This is an all ears English podcast, Episode 14 56, crank up the volume to use natural phrasal verbs in English.
Welcome to the All Ears English podcast downloaded more than 150 million times. Are you feeling stuck with your English? We'll show you how to become fearless and fluent by focusing on connection, not perfection, with your American hosts. Lindsay McMahon, the English adventurer, and Michelle Kaplan, the New York Radio Girl coming to you from Colorado and New York City U. S a and to get your transcripts delivered by email every week, go to all ears.
English dot com forward slash subscribe Bernabe clam up, shake up, crank up today, get hand curated natural phrasal verbs using up that you will never find in any English textbook. Listen in for real English today.
Hey, Lindsay, how's it going? Hey, it's going well, Michelle, how are you doing today? I'm good. I'm good. Did you say that it snowed near you? Yes, I did. And the date, actually, guys.
So it's not coming out October 1st, but we are recording September 10th.
So we almost had an August snowstorm here. It's crazy because over the weekend it was like 97 degrees in Denver. And then on Monday, no Tuesday.
By Tuesday, it was cold enough to snow. It was like, you know, like a 60 degree swing in temperature.
Oh, my gosh. Oh, my gosh. Why that happened. But maybe it's related to global warming. I don't know. But crazy stuff going on around here.
Yeah, yeah. Yeah, definitely. Oh, my gosh. That is crazy.
Yeah, I remember actually. Wow. I just totally made something up because it's a song lyric.
There's what can I say, a song lyric or.
No, I don't know, I don't know where are and I'm not going to say I'm not going to say it but there's there's a song lyric in a certain song about it's snowing at a strange time of year. And it was always like a very funny and it just like made us laugh because once there was a big snowstorm at a family event anyway. And I just took that as having happened in my real life. And it was weird. Michelle, that's weird.
Wow. OK, all right.
But I do remember in New York, there was once a huge snowstorm on Halloween around Halloween, and it was like insane. And that's kind of a little bit early. So, yeah. Anyway, sometimes that's true.
Halloween snowstorms used to happen where I grew up in New Hampshire, too. But that was the absolute earliest that I ever saw on the East Coast. First snowstorm, you know.
Yeah, that's kind of like, wow.
So anyway, today we had a question from a listener about phrasal verbs, which is always I mean, always we can never do enough phrasal verbs everywhere.
We have so many phrasal verbs to teach you guys. So don't worry, that will be a lot of more a lot more episodes in the future. So looking forward to it. Definitely. Definitely.
So before we get to the question, guys, we want to remind you to listen to the Eilts Energy podcast, right, Lindsay? Yeah, for sure.
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OK, cool. Amazing.
All right. So, Lindsay, would you read the question for us? Yeah, here we go. So this is from Roberto. I'm OK. Hi, my name is Roberto. I'm from the Dominican Republic, but now I'm living in Canada. My question is about up the word up. Right? So the preposition up. I've seen this a few times, like burn it up and so on, but I'd like to go deeper in this area.
Thank you so much, Roberto. OK, awesome.
So burn it up. Burn it. Do you know this one?
I mean, it's not not like in isolation. Maybe it means something in a certain context that I'm not totally aware of, you know, is like a slang term, to be honest. I don't really know.
But I will say something. Sometimes I'm burning up like if I have a fever or if it's really hot out, like it's been super hot this summer in Denver, like it feels like you're under a hairdryer. And I could go out. I could say, I'm burning up. It's so hot.
Yeah, I'm burning up. Yeah, yeah, yeah definitely. But yeah I agree with you for burn it up. I mean I do see I am looking at the dictionary and it talks about, you know, destroying something. Yeah. Yeah.
I quote something completely with fire. Heat.
Yeah. But I don't really hear that much like you said.
I hear, I hear it more just like burn up. So it could be that a lot of people use this. So but yeah that's what it's not so much in my vocabulary.
Yeah. I mean there's so much Michel that we could do with phrasal verbs. It makes me think of the verb, tear it up just to like, you know, in a metaphorical way saying like just attack this thing, just do an awesome job, just tear it up. Right. So we all kind of have our own ways to use phrasal verb. So that's why this is so fun to get into. Absolutely. Yeah.
Also for burn up, I mean I think of like sunburns like I think, oh, I always burn up when I stay out in the sun for too long or or if you like you said like if you're getting too hot you've been out for a while, I'm burning up, let's go inside or or even with a real fire like I'm going to burn up my old yearbook so I never have to think of high school again.
