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This is the Global News podcast from the BBC World Service.
I'm Gareth Barlow. And in the early hours of Tuesday, the 6th of April, these are our main stories. The police chief in the US city of Minneapolis has told the trial of the white officer accused of murdering George Floyd that his actions deviated from the policy and values of the force. Jordan's former crown prince is accused of plotting against the royal family has promised to remain loyal to the Constitution. More than 100 gunmen attack a prison and police station in southern Nigeria, freeing almost 1900 inmates.
Also in this podcast. I'll be honest, I was tired of the screaming is at the end of a night after a concert. And I was getting to the point where I think the possible association between heavy metal music and deafness is revealed in a new film, More Noise a bit later on. The trial of the white former police officer, Derek Shervin, who is accused of murdering the unarmed black man George Floyd, has entered its second week giving evidence, was the Minneapolis police chief.
Matari Arredondo fired Derek Shavon following the death of George Floyd, which sparked nationwide protests against racism. Mr. Shervin put his name on Mr. Floyd's neck for more than nine minutes. Speaking after being shown a photograph of that arrest, Mr. Arredondo said the restraint methods used by Mr. Chauvin violated his department's policies.
That action is not de-escalation.
And when we talk about the framework of our sanctity of life and when we talk about the principles and values that we have, that that action goes contrary to what we're taught. As you reflect on Exhibit 17, I must ask you, is this a trained Minneapolis police department defensive tactics technique? It is not.
The jury also heard from the emergency room doctor who attempted to treat George Floyd.
Our correspondent Larry Mador is in Minneapolis following the trial we had from the beginning of the day from Dr. Bradford Langenthal, who is the senior resident on duty the night that George would arrive at the Hennepin County Medical Center. And he's the one that tried to resuscitate George Blood for about an hour before concluding that he was in cardiac arrest and pronounced him dead. He concluded his opinion that George Ward died from asphyxia, oxygen deficiency, which is something that the defense contests and will spend a lot of time bringing other experts to dispute that.
But the critical testimony today is that of Chief Arredondo. This is the Minneapolis Police Department chief who is testifying against his own former officer, which is highly unusual for a police chief to take the stand to testify against somebody he hired. In this case, he fired their children in just a day after the death of George Floyd. He has told the jury that their children violated department policy. And this is not consistent with training the values or the ethics of the Minneapolis police department, though we've had from one criminal lawyer in Minneapolis who says that may be so, but it's confusing for the jury because it's not exactly clear if that constitutes a crime in itself that they should convict their children for.
And with regard to the ethics and the training, the fact that this de-escalation policy, this is where it gets potentially interesting, isn't it? Not that it wasn't an interesting case already in the fact is what is and isn't against the law and whether the policy is, is the law itself.
That is what this entire case essentially centers around. What is objectively reasonable for the defense of their children argues that everything he did was consistent with his training and any other reasonable officer present in the same circumstances will do the exact same thing. The prosecution, the Minneapolis police department disagree. They say that when George Cloyd stopped resisting, they should have stopped using excessive force. And when he looked like he was in distress, he was verbalizing it. They should have rendered aid.
They have a duty to do so.
Larry Mido, Google has been spared having to pay potentially huge damages after the US Supreme Court ruled in its favor in a long running copyright dispute with a technology rival called Oracle. Justices ruled that Google's incorporation of Oracle's Java programming language that's computer code in its Android mobile operating system was fair use with the details. His letter Tofik.
The ruling sets a new precedent in how U.S. copyright law applies to computer code. The Supreme Court ruled six to two in favor of Google. Justice Stephen Breyer, writing for the majority, said allowing enforcement of Oracle's copyright would risk harm to the public. So many programs used Oracle's code that such a move would turn computer code into a lock, limiting the future of creativity of new programs, with only Oracle holding the key, he said. Reacting to the news, Oracle said the court had damaged other companies ability to compete with Google.
Netta Tofiq. Now to Jordan and the Hashemite Kingdom, whose family history can be traced back to the 10th century. But now, could mediation efforts put an end to the current crisis, which has seen a former crown prince accused of fomenting a coup? Prince Hamza, who has been placed under house arrest, denies the allegations, and he's bitterly criticized what he says is corruption and misrule in the kingdom. And he's refusing orders to stay off social media.
US see the other side show you the situation is a bit difficult. The guards have totally withdrawn. The chief of staff came over to threaten me on behalf of the other heads of the agencies. I recorded his words and sent it out to my family and friends abroad. Just in case something happens. Hold on to that from the moment I am now waiting to see what they will do. I'm not going to make any moves or escalate the situation. But for sure, I won't obey when the head of staff tells you that you cannot go out or tweet or reach out to people but are only allowed to see the family.
