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Hello, this is the global news podcast from the BBC World Service with reports and analysis from across the world. The latest news, seven days a week.


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Hello, I'm Oliver Conway and this edition is published in the early hours of Saturday, the 3rd of April. The U.S. capital goes into lockdown after police rammed by a car. The driver and one officer are dead. We hear from a doctor in Myanmar treating victims of the military crackdown. And the Netherlands becomes the latest country to pause the Oxford AstraZeneca coronavirus vaccine.


Also in the podcast, I think there might be an element of like cultural translation to be done here.


Like if you're a Brit and you do something of any kind of renown that people regard well and people start saying the bee was, are we about to find out who will be the next James Bond?


Less than three months after the U.S. Congress was stormed by supporters of Donald Trump, the capital has again been the scene of violence. A man drove his car into two police officers before hitting a barricade. He then brandished a knife before being shot.


Sakib Islam, a journalist, was outside the capital.


I saw him running towards the Capitol. There was FBI and other agencies who were here. I saw a couple of that smoke coming out of the Capitol building. So at this point, we are locked out. We cannot get into any building.


The suspect was taken to hospital and later pronounced dead. CBS News named him as Noah R. Green from the state of Indiana. One of the officers also died. He's been named as William Billy Evans. Yogananda Pittman is the acting chief of the U.S. Capitol Police.


The suspect rammed his car into two of our officers and then hit the North Barricade Barrier Assets Time. The suspect exited the vehicle with a knife in hand. Our officers then engaged that suspect. He did not respond to verbal commands. The suspect did not lunging toward US Capitol police officers, at which time U.S. Capitol Police officers fired upon the suspect.


Members of Congress were not in session at the time. Both the Senate and the House of Representatives are in recess for the Easter holiday. Last month, the authorities in Washington began to dismantle some of the security, fencing and other measures put up after the storming of the Capitol on the 6th of January. I got the latest from Washington and our correspondent Larry Medawar.


So what we do know is this individual, a 25 year old man nor Green has been identified. And we are starting to learn more about who this individual was. He's believed to be an African-American man who was a follower of the Nation of Islam and who appears from his social media posts to have a certain degree of paranoia, might have been suffering from some mental health problems.


Yeah, because initially at least the police said they didn't think it was terror related. Is that still their assumption?


That is still the working theory that this was an individual working alone. He was not on any watch lists maintained by any law enforcement agencies.


He was not on their radar, essentially, but coming less than three months after the capital was stormed. How has it been allowed to happen that a police officer is lying dead?


A second police officer died defending the Capitol today. The last officer, Brian, died during the attack on the U.S. Capitol on January 6th. This will lead to a lot of head scratching about the security failings around the U.S. Capitol. It was a heavily fortified and protected area after the January 6th into insurrection around the inauguration. And after about March of that security and the fencing and the National Guardsmen has begun to come down. I was at the U.S. Capitol on Friday last week picking up my media badge.


And there was only one barrier that I needed to go through. And this is the barrier that this individual breached and drove right into this to U.S. Capitol officer. So a lot of questions will happen. One of the proposals has been for permanent fencing around the U.S. Capitol complex. This is controversial. Americans are very proud of the fact that the seat of their government, the seat of that democracy, is open to people to walk in, to the citizen, to come in and take pictures and to meet their elected representatives.


And they don't like the idea of locking it down.


Larry Medawar in Washington. Since the coup in Myanmar two months ago, the military there has killed 500 people, 40 of them children, according to human rights groups. Now, China, which has been slow to condemn the crackdown on protesters, has said it wants to see calm restored. A UN human rights official has said Myanmar is spiraling towards greater violence. Razia Iqbal has been speaking to Dr. Tahir, who works at a hospital in the main city, Yangon, and who has seen the impact of the bloodshed.


I was working in the Yangon General Hospital previous days and there have been a lot of patients are coming into the hospital with gunshot wounds and some got open fractures in the limbs, you know, their arms and legs and some got gunshot wound in the abdomen. And, you know, this is the very situation. So I've never seen before the SunGard the shot in the neck and head and they got in the spot.


Do you know colleagues, doctors, medics, nurses who have been arrested inside hospitals?


There are not many doctors arrested in hospital, but the marriage and doctors living in the clinics are getting treatment, getting lots of threatening, and they have to see a way to the other places. My friend, a doctor from Sardar Gon give. Recent information that they make an announcement to arrest all the merits in San Diego and also the Jamaican rescue organizations, including the ambulance and the medics, that's why they are not there to live in the township and they have to flee and run away from the township.