Right. So I guess you could say I'm going to burn my old yearbook up or. In that way, it is useful. Yeah, and krayzelburg can get tricky, right? Some in some cases you can split the adverb in the preposition, in other cases you can't. So that's why we got to immerse ourselves in English as much as possible. This kind of makes me think. Did you see in the papers, Michel, that San Francisco, like the sky in San Francisco this week, is literally.
Yes, yeah. That orange orange because of the wildfires. Guys, this summer of 2020 has been crazy for wildfires in the western U.S. I mean, we could smell smoke from the California fires here in Colorado. Wow. Yeah. So the sky in the beginning of September in some cases in San Francisco is actually kind of orange. It was eerie looking. Wow.
Yeah. I saw there was a picture of somebody put up there of their child like just like in front of the sky. And it looks so it looks like the end of the world.
It really does. It's freaky. So I don't know. But yeah, that just made me think of that. So. Yeah, yeah. Definitely so yeah. Lindsay, you're right about the separable and inseparable phrasal verb. So yes, I could say I'm going to burn my old yearbook up or I guess I could say I'm going to burn it up. So yeah, I don't know why.
Like that's not the first thing that I thought of, but for some reason just just seeing burn it up in isolation, just like seemed like I don't know that I don't say it, but in this context I guess I do.
Well, I think that it's two different things. I think with some phrases there are slang expressions where you could just say that alone, like burn it up. It must mean something. We don't really know exactly what I mean. Right. But in some certain slang context, with some community, it means something. OK, but then there's also when you're rough, you're referencing your yearbook. You're having a conversation about high school. I'm going to burn it up my yearbook.
I hate it. Right. That also means something a little different. So it's like we can take these phrasal verbs, put a pronoun in the middle and it means something completely different. It has its own meaning.
Right. Right, right. Right, exactly.
So, yeah, we are going to also talk about just up, you know, in phrasal verbs.
So because Roberto was asking about the word up and so that's what we're going to go into today. So lindsy we also have episode three.
Sixty three way back over a thousand episodes, which is Growe versus Grow Up. How to tell the difference in English. So that would be a helpful one. And like I said, we have talked about phrasal verbs a lot on this show today.
We're going to give you some unique ones that will make you sound very fluent and natural. And guys, again, like we said, we can always use more phrasal verbs in our English. Yeah.
And guys, I really think the key with phrasal verbs, because it's so unique to English, right machol and especially to American English, I think just don't get discouraged, you know, learn learn one from today's episode, not, you know, not seven or you don't have to learn them all perfectly and don't have a perfectionist attitude. Have a connection. Attitude, right. Connection, not perfection. Try to notice natives using it. Just have fun with them because they are kind of tricky.
So don't get discouraged.
Right. That's just what I want to say. Exactly.
I love it.
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OK, so let's get into them so the first one, Lindsay, what is it? OK, so to clam up, this is a great one. Yeah. So do you clam up a lot, Michelle?
I mean, sometimes, like when I'm in a social situation where I don't know anybody and sometimes in a networking situation, what am I.
Yeah. So. So sometimes. Yeah. That's what it means. Right. So when you don't say anything, when you literally think of yourself as like, as Michelle said with a clam closing in protecting itself. OK, so you start to feel worried, scared, nervous. I know that where this might be the same thing. What I'm really scared. I don't speak much like I won't be like talking, mumbling, that kind of thing. I just won't I'll be very quiet.
So that might be part of it. Yeah, I talked about that recently.
Yeah. Yeah. Because I'm the same way. Like, why don't you know some people. I think when they got nervous they get very chatty.
But for me I've actually had friends tell me like that they know when I'm nervous because all of a sudden I kind of withdraw like I don't I don't like just keep talking and talking and talking.
That's when I feel uncomfortable, but I get quiet. Interesting. Interesting.
But I think this particular clam up is more in the social context right now. So much like pure fear, right?
Yes. You walk into a there's a ghost or something. No, I don't think it's quite the same thing. I sure guys, this is very social specific. OK, so for example, Rachel clammed up after the presentation because she felt it didn't go well. So maybe she came off the stage and she didn't talk to anyone. You know, she went into herself.
Right. Right, right. Exactly. Exactly. So the next one is shake up.
Yeah. What's that, Michelle?
Well, this one is to basically freak someone out or make someone uneasy or upset. So maybe they're very surprised by something. So, for example, Tommy shook me up when he told me that his company was going bankrupt.
Yeah. So that. Yeah. Really shakes you up when you hear certain pieces of news. I mean, it feels like every day we get that news now in politics.
But, you know, when there's some big disaster in the world, like obviously 9/11 this weekend I was at a party and we were talking about like the core experiences that defined us in our generations. And for me, I said mine was probably the crash of 2008, but it was 9/11. Right. Walking into the student center and seeing the plane on the monitor, crashing to the World Trade Center really shook me up. Yeah.
