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This is the BBC. This podcast is supported by advertising outside the UK. Six minutes from BBC Learning English dot com.


Hi, welcome to Six Minute Vocabulary. My name's Katherine and I'm here with Rob.


Hello, everyone. Today, we're going to be talking about different words for jobs and especially how those words change, depending on whether a man or a woman is doing the job.


Yes, I'm listening carefully because we're going to give you a quick quiz and then you'll get a tip to help with your vocabulary learning. Right. So let's get started. First, we're going to listen to Joe talking about how he met his girlfriend, Judith, while you listen.


Here's a question for you to think about. What is Judith's job now? Listen carefully.


Well, I used to be an actor and I met Judith at work, we were doing a play about a policeman who falls in love with a waitress. I played the policeman and Judith played the waitress. And sure enough, we fell in love. Later, I quit acting and now I'm a businessman, but Judith has a successful acting career. Right now she's on a film shoot. She's playing a firefighter for.


So the question was, what is Judith's job now? And the answer is Judith is an actress right now. She's making a film.


The first job that Joe mentioned was actor. Now, this is one of those jobs where the word changes depending on whether a man or a woman is doing the job. So we say that a man is an actor, but a woman is an actress.


That's right. When Joe met Judith, she was playing a waitress. Again, we can say a man is a waiter and a woman is a waitress.


Yeah. So we've got actor, actress, waiter, waitress. You can hear the pattern, Connie. I can, yes.


Judith is playing a waitress in the play. But can you remember what Joe was playing? Listen again. We were doing a play about a policeman who falls in love with a waitress, right? So Joe was playing a policeman and we say that a man is a policeman and a woman is a policewoman.


Now, Joe is a businessman because he's a man. But for a woman, we can say businesswoman.


Yeah. So policeman, policewoman, businessman, businesswoman. Easy, isn't it?


Well, maybe it's not quite so easy because we know that Judith is making a film right now.


But do you remember what sort of character she's playing? Listen again and check. But Judith has a successful acting career. Right now, she's on a film shoot, she's playing a firefighter. OK, so Judith is playing a firefighter, but wait, hold on a minute, Catherine, there's something strange about that word. Firefighter.


Yes, indeed. A waiter is a man and a policewoman is a woman. What about a firefighter, man or woman?


Well, in fact, the word firefighter is the same for a man or a woman. More and more in modern English, people prefer to use words for jobs, which are the same for both sexes.


They do. For example, some people prefer not to use the word actors. They just like to use the word actor for a man or a woman.


And instead of policeman or policewoman, we can say police officer, that's good for a man or a woman, too.


And that's why we say firefighter. We don't say firemen, firemen. We just use firefighter these days for everyone.


Six minutes difference from BBC Learning English.


And we're talking about job words that change depending on whether a man or woman is doing the job and job words that are the same for both men and women.


Those are my preferred options. What about Europe?


I think it's easier and less complicated. Yes. To use those sort of generic words. Yeah, like presenter, like presenter presenters or anything. Yes.


And in fact, some job titles that used to be different for men and women are now being replaced by a single job title for both sexes. So, for example, on planes in the past, we had stewards and stewardesses looking after the passengers.


But now, Rob, we just have we just have flight attendants. Yeah. And instead of a chairman or chairwoman in charge of a formal meeting these days, we often hear the word chairperson. Yes.


Or even just a chair. Okay. Right.


So now it's time to see how much you can remember. And we've got three quick questions for you. Number one, if the word Farman is businessman, what's the word for a woman?


And the answer is businesswoman.


Second, if the word for a woman is waitress, what's the word for a man? Waiter, right? I'm just one more question, if a man can be a policeman and a woman can be a policewoman. What's the word that's equally good for a man or a woman?


It's police officer. Did you get the right well done if he did.


And before we go, here's a top tip to help you learn your vocabulary more effectively when you're out and about walking down the street or sitting on the bus.


Notice the people you see and say the words for them to yourself in English, like a waitress or police officer or presenter.


Indeed, there's more about this at ABC Learning English dot com. Join us again soon for more six minute vocabulary by Bhabhi.