This is a download from BBC Learning English to find out more, visit our website, six minutes from BBC Learning English.
Hello and welcome to Six Minute Vocabulary. I'm Catherine, and I'm Finn. Hello. Today's program is all about lexical sets. That's right, lexical sets help us to learn words by grouping them together by topic or word type. So more on that later. But first, here's Dave. He's talking about a flood that happened in his hometown recently. And here's a question to answer while you listen. What happened to all of Dave's possessions?
Well, we had so much rain, it said on the news. We got a month's rainfall. In just one day, the water level rose so high that the river burst its banks and water poured into everyone's houses. It's terrible. My house was flooded. All my things were completely soaked and the carpets are still waterlogged and.
Oh, dear Dave.
Yes. We asked you what happened to Dave's possessions, and he said all his things were completely soaked. They were covered in water and now they're all wet and damaged.
Dave also used a few different words to talk about the flood and its effects. He talks about the rain and rainfall.
Now, that's a way to describe the water that falls as rain over a period of time.
And he talked about water level. That's the height of the water in rivers and lakes. And Dave said it got very high.
It did. And that's what caused the floods.
Now, floods, water level, water, rainfall and rain, these are all on the topic of rain and floods.
And they are also all the same type of word. They're all nouns. So we can group these words into a lexical set.
That's right. A lexical set is a group of words which are all about the same topic and which all belong to the same part of speech. They're all nouns or verbs or adjectives.
So to make a lexical set for activities on a beach holiday, for example, you might think of swimming, sunbathing and surfing.
But what do you like doing on a beach holiday?
Gaffaney. I like sunbathing and eating ice cream. Oh yes. Yeah, yeah. And lovely. And swimming, sunbathing, eating ice cream and surfing are all gerunds. That's noun's made from angry verbs. Exactly.
So same topic, same word type. That's a lexical set.
Lots of people find it useful to learn words in groups like this. They seem to stick in your mind more easily.
That's right. And by learning words and lexical sets, you'll also have more words to choose from when you're talking about a topic.
Let's hear Dave again and see if you can spot another lexical set.
My house was flooded, all my things were completely soaked and the carpets are still waterlogged.
Did you get it? Dave said his house was flooded full of water. All his things were soaked, completely wet, and his carpets still have lots of water in them. They are waterlogged. The words flooded, soaked and waterlogged are all adjectives here, and they're all about flooding.
So there's our next lexicons that there it is.
You're listening to BBC Learning English, and we're talking about lexical sets, groups of words related to the same topic that come from the same part of speech, like nouns, verbs, adjectives, gerunds.
That's right. And it's time for a quiz.
My favorite. Right. I'll say three words and you decide if they make a lexical set or not. And then we'll tell you the answers. Ready?
Number one, tea, coffee, water, lexical set or not?
Well, they're all drinks, so the same topic and they're all nouns.
So there are lexical set. They are another one, swimming, cleaning, sunbathing.
And that's not a lexical set. They're all jerins. But the topic seems to be holiday activities like swimming and sunbathing and cleaning doesn't really fit with that group. Not on not on my holidays anyway, either.
So well done.
If you got those right at home. And we've just got time for a quick vocabulary tip thing.
OK, right here you go find a friend and play a game of lexical set tennis. It goes like this.
You choose a topic like sport and then choose a word group like nouns, and then you take it in turns to say words in the set. All right, Catherine, should we try this?
Yeah. Yeah, common. The topic is sport. And I'll start with football, rugby and boxing. Basketball?
Uh oh, no.
This is more about this at ABC Learning English dot com. Join us again soon for more six minute vocabulary. And I've got another one.
Come on then. Golf.