This is totally unacceptable.
On Sunday, officials announced that Prince Hamza had liaise with people who had contacts with foreign parties in a plot to destabilize the country. I heard more from our chief international correspondent.
Least he says the latest we heard and it was announced on Twitter post from the royal Hashemite court, and they said in keeping with the traditions of the Hashemite family that King Abdullah has asked his uncle, Prince Hassan, to mediate in this crisis.
And the Twitter post also said that Prince Hamza had accepted that this was in the tradition of the family. Now, there's some irony in this, of course, because Prince Hassan is also a former crown prince. And if anyone was upset by the change in succession in 1999 when when King Hussein died, it was Prince Hassan because he was the crown prince. And weeks before King Hussein died, he suddenly changed his mind and appointed King Abdullah, he said.
But here we are now in 2021, in the worst crisis within the family ever, a very public airing of criticism within the family. Prince Hassan is coming to the rescue as the wise old man of the family to try to resolve this in the family.
It's going to be hard, though, like you say, it's going to be hard. And is that a sign then of the fact that the king is taking this route as to the severity of this crisis?
I think it is more an affirmation that this is a royal family, the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, and it has been a pillar of stability, for better or worse, in all of Jordan's history.
Jordanians know that even though there have been protests against the king, against alleged corruption and misrule, Jordanians also know that if they look across their borders, there's the instability in Iraq, there's the war in Syria, there's Saudi Arabia, there's the West Bank. But it's also true that what Prince Hamzah has been criticizing also strikes a chord in a country which is still reeling to an ever greater degree by the economic crisis made worse by the pandemic. So this is an affirmation that in a royal family, you try to resolve your matters within the family.
They weren't able to do that. That is why it has exploded in the open. They're going to keep trying to do it. But the fact that King Abdullah didn't do it already indicates there's some way to go.
The BBC's list is set now to Israel. And prosecutors have accused the prime minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, of treating fevers as currency during the first day of evidence in his trial on corruption charges. While he was in court, the Israeli president, Reuben Rivlin, announced that he doesn't see how a new government can be formed after a fourth general election in two years failed and the political stalemate. Yola now has been following events from outside Jerusalem District Court.
This was a day that showed once again the deep divisions in Israel over the fate of the country's longest serving prime minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, near the court's entrance. Protesters demanded that he step down.
And just down the street, his supporters expressed fury over Mr. Netanyahu's trial on charges of bribery, fraud and breach of trust, all of which he denies.
The noise filtered into the courtroom where the state prosecutor, Liet Ben-Ari, summarized the case. She alleged the prime minister used the powers of his office to demand and obtain improper benefits from Israeli media owners to advance his personal interests. He sat and listened silently, leaving after an hour when the first witness was called. But later on his Facebook page, Mr. Netanyahu gave his response attacking the justice system. This is what an improper use of governmental power looks like, he said.
This is what an attempted coup d'etat looks like.
It's a unification. Meanwhile, at his office in Jerusalem, President Reuben Rivlin met party leaders for talks that underlined Israel's protracted political stalemate. The fourth general election in two years didn't give Mr. Netanyahu nor his rivals a clear mandate. Mr. Riverlands decision on who should be asked to form the next governing coalition is expected in the coming days.
You now in Israel. The Nigerian authorities have confirmed that almost 900 inmates escaped from a prison in the southeastern town of a Wari when was attacked by gunmen on Monday morning. And the gift of our BBC Igbo service managed to get to the prison facility a short time after the attack.
When I arrived, the. And yet I found out that the prison yard was on fire, so some fire trucks are ground trying to put down the fire. About three government vehicles belonging to the prison were on. So many vehicles were smashed and damaged. We saw one casualty, a civilian. When we asked around, they mentioned that he is an inmate who was trying to escape during the attack. There were heavy gunfire all over the south. People who were living close to the prison yet were all running away from their houses.
Very heavy gunfire.
I heard more about the attack from our correspondent, Maione Jones, who's in Lagos.
Some people said it sounded like a warzone, really kind of heavy artillery. And as the morning kind of emerge, as Dawn emerged, we started to get details that a local prison had been attacked. Also, a nearby police station had been attacked and some 30 cars there were burned down. So a significant attack.
By all accounts, a significant attack and a significant number of people allegedly involved in and the Nigerian police is accused a separatist group of being behind this. What more do we know?
