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This is the BBC. This podcast is supported by advertising outside the UK. This is a download from BBC Learning English to find out more. Visit our website. Six minutes capita from BBC Learning English dot com. Hello and welcome to Six Minute Vocabulary. If you're serious about vocabulary, we'll show you how to learn it. I'm Finn and I'm Alice.

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In today's show, we're going to look at a very interesting area of vocabulary prefixes.

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We'll look at what they are, what they mean and how to use them. They'll be a quiz and we'll leave you with a top tip for learning vocabulary.

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But before all that, we're going to hear from Dave. He's just got back from lunch, but he isn't happy.

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Now a question to think about while you listen.

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What was the problem with Dave's food and what was the problem with Dave's food? Let's find out.

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I just tried the new seafood restaurant, and I wish I hadn't, it was intolerable to start with, my seat was really uncomfortable. I had no room to move and the menu was very misleading. The photos look nothing like the actual food. When my food came, it was uncooked. I told the waiter, but he disagreed. He said it was fine. He said he'd eat it himself. And I looked in the kitchen. It was really unhygienic.

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There was food all over the floor. It was a disgrace.

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So Dave's pretty unhappy.

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And what was wrong with his food? Well, he said that it was uncooked, it was cold and raw because it hadn't been cooked.

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Not very nice. Well done if you got that right at home. Now, Uncooked is an example of the vocabulary area we're looking at today. Prefixes.

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Yes. Prefixes or as some people say, prefixes, prefixes, prefixes. A prefix is a small part of a word, usually just a couple of letters that we put at the front of a base word to change its meaning. For example, the prefix un spelt U n is added to happy to make unhappy, which means not happy.

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And Dave was unhappy about the restaurant.

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And yes, he said the seats were uncomfortable, meaning not comfortable, and the kitchen was unhygienic, meaning unclean, not clean.

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Yeah, that's un meaning not. And all today's prefixes have the meaning of not. So Dave said the meal was intolerable. Intolerable in spelt I n is another prefix that can mean not and poor Dave couldn't tolerate the meal. No. Now let's listen to a bit more of Dave.

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I told the waiter but he disagreed. He said it was fine.

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The waiter disagreed with him about the food. The prefix dis spelt the s means not or to do the opposite. Like disagree to not agree. Yes.

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And Dave said it was a disgrace. They should be ashamed of it.

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Let's hear today's prefixes again.

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Okay, so the first one was an unhappy, uncooked, unhygienic, unclean in intolerable, inexpensive. This disagree disgrace, you're listening to BBC Learning English dotcom, and it's time for a quiz, try to work out the word that finishes the sentence ready.

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Number one, the advert said that the phone was five pounds a month, but it didn't say anything about the 50 pound set up fee. It was very A, unhappy B in expensive or C, misleading.

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The advert made people believe something that isn't true, so it was very C misleading.

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Now, number two, this letter has come to the wrong house.

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There's been a mistake, B, disgrace or C, disagreement.

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It's not correct, so a mistake. Yep, well done if you got those right.

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And that brings us almost to the end of today's program. Before we go, here's a top tip for learning vocabulary. If you look up some of today's words in a dictionary, you'll find lots more words, starting with the same prefixes. Many of them may be words that you already knew without the prefix. So when you add a prefix, you get two words for the price of one.

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That's brilliant.

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Sounds like a good way to quickly double your vocabulary. Very good, isn't it?

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There's more about this at BBC Learning English Dotcom. Join us again for more six minute vocabulary by.

[00:06:10]

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