So none of the ambulances go for no reason.


When people are brought into the hospital with injuries, they're just making their own way. There aren't any ambulances or there are fewer ambulances.


Yes, because there are not so many ambulances and they use their own vehicles, you know, like cars and motorcycles.


Are you nervous yourself for your own safety? Yes, of course, because they are threatening lots of matters. And that's why I am afraid, afraid enough, because I'm going to the medical centers and clinics as well as the hospital. That's why, because most of the ambulances don't go out. It also set upon the injured patients. You know, some might get a heart attack. And one of the patients contacted recently and that is the abortion case and they want to go to the hospital.


But now the ambulance is there to go out.


But but you will continue to work as a doctor or will you try and leave Myanmar? Many people are trying to leave. Yes.


Yes. Because we left Myanmar. We have to live in our country and there are bad situations. That's why I keep treating patients. No matter how they threaten. The other medics and other doctors and nurses will do the same as me. They won't leave us. They won't leave the people, and they will continue to make a way to give the treatment to the patients.


Dr. Doctor, talking to Razia Iqbal from Yangon in Myanmar. The coup there has also raised tensions on Myanmar's northern border with Thailand, where the Karen tribe has long battled the military. Our South-East Asia correspondent Jonathan Head has this report.


Snaking through the forested hills in front of me as the great Salween River, which divides Myanmar from Thailand at this point. And just across, I can see an isolated Burmese army post just a few huts with the Burmese flag flying above them. Much of this territory, though, on the other side of the river is still controlled, as it has been pretty much since Myanmar's independence more than 70 years ago by the insurgent Karen National Union, the KNU. Now, that makes it ideal territory in many ways for a rival provisional government opposing the coup to establish itself.


But any formal cooperation between the civilian opposition and the various ethnic armies that have been fighting in Myanmar for decades is going to be a lot more complicated and difficult.


Ethnic Karen people on the move through the forest there among thousands who fled from their villages after a series of bombing raids by Air Force jets. Some crossed over to Thailand, but were sent back except for seven wounded by the bombs who were treated in hospital.


When I was hit, I couldn't walk, said this woman. She believes her mother and father are still hiding in the forest. The world's oldest civil war has flared up again after the military coup. The Karen are being hammered by the Burmese military, in part because the KNU is giving more support to the antico movement than any of the other dozen or so armed ethnic groups offering shelter to activists and politicians fleeing repression in the cities. But the KNUS foreign affairs spokesman Polozola Tahnee, speaking to me from somewhere close to the border, worries that they can't accommodate too many fugitives right now.


More than 2000 people came to our area and we were trying to build a safe, safe house for them in our area. From the humanitarian perspective, we do believe that is the good things for us to do. This is a challenge for us to take care of their basic foods and the shelter.


But there is another issue holding back an alliance between the urban opposition and the ethnic armies, and that's the historic mistrust between the majority Bomar population and the minorities.


We still need time to build trust because we get a lot of lessons from our struggle.


So we'll stay in need to be built into a true statement of the protest movement, which emerged after the coup is conscious of this trust deficit. Younger protesters in particular have publicly acknowledged on their posters. The failure of previous generations of dissidents to champion the grievances of Myanmar's minority communities.


Now the committee representing the parliamentarians ousted by the coup has published a new draft constitution promising to make Myanmar a truly federal country for the first time. And says spokesman Dr SACEUR, rebuilding that lost trust.


Our constitution that we have declared our promise full protections for the rights of all ethnic organizations and ethnic nationalities in the country. I myself ethnic tune. That's why this federal union building become so important. Trust and relationship will be going from strength to strength.


So will Myanmar's antico movement evolve into a truly nationwide effort to end the long decades of military dominance?


Our South-East Asia correspondent Jonathan Head in Thailand, the UK medicines regulator, says seven people have died as a result of rare blood clotting events after getting the Oxford AstraZeneca coronavirus jab.


There were a total of 30 cases overall out of 18 million doses in the Netherlands. The vaccine has now been suspended for the under six after five reports of blood clots in women out of a total of 400000 people who've had the jab. One of the women died. Rebecca Morrell is our science correspondent.


A link between these rare blood clots and the AstraZeneca vaccine hasn't been proven, but the UK regulator is investigating. So these clots are unusual in that they're associated with low platelet levels. And platelets are a type of blood cell that normally causes bleeding, not clotting. And they can these clots can affect the brain, too. So what needs to be unpicked is whether these are happening naturally or there are really rare reaction to the AstraZeneca jab. The incidence is low, so 30 cases out of 80 million.