Yes, a police source told us that about the attackers numbered about 100. And the police have since released an official statement. They say that these attackers had very sophisticated weapons. They said they had machine guns, rocket propelled grenades, rifles, all sounds very intense. And they are blaming a separatist group which has now been banned by the indigenous people of Biafra iPod. They are also blaming an affiliate group of theirs, the Eastern Security Network. They say that they have significant evidence that these groups were involved in this attack.
I think it's important to say to the spokesperson for the pope has reportedly denied this in local media.
Biafra would have been on the lips of many people in back to the late 1960s, early 1970s. What is the situation in the region now in terms of security and in terms of attacks like these?
Yeah, they've certainly been a lot less common in recent years. And some of your listeners might be aware of a figure called Nnamdi Kanu. He is a leader of the indigenous people of Biafra who's, you know, try to revive the movement and this idea of of carving out an independent state in southeastern Nigeria. But he's also been at large for many years now. And this movement was seen as perhaps being on the back foot over the last two or three months.
We've seen a rise of attacks, particularly against police and armed forces in southeastern Nigeria. Trucks have been attacked. Police stations have been attacked. Just last weekend, the police were blaming hop, saying that they arrested 16 members of the group and accusing them of carrying out these attacks. But as I've said earlier, this is something the pope denies.
Maini Jones in Nigeria. India has recorded almost 140000 coronavirus infections in a day, the highest number of new cases in a 24 hour period anywhere in the world since the start of the pandemic. Vaccinations are now being stepped up with everyone over the age of 45 eligible for the job. Tough new lockdown measures have also been imposed in the western state of Maharashtra, which accounts for around half of all new cases and deaths.
The BBC's been getting messages from people who've been affected by the latest lockdown.
Hi, I'm Connoisseurship from London Lastra, our digital marketer and a student of international studies. So most of my client base is small and medium small businesses here, which will mostly affected by the last year's lockdown. And now the government come here with another longdon in small cities like under most of the retail space, escorted by the small and medium small businesses. And in turn last year they were shut down due to lockdown and no government going another lockdown affecting their businesses, their personal lives.
They couldn't spend more, and it's indirectly affecting people like me whose sole businesses depend on their client base. So I think this is a nightmare for the small and medium small businesses and for people like me.
For more on the situation, Yoga LMA sent this report from Mumbai.
The usually noisy streets of Mumbai have fallen silent again as lockdown restrictions come into effect here and elsewhere in Maharashtra state. Most activities are banned until the end of April, except for essential services. Public transport, farming, factory and construction work services are also being seen in other parts of the country. Dr Ramanan Laxminarayan, who's an epidemiologist, explained why there were so many cases.
It's a natural consequence of the fact that a lot of people are still susceptible to the virus. There's virtually no restriction in complete compliance with Maskin, which is not surprising because cases were way down just two weeks ago and the vaccination program, while impressive, is still covid only about 60 per. Million Indians, which is a small fraction of the population in India, has been Mass-producing, the Oxford AstraZeneca vaccine, and has sent shipments to more than 70 countries so far.
But now it's halted exports of the jab to speed up its domestic inoculation drive. While the government has not confirmed if new variants and in particular the one from the UK are behind the current surge. Doctors say what they're seeing now appears to be more infectious than last year. The number of people who've died in India relative to its population is a fraction of what's been seen in the worst affected countries. But the rate of testing is also far lower. And so some experts say the scale of the outbreak could be a lot bigger than what the numbers show yoghourt in America.
Still to come, LG was very interesting from a design point of view, and there are some sort of notable moves that they made.
One of them was the LG chocolate slightly before smartphone days.
With the demise of LG mobiles, we ask what went wrong? More than 100 people have now died after flash floods and landslides hit Indonesia and East Timor on Sunday. The affected area stretches from the Floris Island in eastern Indonesia to East Timor. In Indonesia alone, at least 80 people have died, with dozens more still missing. A tropical cyclone which is now pounding the region is making it difficult to evacuate survivors with communities inundated by floodwater. Here's our Asia editor, Rebecca Henschke.
Torrential rains caused dams to overflow and triggered landslides, wreaking havoc and destruction. Residents say they had very little time to save themselves, but others are houses on the mountain. We had to dismantle the zinc roof. We went out through the back door and pulled ourselves out with a rope with the power cut.
In many regions, people are trying to leave and reach temporary shelters. Local officials say there's an urgent need for food, blankets and medicine to provide the people who've lost everything.
We only managed to salvage whatever we could save. Compared to the possessions, our lives are more important. We saved the items we might die. It's better to save ourselves. The remoteness of some of the areas affected and continuing heavy rain in rescue workers are struggling to reach survivors. Indonesian National Disaster Agency warning the death toll is likely to rise in the capital, Jakarta. President Joko Widodo said he had ordered the disaster relief efforts to be conducted quickly and offered his condolences began to to young men.
