find out more, visit our website. Six minutes from BBC Learning English dot com. Hello, I'm Catherine, and this is Rob.


Yes, hello and welcome to Six Minute Vocabulary. Today, we're talking about adjectives that end in icey pronounced ick and adjectives, the end in see a.l pronounced Eckle. First, let's listen to Hannah. She's talking about her favorite books.


Our question today is why does Hannah get most of her books from the library? Listen carefully and find out.


I'm always reading. I like classic English novels by writers like Jane Austen or Charles Dickens. I also like nonfiction, especially books about interesting historical characters. I love buying books, but it's so expensive. Mostly I borrow books from the library. It's much more economical.


So why does Hannah prefer to get her books from the library?


Because it's more economical.


Hannah mentioned that she likes to read novels. Do you remember what type of novels she likes to read?


Listen, once again, I like classic English novels by writers like Jane Austen or Charles Dickens.


Hannah said she likes to read classic novels and the word classic ends. And I see it's an adjective that describes something that's a particularly good example of a category or a particularly famous example.


So novels by Jane Austen and Charles Dickens are classic because they're particularly good and very famous examples of novels, and they've been popular for a long time. So we could say they've stood the test of time exactly a bit like you wrote.


Thank you. You're welcome.


But be careful because people often confuse classic with another adjective, classical, now classical. And again, I see a L has a slightly different meaning. It describes a formal and often quite old style of art in form such as painting, theatre, architecture and so on. Question for you, Rob, do you like classical music?


Oh, occasionally. But I do find it a bit heavy going a bit much as it sometimes seems more of a Beyoncé. Yes, that's me.


Okay, so let's listen again to another clip. I also like non-fiction, especially books about interesting historical characters.


Historical is another. I see L.A. and it means connected to stories about the past. So Rob me, a historical character that you particularly identify with as a hard one.


But I'd say Captain Cook, he liked to travel and he went around the world discovering new places, which is something I like to do.


You do identify with him? Yes.


Okay, well, moving on now, the I see a.. Historic has a slightly different meaning. It describes something important or something that people will remember for a long time.


So if something really important and amazing happens today, we'll say today is a historic day like the day Newcastle United wins the European Cup.


Rob? Okay. In your dreams, I think well, maybe. But if it ever happened, it would be a historic day. Yeah. Now, a quick pronunciation tip for you. We pronounce historic and historical with the stress on the same syllable, in both words, the talk. And it's the same with classic and classical. In both words. The stress is on the same syllable this time.


Clah So historic. Historical, classic. Classical. Yeah. Now listen again to one more clip. Mostly, I borrow books from the library.


It's much more economical, so we use the adjective economical or as some people say, economical with I see a L Ikle when something is cheap or good value for money.


But the adjective economic with icey has a different meaning. Economic means connected to the subject of money and finance.


So we might say the bus is more economical than the train and we would say the country has economic problems, listening to BBC, learning English dotcom and we're talking about adjectives that end in Iraq and echo like economic and economical.


And now it's time for a little quiz. Listen to this then answer question one. Question one, was that an example of classic music or was it classical music, it was classical music.


Not too much for Europe. Not enough. Just enough.


OK, question two, if you watch a film about the past, is it a historic film or a historical film?


It's a historical film. Last question. If you read the news about business and the financial markets, are you reading the economic news or the economical news?


And that's the economic news and that's the end of the quiz world. Yes, well done.


Finally, here's a piece of vocabulary. Learning advice, learning vocabulary alone is OK, but it's often more effective to work together with a study partner, find someone who's learning English, get together regularly and give each other vocabulary tests.


There's more about this ABC Learning English dot com. Join us again soon for more six minute vocabulary by Bhabhi.