Phrasal verbs and context6 Minute Vocabulary
- 860 views
- 11 Jan 2021
A guide to multi-word verbs and prepositions that can change the meaning of phrasal verbs.
This is the BBC. This podcast is supported by advertising outside the UK. This is a download from BBC Learning English to find out more, visit our website. Six minutes from BBC Learning English. Hello and welcome to Six Minute Vocabulary. I'm Neal. And I'm Catherine. In this program, we're looking at multiple verbs like move move-in, move on, move out and get on, and we call these phrasal verbs and prepositions like in, on or out can completely change the meaning of phrasal verbs.
So we'll be looking at these verbs in sentences to help us understand their meaning.
Let's start by listening to Robin. He's having problems with his housemaid's pit and he has a question for you while you listen. Why is Robin unhappy with Pete?
Pete moved in three months ago. We got on well, at first we were friends, but now it's terrible. He's so messy and he keeps disturbing me when I'm trying to get on with my college work, it's really time for us to move on. We can't be friends anymore. I'm going to ask him to move out and live somewhere else. But he gets home with my family. My brother really likes him, so it'll be difficult for me.
Okay, so we asked you, why is Robin unhappy with Pete?
It's because Pete is messy and keeps disturbing him. What do you think of that now?
I'm not surprised that they were friends at first. Here's what Robin said we got on.
Well, at first we were friends, right?
So here, get on means, have a good relationship and we can work out the meaning of get on by listening to what Robin said next, he said we were friends.
What about Pete's relationship with Robin's family? But he gets home with my family. My brother really likes him.
So Pete and Robin's family also have a good relationship. And to add an object to the verb, get on. We use the preposition with.
That's right. We can say Pete and Robin's family get on and we can also say Pete gets on with Robin's family.
We can now listen to get on in this clip.
And he keeps disturbing me when I'm trying to get on with my college work.
This time. Get on with isn't about a relationship.
No, it isn't in this one. Get on with means. Do or continue doing something.
But Robin can't get on with it because Pete keeps disturbing him.
Pete stops Robin finishing his work and to understand what get on with means in each of these contexts, we have to pay attention to the words around each verb phrase we do.
So get on with usually means have a good relationship when the sentence around it is talking about people get on with is usually about finishing something.
If we're talking about work studies or a project.
Oh, six minutes vocabulary from BBC Learning English and we're talking about phrasal verbs.
We've looked at get on and get on with to talk about relationships.
My brother and sister don't get on but I get on with both of them.
Oh lucky you. I know. And get on with when we're talking about work.
I'm getting on with my work Neil. Good. And we work out which meeting is which by listening to the context.
Let's get on with the program and take a look at some phrasal verbs with Move.
Here's a clip Pete moved in three months ago. It's really time for us to move on. I'm going to ask him to move out and live somewhere else.
So we had move in, move on and move out.
Move in means start to live in a place. If you want to say who you're starting to live with, use with like this.
Pete moved in with Robin six months ago to say the place that someone started living years into instead of in.
Pete moved into Robin's house six months ago.
Now move out is the opposite. It's when you stop living somewhere and go to live somewhere new.
So it describes a change.
It does and move on also describes a change. But not just about housing. Move on has a sense of progressing to something different. So Robin is going to end his friendship with Pete near?
Well, that is certainly a change.
And now we must move on to with time.
Number one, I'm getting on with my school project is getting on with here about a a relationship or be finishing something and it's B, it's about finishing something, a school project.
Number two, I'm not very happy with my job.
I have to make a move in. B, move out or C, move on.
And it's C, move on. It's about changing to something new. OK, the last one I've just found a new flat.
I'm a moving in or B, moving on next week and it's a moving.
And that's what we say about starting to live somewhere. And that is the end of the quest.
But before we go, here's that top tip for learning vocabulary. When you see or hear a phrase or verb, pay close attention to all the words in the sentence. Write the sentence down if you can. That will help you learn and remember the meaning. That's a good tip.
I know there's more about this BBC Learning English dot com.
Join us again soon for more six minute vocabulary by.