This is an all ears English podcast, episode 1552 avoid flawed pronunciation with today's tips about past tense.
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You as a when it comes to English pronunciation, how can you know if the past tense of a verb is voiced or voiceless or if it ends in it?
Get all of the fun rules today to sound natural and native when you talk about the past in English.
How's it going? Aubrey, how are you feeling today? I'm great. How are you, Lindsey? I'm feeling good. You know, I love podcasting, so if I'm on the mic, I'm usually pretty happy.
So I'm just happy, no matter what of all. Could be terrible in the world. But we're recording a podcast, so we're happy. That's right. That's right.
But we're back to pronunciation today in this series. Right on pronunciation. So glad to be here.
Yes. We told you guys we were going to do this one. The sort of a continuation of the past tense with Ed, because sometimes it sounds like Dede or Ed, like sometimes that makes a second syllable.
So we're going to talk to you guys about when that happens today. This is a good one. I know.
And we've done a couple of other ones, right, for our listeners. Maybe they're brand new listeners or they're just finding this series. What were those episodes that we did? Yes.
So the last one we did was number fifteen, forty three. Now, the first one was 15, 43 and then fifteen, forty eight. So check those out. Those are the other two in the series and it's all about pronouncing the letter T in the American native accent. We had a student ask a really good question about this.
And last time we talked about when Ed in the past sounds like T and today we're talking about the rest of Ed when it sounds like D.
Exactly. And guys, if you love these episodes on pronunciation, then let us know. Send us and send me an email. Lynsay it all in English dot com. Let me know your pronunciation question because we can definitely cover pronunciation a lot more on this show, right? Obree.
Yeah. This is such a good opportunity to do that. Where you're hearing the audio, you're hearing specifically how things are pronounced and why they're pronounced that way.
So, yeah, let us know if these are helpful for you and you like them.
Yeah. Send us an email. Yeah. It's even better if you're using the app. Right. Use the app so you can see the transcripts in there. But I want to let you guys know that you can take our simple fluency quiz a two minute quiz and get your fluency score. Aubury, what is the fluency score as that means?
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So, so called. Go there guys and take that quiz real quick. So. All right. What is the role that we're getting into then today, Horbury?
OK, so now we're talking about voiced sounds because if the verb base ends in a voiced sound, then the ed sounds like. Yes.
So we talked a little bit about this last time. If you guys missed it, voiced sounds, use the vocal chords. So if you touch your throat, you hear or you feel a vibration or humming.
Hmm. So, for example, all the ones we're talking about today are voiced sounds, whereas Voiceless does not make that sound.
Yeah, yeah, exactly. And we made a funny comment last week that it's kind of crazy to go around the world in your throat. But guys, you know, you don't have to do that.
We want to ask anyone to do that. But you can start to feel it in your voice. You start to notice what your vocal chords feel like when you're saying these different sounds and just, you know, work from there.
Exactly right. So the first one is El, which is a voiced sound. So for the words rolled called, you hear how that Ed makes that does sound because the letter right before the sound, right before the Ed is a voiced sound.
OK, all the old sound.
Right. That's in our throats that's voiced. Yeah. I can feel my my vocal chords kind of moving up and down or when I do that for sure. For sure. OK, the next one also voice right. Ln Right. The sound you have. So the words, some sample words guys be pinned. What does that word mean. Obree Pend.
Well I think of wrestling, it's wrestling and they pin someone to the floor. If they're, they're like holding them down they would be pinned. Yeah I'll do that to my kids. Sometimes they loved to wrestle like or wrestle wrestling and just pinned under the ground and they fight to try and get free.
That's fun. That's awesome. I love that. So that's a good example. Word, guys, that one might be new for you. So write it down and then cleaned. We all know this word. Do you like to clean up?
Unfortunately, no. I hate cleaning. Do you like to clean? Does anyone like to clean? No, no.
I like it better when I can see the results of my work, you know what I mean? As opposed to living in a place that's cramped and you just can't see the difference.
Oh, I love the feeling of a clean house. Oh yeah. I just don't like actually doing the cleaning, but it's a necessary evil.
Exactly. Exactly. OK, what's another one.
The next one is our third offered and you hear that. You feel it in your throat and so it makes that.