Dallam. I would like to express my deep sorrow for the victims who died in this incident. And I also understand the sadness experienced by our brothers and sisters due to the impact of this disaster through landslides and flash floods are common across the Indonesian archipelago.
During the rainy season, environmentalists have warned that they're getting worse due to deforestation and have called for urgent action in neighboring East Timor, where the flood waters reach the presidential palace. A massive cleanup job has begun.
Rebecca Henschke, the British prime minister, Boris Johnson, has said he will be having a beer at the pub next week, confirming that customers will be allowed back outdoors in England. But he told a news conference there was no room for complacency about easing coronavirus restrictions. He said that whether international non-essential travel could resume in mid-May would depend on the situation with new variants and the efficacy of vaccines in resisting them with more details. Here's our political correspondent Damian Grammaticus across England from next Monday.
Whole areas of life that have been forced to remain closed for months will now begin to open up a trip to the shops that have been shopped. The library, the gym will be possible again. All retail businesses will be able to open their doors, not just those deemed essential. Along with public buildings like community centres, a beauty treatment or a manicure will be possible. Cafes, restaurants, bars and pubs will be able to welcome customers to as long as they're seated and served at tables outdoors.
Travel in England will be possible with holiday accommodation opening as long as it's self-catering and not shared with anyone else. The Prime Minister announced the relaxation, saying the road map to re-opening is on track.
We will move to step two of our road map reopening shops, gyms, zoos, holiday camp sites, personal care services like hairdressers and of course, beer gardens and outdoor hospitality of all kinds.
And on Monday the 12th, I will be going to the pub myself and cautiously but irreversibly raising a pint of beer to my lips.
Boris Johnson warned people not to be complacent. So social distancing restrictions and limits on how many people could meet up remain in force in England. If you're outdoors, it's a maximum of six people or two households. If you're indoors and in shops, it's still your family and bubble only. He's also urged people to make use of rapid home testing kits that will be given out free to anyone who wants to try to identify those who have covid but no symptoms.
And while he said he was hopeful foreign holidays might be possible from mid-May, that could not be announced at this stage.
I do not wish to give hostages to fortune or to under estimate the difficulties that we're seeing in some of the destination countries that people might want to go to. We don't want to see the virus being imported into this country from abroad. Plainly, there is a surge in other parts of the of the world. And we have to be to be mindful of that and we have to be to be realistic.
And Mr Johnson also confirmed that there will be trials of so-called vaccine parts. Sports, but said there was no question they would ever be needed for going to the shops, a pub garden or the hairdresser, the scientific advice, though, warned of a resurgence of the virus later in the year, saying it could not be ruled out.
Damian Grammaticus and with regards to the rest of the UK, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland are following their own fairly similar paths out of the strict lockdown that was imposed at the beginning of this year. The South Korean electronics giant LG was once a big force in the world of mobile phones, and LG once teamed up with the designer label Prada to produce a device that was sought after. But its place as a leader in mobile is noble creatures, says skills like.
That was the sound of a slick advert for Elgar's Velvet's smartphone, which was launched only last year. Now the company has said it will end production and sales of its mobile phone business because of its continued slump. Amid stiff competition, sales of LG Smart smartphones have been tumbling. The company's local rival, Samsung, is estimated to have sold about 10 times more phones than LG did last year. Chris Hall is the editor of the technology website Pocket Lint. He's been telling Rob Young about Eltis mobile phone hayday.
LG was very interesting from a design point of view, and there are some sort of notable moves that they made. One of them was the LG chocolate slightly before smartphone days. And then they had the LG crystal, which had a clear display that popped out that had all of the dial pad on it and stuff like that, so that you had a dual functionality on your phone. But then they moved on to these deals with big fashion houses and there are quite a few around.
But I think that the LG product was the one that had the biggest impact. A lot of people wanted to have this phone. A lot of people wanted to be seen with this phone because of that brand's association.
Smartphones these days all seem to be pretty much the same. The cameras are broadly similar, the processing speeds, the screens, whatever else. So why have customers not been buying LG phones?
The problem that LG has suffered from is that it's failed to be competitive against companies like Samsung, Samsung and LG, a huge rivals across a number of different sectors. And Samsung's dominance of the smartphone market has just become more and more evident over the past decade. And unfortunately, its brands like LG that have suffered.
When you look at an LG smartphone and a Samsung smartphone, for example, technically and design wise, is there anything in it?