So that's about one event in every 600000 AstraZeneca vaccines. And the UK regulator said there have been two cases of brain blood clots with the Pfizer vaccine two. But these don't have the low platelet counts associated with them. So they're slightly different. But these clots have caused some countries to actually restrict who they give the vaccine to. So today, the Netherlands has announced that it's not going to be given the AstraZeneca job to people under the age of 60.


Germany are doing the same thing, too. But the UK is continuing with its vaccine rollout in the UK. Regulator stresses, along with the European Medicines Agency and the World Health Organisation, the benefits of having a vaccination and the protection that they offer from coronavirus far, far outweigh any potential risks.


Rebecca Morrell, a Japanese scientist who played a key role in developing LED lighting, has died at the age of 92. Isamu Okazaki was one of three Japanese researchers who won the Nobel Prize for physics in 2014 for his work in developing the energy efficient technology.


As Richard Hamilton reports, Osamu Akasaka grew up in the southern Japanese city of Kagoshima, and his schooling was interrupted by the Second World War as a child. He said he was fascinated by crystals and that his devout Buddhist mother encouraged him to follow his dreams. Light emitting diode, or LED lamps last for tens of thousands of hours and use just a fraction of the energy of the incandescent light bulb invented by Thomas Edison in the 19th century. Red and green diodes had been around for a long time, but devising a blue LCD was the Holy Grail, as all three colors are needed to recreate the white light of the sun.


The three scientists finally made their breakthrough in the 1990s after three decades of painstaking research when they managed to coax bright blue beams from semiconductors. When asked why his earlier efforts to invent the light bulb had failed, Edison famously replied, I haven't failed. I just found 10000 ways that haven't worked. Similarly, Asama Okazaki, speaking in 2010, encouraged young scientists not to be deterred by their errors like a one on one when you were taken to rejuvenate.


Yoo hoo hoo anite.


There is no better way to learn something than by experiencing it yourself. Experience is the best teacher when you try something new. Don't be afraid to fail. The final leap is a kind of intuition, but there is the experience of failed experiments up to that point and I really treasure it. You have to go through failures and trials.


In the same interview, he said that when he announced his initial results at an international conference, there was no reaction. I felt alone in the wilderness, he said, but he was determined not to give up, even if that meant going on alone today. LEDs are used in everything from street lighting to fridges and smartphones. In 2014, the Nobel jury described the invention as revolutionary. Incandescent light bulbs lit the 20th century. They said the 21st century will be lit by LED lamps.


Richard Hamilton on some Akasaka, who's died at the age of 92.


And still to come on the podcast. It's a very different it's 60 percent deeper than the Titanic and it's smaller. It's only one twentieth.


The displacement of Titanic diving down to the world's deepest known shipwreck.


Oxfam has suspended two of its staff in the Democratic Republic of Congo over allegations of sexual exploitation and bullying. The aid charity, which was hit by a scandal in 2018 involving its workers in Haiti, said the suspensions followed an investigation launched in November. Oxfam also said it had reported the latest claims to the regulator in England and Wales. The Charity Commission. The details from Duncan Kennedy.


It was in 1961 that Oxfam began work in the Democratic Republic of Congo, or DRC, on humanitarian projects. Now it says two members of staff there have been suspended as part of an investigation into allegations of abuses of power. According to the Times newspaper, a group of more than 20 current and former Oxfam staff wrote to senior leaders at the charity, saying the allegations concern 11 people with claims ranging from sexual exploitation to fraud four years ago. Oxfam was engulfed in another scandal in Haiti over allegations its staff members had used prostitutes.


The Charity Commission, which investigated Oxfam over the Haiti allegations, says it's liaising with the charity about the new claims. But Helen Evans, who resigned as Oxfam's global head of safeguarding in 2015, says the commission isn't equipped to investigate large international charities.


The charity commission is is there principally dealing with UK based charities. But these are charities with incomes of three 400 million pounds operating in many countries in complex working environments. It needs a regulated Beninese ombudsman who is set up to deal with those complexities.


Oxfam says it's acutely aware of its duty to survivors and is working hard to conclude the investigation in the DRC.


Duncan Kennedy, a number of state media organisations in Russia have released videos intended to discredit Alexei Navalny while he's on hunger strike in prison. The opposition leader says he is in severe pain, but the authorities are not allowing him to see a specialist doctor. The videos claim he is in good health. Sarah Rainsford in Moscow.