Yeah, I love it. And then the next one is the sound so I can feel my throat moving up and down. Some words here are raged and damaged. OK, are you like a road rage driver.
I'm curious. You get like road rage. Interesting with the past tense. Have you ever been have you ever been a road rage? Oh, good question.
I don't tend to to get that, but like, every once in a while I'll get mad. But no, I don't really act on road rage.
It's terrifying to watch. The other enraged at right. We had an N it becomes enraged, so that's going to get enraged. Yes, I definitely can get enraged but not really driving. I feel like I'm a pretty calm driver.
So what makes you enraged by social injustice makes me enraged saying, yeah, yeah, that makes sense.
So these days are tough because there's a lot of injustices allowed right now. Exactly. Yeah.
And I think it's that feeling of a little bit of helplessness, of not knowing exactly what to do to make a difference to that.
That is enraging because you're frustrated with yourself and you're frustrated society and it's much bigger.
Oh yeah. That makes sense. Interesting. Interesting. OK, good stuff. Maybe we'll revisit that another day. That topic just as a conversation topic. Who knows that would be right.
OK, so the next one is for the letter V like grieved and loved. Yeah.
Perfect. OK, you guys know those words. Hopefully. And then the next one is the sound but it's written as an S sometimes. Right.
Yeah. Sometimes there's an S like abused and used. Yeah. And sometimes as a Z with the same sound amazed and crazed. It's the same sound but written with a Z. But either way for both S and it's the sound that matters. So the both the Ed sounds like got it.
When I think of the word crazed I think of like a crazed fan, you know, like I'm a groupie for a music band or something, a crazed fan that just like follows around this group and just loves them so much.
Yes. Good and bad. Good or bad. Exactly. Exactly.
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The next one is W. The worst sound yet, but when it is like sometimes it's a little silent, like flood, you don't actually pronounce that at all. Flood, OK, but sometimes you do, like, followed. You hear the.
Either way, it sounds like D.. Yeah, I think this fourth floor like a do you have any floors or do you consider yourself a flawed person. I am a flawed person.
That would take quite an ego for anyone to say that they're not a flawed person. Right. I certainly have my flaws. We haven't seen any of them. No, no. You know, I have some I think my worst flaws this is really opening a can here.
Here we go. Already.
Sometimes I feel like I. I expect too much of others to my detriment. Like, I if I'm a very dependable person, I want everyone else to be dependable. And it's like I'm setting the standard too high so that I'm either disappointed or frustrated with friends that I shouldn't be I should give them a little grace, a little more patient and understanding.
So I'm working on that.
I don't expect so much. But it's good that you recognize that, though. That's really. Yeah, that's important. And it can be really frustrating when people don't live up to our expectations. Right.
But at least I recognize that. Flosse, I can tone it down a little.
Yeah, I love that.
I think my biggest flaws that I'm too hard on myself, like I have pretty high expectations and always will. I don't know. I always think I could have done better. It's always that feeling, you know.
Yeah. That can knock at you for sure. For sure.
OK, let's do the next one. Last one right is the sound that is made sometimes by Y and sometimes by H.
A like Obaid, which is written with White and then Wade which is the Eddie.
Yeah. So a lot of vowel sounds going on today here right. Yeah.
W the y the a sound guys you're going to want the transcripts for this, make sure you have your hands on the transcripts as you're reviewing today's episode.
So you could see these words. OK. Yes, exactly right.
OK, and then we have a very simple rule for the last sound that Ed can make when it sounds like it and is a separate syllable. It's if the verb base ends in it or T or D, right.
So for example, created, wanted, hated. You hear how it makes it two syllables. Got it. It feels like this is the lowest hanging fruit.
Like you guys can make this right away. Right. This is it.
Oh this is it's like you were mentioning on the last episode. We do hear native sometimes do this when they shouldn't write. You'll turn a word into two syllables when it shouldn't.
And this is why it's confusing, because sometimes it is right now, you know, to watch if that verb base ends in T or D, that's the only time it should sound like two syllables.
Yeah. You mean you hear students doing it? For sure? I do. I've heard that before. We don't want to do that. We want to make sure guys just think of it. It's simple. T or D you get the ed. OK, awesome. Offered some sample. Words are weeded, pleaded or guarded.