It's a very small thing, but with so many phones in the market and so many that look the same and feel the same and essentially do exactly the same thing as it comes down to these tiny little points of differentiation. Samsung had a big hit the curves to the edge of its display, for example, and LG over the last few years have produced a few iterations of the same phones through the G-7 and the G-8, where they didn't really seem to be much change, didn't really feel like they were evolving in any way.
Why then have they decided to stop making the smartphones? Have they decided that they just won't be able to ever catch up with the likes of Samsung and Apple?
I think the truth of it is that it was probably just costing them far too much money. The smartphone market has obviously split into these two massive players in Apple and Samsung who dominate. And then the real movers and shakers over the past five years have been from China. So brands like Qaumi Huawei, who did very well and are now suffering a little bit following recent bans on certain trade elements from the US and LG has always been a smaller player in the smartphone market, even though they have had some fantastic designs and have made some great contributions to that market.
They just didn't really seem to have a phone in the last five or six years that people would really want to go out and buy.
Chris Hill, the editor of the tech website Pocket Lint. Now to a possible Noisey end to the Global News podcast, because Sound of Metal is a new film which tells the story of a heavy metal drummer who loses his hearing. It's nominated for six Oscars, including Best Picture. And the British actor is Ahmed is up for best actor in real life. Damage to musicians hearing is all too common, though they are four times more likely to develop noise induced hearing loss.
For almost 20 years, Neil Cooper has been the drummer for the Mercury nominated band therapy. His career has left him with permanent tinnitus. In both is his wont. Sound of Metal has been telling our entertainment correspondent Colin Patterson what he made of the film.
The sound of Neil Cooper drumming for the alternative hard rock band therapy. I absolutely love it. It's really bizarre, I kind of it's one of those things as you get older, I'm fifty this year and I still absolutely love playing, performing, getting out all the adrenaline rush. Yeah, it's still kind of ticks the box for me.
It was more than 35 years ago that he first sat behind the kids for the first 12 years or so.
I didn't wear ear plugs or anything. And it's one of those things. I think as you're younger, it almost becomes a little bit of a badge of honor not to wear earplugs in a sense. I'll be honest, I was tired of the screaming is at the end of a night after a concert, and I was getting to the point where my ears were taken, to be honest. And I got to that point and just thought, you know, I've had enough of this.
I can't hear you. Do you understand? I can't.
I'm in the sound of metal. The main character, Rubin, loses almost all of his hearing.
Your hearing is deteriorating rapidly. More come back now.
New found the film fascinating. I've not known come as go as deaf as the character in Sound of Metal. But you go through the film feeling what the character is going through.
And I must admit I did relate to that sense of almost isolation, although for him the deterioration has not been as dramatic, it is still problematic.
I constantly have a whistling in my ear constantly. So when I'm lying in bed at four a.m., that's what I can hear. And the strange thing is the tone can kind of change throughout the day. And it's really strange things that trigger the tone in my ear, something really trivial, like taking a fork out the cutlery drawer, that kink of a glass together or the things like that deafness and other damage to hearing caused by noise is still one of the most common types of work-Related noise can cause tinnitus to a constant ringing.
Harley Street audiologist Paul Checkley has worked with many musicians over the years, but says there is still so much ignorance on the subject of noise and just hearing loss.
This is only something really that's begun to be recognized. Recently, I see young musicians starting out in their career that say, Oh yeah, I want to hear the music loud, I like it loud and I don't care if I can't hear, but I'm 60 because these sorts of things don't really begin to show until you get older and it creeps up on you very slowly. So you don't generally notice it often until it's too late, until the damage has been done.
And speaking from California, where he's filming, Riz Ahmed told me that he hopes the sound of metal will make musicians and gig goers think more about protecting their hearing.
I certainly made me realize I need to take earplugs into venues. And it's something I started doing a few years ago when I realized friends of mine DJs and started kind of losing bits there. He is very, very common within music and within the live entertainment industry. What about. As for Neil, he now takes all the precautions he can using anear monitors and working with the musicians union to get the latest advice. Are you worried at all going forward that your hearing is going to get worse, which you think you've got under control?
I think the damage is done, but yeah, I am super, super on top of it now. I've got kids and family and stuff, so I obviously want to hear them tell me things that I'm older and. That report by Colin Patterson, and that's all from us for now, but there will be an updated version of the Lebanese podcast later on. If you want to comment on this one or any of the topics and stories we've covered in it, do send us an email.
The address is Global Podcast BBC Don't on UK, the heavy metal loving studio manager. He was very happy with our last story. There was lots of head banging on the other side of the glass with Stuart Holland Drake, the producer Limerick Schifrin's, and the editor was Karen Martin. I'm going to fight until next time. Goodbye.