Alexei Navalny has been calling for a specialist doctor to visit him in prison, saying he's in sharp pain in his back and his legs are going numb. Instead, he was visited by a TV crew from the Kremlin channel Arte. The team was led by Maria Buthayna, a woman who spent 18 months in custody in the United States for working as an unregistered Russian agent there in this prison encounter. She harangues Navalny in one of the clips released by the politician can be heard off camera describing a torture regime to which Maria Buthayna declares the Russian prison is better than a hotel.


Aarthi, who got an exclusive guided tour of the place presented as a model facility that's for Alexei Navalny, his health. Several short clips of video taken from prison cameras have also been leaked today in a clear and coordinated attempts to discredit him. They show Vladimir Putin's fiercest critic walking, not limping across his cell. Kremlin media have seized on those images as proof he's lying about his pain, not a victim of political persecution, but a banal crook, one report says, calling his claims of ill treatment a myth.


Mr Navalny, his allies have lashed back, saying the only person qualified to comment on his health is a doctor. And the opposition politician has said he'll refuse all food until the specialist he's calling for is allowed to examine and treat him.


Sarah Rainsford in Moscow. Here in the UK, a row has broken out between the government and some of its own MPs over possible plans for coronavirus vaccine passports. The idea, which is also opposed by some opposition MPs, could mean people need to provide evidence of vaccination before being allowed into pubs, stadiums and theaters. A final decision has not yet been made, but the Culture Minister, Oliver Dowden, says such a scheme could help reopen the economy.


This is not about a vaccine passport. It is about looking at ways of proving that your cobleskill, whether you've had a test or had the vaccine. Clearly, no decisions have been made on that because we have to weigh up different factors, the ethical considerations, the song. But it may be a way of ensuring that you can get more people back doing the things they love.


Opponents say it would infringe civil liberties. Silkie Calo from the campaign group Big Brother Watch said the proposals were unthinkable.


In order to be able to execute this, we will have to have digital IDs that go into the backbone of the NHS. And the first thing attached to this digital idea is going to be very sensitive health data. This is the stuff of dystopian nightmares. And worse, we're going to see citizens policing each other to impose this kind of exclusion and segregation.


Denmark is introducing a digital. Vaccine, passport of its own next week to allow people to visit hairdressers, restaurants and cinemas. The BBC's Adrienne Murray told us more from Copenhagen.


Essentially, a customer is going to have to have a basic form of a Corona pass to be able to get an appointment. Now, what that means is you have to have proof of either a negative test within the last 72 hours or proof that you've been fully vaccinated or that you've previously had coronavirus within the last 12 weeks. The first version of current is just a basic form where people can log on to an existing platform called My Health. Everybody in Denmark has what's called a CPR number, and the country's already quite digitalised.


So this is existing technology. People can log on with a secure app and find their health records. This will give the latest test results or vaccination results, and they'll be able to show this when they enter a business. There's also going to be a possibility of supplying fiscal documents to people that don't have smartphones. But later in May, that's actually going to be a more advanced version. A digital pass is going to be based on a QR code.


When you speak to Danish businesses, when you speak to Danes, do they say this is a good idea?


There's definitely a lot of support from big business that see this as a way of getting the economy going again, also for business travel. There's an expectation that this can be used not only within society in Denmark, but also to travel overseas. I think in general, Danes are supportive of the way the government has handled coronavirus, and they see this as a way of getting back to normal life. However, having said that, there are some concerns. Of course, some of the smaller businesses are wondering how this is going to be policed.


The onus is on businesses themselves to check that people are adhering to the rules. Otherwise they might face fines. Others think a year ago there might managed to reopen without the need of a Korona pass. And that happened quite successfully last April, May, June. There are those as well that have voiced concerns that this could create a two tier society of those that have access and those that don't.


Adrian Murray talking to my colleague Rahul Tandon from Denmark earlier in the lockdown. It was hard to avoid Bridgton. The period drama was a huge hit for the streaming service Netflix.


It tells the story of the wealthy Bridgitte and family in Regency England. Starting in 1813 series. One boasted quite a few scenes of unbridled passion, and it turned the English actor reggae gene page into a star. But it's just been announced he won't be back for series two. And as arts correspondent Vincent Dowd explains, there's much speculation as to why reggae is on page has been acting for years.


Being Duke of Hastings made him famous.