OK, yeah. OK, so we do a role play. Sure. Why not. All right, I'll start us out. OK, I was really productive this morning. I rolled out of bed and immediately cleaned my bathroom and then we did our backyard. Oh nice.
So proud of my very productive, very productive. I said I'll say, oh nice. I called my mom and we had a great chat.
I am always amazed how much time can go by. And suddenly I realize I haven't talked to my mom in a while. I used to call her every week. Oh.
A friend once offered some advice that if you have five minutes free, you should reach out and catch up with someone because five minutes is enough to show them you cared enough to think of them.
Yes, if I had followed that advice, I'd be much closer to friends from my youth. I have grieved for relationships that were damaged just because I didn't stay in touch. Oh, what happens to the best of us?
We are all flawed. It's all right. Let's talk about the words we use. So I said I rolled out of bed. Yeah. And immediately cleaned my bathroom. Look at me cleaning and we did our backyard. So the first two rolled and cleaned are that first verb where it sounds like.
Yeah. And then we did this where it ends or the D you notice. So it becomes two syllables.
Yeah. So that's that easy rule that we gave you at the very end guys. If it ends in the tier the D we have the ID. OK, cool. And then I said I called my mom. So that one that sounds like the voiced one is that the voice. One called my mom. Yeah.
These are all the let that sound right before the is the voice sounds. Every one of these were plans so called and then amazed with the zeer.
Yeah. And then a friend once offered right to the sound, offered some advice.
So the voice sound right there. And then you said that five minutes is enough to show them you cared enough to think of them. A friend actually did give me this advice. I was like, I'm not staying in touch with people.
And a friend said, if you have five minutes, you can call and you'd be surprised how long of a conversation you can have in five minutes and you really feel like you care about them enough to chat.
And catch up a little bit, and so I've started doing that if I'm driving or if I just have five minutes, call somebody. Oh, I like that advice. I've also lost some friends from just being lazy.
It's such a shame we can't stand that good one.
Good one. And then I said if I'd followed that advice and I said, I've grieved for relationships that were damaged just because I didn't stay in touch. And this I sort of just threw this in the real place.
I wanted to say damaged.
But you don't know that. It's interesting to talk about a relationship being damaged.
It usually is something that's more proactively hurtful, that happens for a relationship to really be damaged.
If you're just talking about not staying in touch, would say, like I've I've lost touch. I don't feel like I have a strong relationship anymore.
But to talk about a damaged relationship, probably one of you did something hurtful.
Exactly. So that doesn't exactly work there. But it could, you know, something like drifted apart. Right? We drifted apart. Words like that. We could do another episode on how to say that a relationship has kind of moved in different directions. Yeah, good idea.
Yeah. And then your last one, I said it happens to the best of us. We're all flawed. What a statement to finish up.
This is true. But, you know, may as well own it, admit it, be OK with it.
At least we're aware of our flaws. We're aware of our flaws. Yeah. That is the first step in fixing our flaws. There you go. So, guys, these are some great examples of that voiced sound. I love that. Yes.
And yeah, that's the thing is we just want you to be confident in your pronunciation. Take the take the time to practice these.
Definitely check out the transcripts so that you're comfortable with these and you have that confidence to start conversations, to make connections and know that you're using the correct pronunciation. Oh, my gosh, that's so true.
And so take this episode, go and start observing, go turn on maybe friends if you can get it on Netflix or something. I don't know, a TV show and start to notice these past tenses, how people are pronouncing the past tenses and then try to put them in the categories. That'll be your first step, right. To really being able to pronounce them correctly, don't you think? Obree Exactly right.
It's so fascinating that one question about how the letter T is pronounced can be in a series of three podcasts, because it is tricky. There are so many different nuances just to the letter T, so I'm glad you guys were able to, you know, check out the episodes if you missed them and yeah. Practice practice using t like an American.
Exactly. And guys, this show is for you guys so send your questions in. We want to know what you want to learn on this show. So send your questions to Lindsay at all is English dot com and go get your fluency score right now. Go to all area English dot com slash fluency score. So good. So good. Yes.
This is a fun series. Very good times. Good times. We'll see in the next one. All right. Bye bye. Take care.
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