Yeah, definitely. I remember. Yeah, I was in French class. Oh, yeah.
What year were you when I was a sophomore in in in college. OK, yeah. Yeah, yeah. So I remember being in French class and I don't know, I didn't really at first it was just like yeah I didn't get it.
And then I remember it in a weird way. I didn't, it took me some time for it to really register. I think at first I was in denial or I didn't understand or whatever. But I remember the next year on the first anniversary, I remember I actually remember going into the bathroom at my house after watching the TV.
And I was like, really crying. I remember.
Yeah, well, it really like I think it changed our country. I mean, it completely changed our country. And I think it really shook a lot, gave us that sense that we're not invincible. I think a lot of Americans until then had carried on this and like this country is invincible. And I think that really cracked that myth.
You know, a lot of heart, lungs. Yeah. But we can go into that old topic another day. I bet our listeners would definitely.
Yeah. Oh, yeah. I'm not sure I would. Yeah.
OK, anyways, the next one is crank up, which means to increase the intensity of something.
So I think of this with volume or maybe energy that you're putting into something like exercising or maybe with air conditioning or heat. Right. Totally, totally.
This is very I like these phrasal verbs that you've chosen today, Michelle, to because our listeners really wouldn't find these in a textbook so much, you know.
Yeah, exactly. Exactly. So, guys, this is not textbook English. These are I tried to pick ones that are more unique.
Yeah, they're unique. They're native. My dad used to say this a lot when Creedence Clearwater would come on the radio.
We, like, crank it up. That's cute, right? So exactly. Because I like. Can you crank up the radio? I can't hear a thing.
Do you, Linda, do you like to crank up the radio when you're driving or do you like to keep it silent and focus on things or just like kind of enjoy the quiet these days?
I actually like to listen to a podcast. I'm in the car, to be honest. But when I was a kid, oh, man, I was the first of my friends to be able to drive at 16, you know, and so I would drive all my friends that we would crank up the radio on my Volvo drive around the town.
Yeah, we used to love to crank it up.
Nice. I love it. OK, Özlem. All right, Lindsay, what's the next one?
All right. So to free up. OK, so what is. This mean, Michelle, this is about taking away or clearing an obstacle so that something else can be used or done. So, for example, can we free up some space on the table for this new computer?
OK, so it's basically like to make space. Yeah.
Or I need to. Or in your schedule. Right. So I need to free up some time tomorrow for my meeting. So you move things around, you create a block of time or space somewhere. Yeah. Right, right.
Right, exactly. So all right. Should we do one more. Yeah.
Let's do one more. Like this last one here. What is it Michelle. Touch up. Hmm. So to improve something.
Right. Usually in kind of a small way, if you think about what the verb touch means, it just means a light pressure. You're putting on something. Right. Right, right.
Right, right. So exactly. You could say something like, hold on one second. I need to touch up my mascara before we leave.
Yeah. Or I also think of touch up paint for a comb.
Right. Yeah, right.
Maybe a little chip. You can actually buy bottles that match the paint on your car and you can just touch it up yourself. So. Yeah, definitely, yeah.
Have you had to touch up your car recently. Yeah.
I don't have a car right now thing. Oh you don't have one now. No I haven't had a car in years because I've always lived in cities, you know, Tokyo, New York, Boston, where I didn't need cars in those cities.
But now I might need to get a car soon here in Denver because, you know, you need a car to get out to the mountains and that kind of thing.
Yeah, yeah, yeah, yeah, yeah. Definitely. So, guys, so those are the phrasal verbs that we're going with for today. These are really helpful. They're really unique. I tried to pick some ones that you're not going to find in your textbook, and I think you should try them today. You know, in general with Brazil, verbs don't get intimidated.
Like Lindsey said, start slow, pick one, pick one from today and use it, the one that you think would apply most to your life.
Yeah, and I think that's a great way to learn. Just choose one as your theme. Learn it that way. And that's going to help you categorize the new terms in your head.
Yeah, I love that idea and have fun with it. Choose one that you feel like you'd enjoy saying and talking about based on your life. Make English your own guys. Right. And make it about connection. That's the key to getting fluent and getting to that advanced level where we know you guys want to get OK. And Michelle, I just want to mention remind our listeners, guys go over and subscribe to the world's energy podcast before we finish up today, because, again, lots of good old stuff going on in the month of October.
Definitely. Go on over there, guys. So, Lindsay, this was a fun and thanks to our listener for that question and.
All right. Well, we'll see you guys on the next one. All right. Thanks, Michelle. Talk to you soon. Bye bye.
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