I cannot stop thinking of you from the mornings. Yes, to the evenings. You quiet to the dreams you inhabit. My thoughts of you never. He was born in 1990 to a Zimbabwean mother and an English father in him. And found a handsome, likeable leading man. Audiences quickly fell for. Now he's leaving unexpectedly. And there are fans online asking why he's cast in the film Dungeons and Dragons. But people had already been suggesting reggae's on page.


Could be the answer to a tricky question. Who's to take over from Daniel Craig as the new James Bond page has already addressed the rumors on American TV?


I think there might be an element of like a cultural translation to be done here, like if you're a Brit and you do something of any kind of renown that people regard well, and people say in the BBC, you know, it's like a merit badge. You get the B word merit badge. It's a badge.


Over the years, there have been lots of people tipped as the next bond, but seven needs reinventing. Reggae's on page is at the right point in his career and he take bond in a new direction.


Vincent out. A submersible has reached the world's deepest known shipwreck, the USS Johnston. Six and a half kilometers beneath the surface, the US Navy destroyer sank after being attacked by Japanese forces in the Philippine Sea. Victor Vescovi piloted the sub, which found the sunken ship.


It's a very deep wreck. It's 60 percent deeper than the Titanic and it's smaller. It's only one twentieth the displacement of Titanic. So it doesn't take very long to actually survey it. Two years ago, they found the smashed remains of the stern part of the Johnston, a couple of dozen mounds. But what we believe happened now is that the ship sank and that the stern of the ship collided with the sea floor and part of the wreckage fell off.


But then the vast majority of the wreck actually slid down the very steep slope, about 30 degrees to much, much deeper water. But my submersible that has no tether and it's rated to unlimited depth. We had no problem just continuing to follow the furrow down and down all the way to six thousand four hundred and fifty plus meters. And that's where we actually picked it up on sonar and found the vast majority of the wreck intact and sitting upright with the hole.


No, clearly visible. And that's what was so fascinating. So, I mean, a lot happened. And finally, we have been looking for hours for the wreck. And finally we kept going down. We had no idea how deep it was. It was actually quite exciting because we didn't know if it was like 10 meters away or another 500 meters down. It was very exciting. I served 20 years in the Navy and knew the history of the ship.


It's amazingly courageous. Captain, who is a three quarter Native American who was just an extraordinarily brave man, who won the Medal of Honor for what he did that day, the only destroyer captain ever awarded the Medal of Honor or two. So for me, it was actually a pretty special emotional moment. And I felt so privileged that here I was, a former naval officer. I was the first person to lay eyes on the wreck since it went down under Japanese gunfire me six years ago in an interesting way, because the wreckage so deep, there's very little oxygen down there.


And so while there is a little bit of contamination on the hull from marine life, it's remarkably well intact except for the damage that it took. And so you could see the shell holes. But we were actually pretty surprised that the two forward gun turrets are right where they're supposed to be. They're even pointing in the correct direction that we believe that they should have been as they were continuing to fire until the ship went down. It's currently a hypothesis, but it is the ultimate tale of a naval David versus Goliath, where the little destroyer Johnson exchanged gunfire with the largest battleship ever constructed.


And we know that the American Navy, through the sacrifice of the Johnson and the work of its sister, ships the Japanese fleet, the battlefield.


Victor Vescovi, Cristiano Ronaldo. His passion on the football pitch has helped make him one of the most successful players of all time. Now a baby in Serbia has become an unlikely beneficiary of his latest outburst. The captain's armband, which the Portuguese star through to the ground in frustration, has sold at auction for 75000 dollars, raising money for potentially life changing medical treatment. Balkans correspondent Guy Deloney takes up the story.


Renaldo staged his one man protest in the dying moments of Portugal's match in Serbia last Saturday. A debatable refereeing decision denied him a last minute winner, and he threw away his armband and disgust. A quick thinking firefighter on duty at Belgrade's Red Star Stadium retrieved it after the Portugal captain stormed off the pitch. He passed it on to a charity which staged the three day online auction to benefit a six month old boy with a rare neuromuscular disorder. The anonymous winning bid of around 50000 pounds will help towards a target of around two million pounds for medical treatment.


The sale marks a happy ending to the otherwise unedifying tale of a superstar's Temperton.


From Ghida Lowney And that's all from us for now, there'll be an updated version of the Global News podcast later. This edition was produced by Daniel Mann and mixed by Johnny Hall. The editor is Karen Martin. I'm Oliver Conaway. Until next time. Goodbye.


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